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Modern Art Powerpoint pdf

Jan 13, 2015

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  • 1. Art Movements ofthe Post WWI Years1919-1939Raphaella W. Chappaqua, NY

2. modernism 1916 - 1940 3. Principles of Modernism The expression of the Artists right to freedom of choice in subject and style. Departure from literal representation no longer needed with birth of photography. Art for Arts sake Reject tradition and society. 4. Art movements as part ofModernism Dadaism (1916 1924) Bauhaus (1919 1933) Art Deco (1920 1935) Surrealism [early] (1920 - 1935) 5. dadaism 1916 - 1924 6. Tristan Tzara founder of Dadaism Freedom : Dada Dada Dada, a roaring of tense colors, and interlacing of opposites and all contradictions, grotesques, inconsistencies: LIFEDada Manifesto [1919] 7. DadaismBegan in neutralSwitzerland in WWIAlso big in Paris.Reached its peakbetween 1916 1924Anti ArtA movement againstrigidity of society andart, and the barbarityof war the publicdidnt deserve artafter the war. 8. Characteristics of Dada ArtNonsensical drawingsPastel and faded colorsUsed collages and layers to confusethe unworthy beholder.The beginnings of surrealism many Dada artists went on to becomemembers of the Surrealist movement.Subjects sometimes mundane, calledart as irony. (e.g. bicycle wheel, flyer.) 9. Important Artistsof the Dada MovementTristan Tzara (1896 1953)Francis Picabia (1879 1953)Kurt Schwitters (1887 1948)Max Ernst (1891 1976)Marcel Duchamp (1887 1958) 10. KurtSchwittersThe Cherry Picture 1921 11. KurtSchwittersMerz 448(Moscow)1922 12. KurtSchwittersKleineDadaSoiree1922 13. Example covers ofDada Magazine(1917 & 1920) 14. bauhaus 1919 - 1933 15. Walter Gropius:Founder of BauhausThe School will gradually turninto a workshopArt and Technology - anew unity. 16. BauhausBegan in 1919 withBauhaus School inWeimar, Germany.Lead by WalterGropius, Hannes Meyer,& Ludwig Mies Van DerRohe.Wanted to create newart to reflect the newtimes they were livingin after WWI.Artist should be trainedto work in the industry. 17. Walter GropiusBorn in Berlin in 1883Served as Sgt. Majorin WWI.In 1919 was employedas the new master of theGrand-Ducal SaxonSchool of Arts and Craftsin Weimar became theBauhaus School.Fled Germany and theNazi Party in 1934.Died in Boston, MA in 1969. 18. Characteristics of Bauhaus A lack of recognizable objects wanted to find the true meaning of art through disassembling it. Clean lines, geometric shapes layered. In architecture: clean, functional. Like Dadaism, was a step toward surrealism for artists such as Wassily Kandinsky. Stylistic patterns altered as leaders of the school changed earlier Bauhaus is different to later Bauhaus. 19. Important members of the Bauhaus schoolWalter Gropius (1883-1969)Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)Josef Albers (1888-1976)Herbert Bayer (1900 - 1985) 20. Bauhaus School in Dessau, Germany 21. Wassily KandinskyContrasting Sounds1924 22. WassilyKandinskyOn White II1923 23. Wassily KandinskyYellow Red Blue1925 24. Josef AlbersFigure (Glass,Colour andLight)1921 25. Like Dada,Bauhaus alsopublishedperiodicals andmagazines.Head of printingand design forBauhaus Magazinewas Herbert Bayer.The Bauhausschool alsopublished bookscalledBauhausbcher 26. art deco 1920 - 1935 27. Art Deco Center: Paris. Gained the title Art Deco from Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes in 1925 A new kind of decorative and elegant art. Reached its high point in the mid 20s mid 30s. Reaction to the forced austerity caused by WWI. 28. Characteristics of Art DecoGeometric shapesAlthough not the flowing swirls of ArtNouveau, had bolder curves and lessfussy designs.Bold colors, and new ways of shadingpictures.Idealistic images of the flamingyouth of the roaring twenties.Carried a theme through pieces,especially in interiors and architecture. 29. Exposition Internationale des artsDecoratifs et Industriels Modernes April November 1925 Held in Paris To show the world that France once again led the way in a new evolving international style Art Deco. Changed the perception of Bauhaus, Colonial Art and, predominantly, the Art Deco style as legitimate movements. 30. Important Art Deco Artists Tamara de Lempicka (1898 1980) Erte - Romain De Tirtoff (1892 1990) William Van Allen (1883 1954) Cassandre - Adolphe Mouron(1901 1968) 31. Tamara deLempickaSelf Portrait inthe GreenBugatti1925 32. ErteDesign forLanternbearer in Venise XVII 1919 33. ErteLArc En Ciel(Cover forHarpersBazaar)1929 34. CassandreLAtlantique1932 35. early surrealism 1920 - 1935 36. SurrealismInspired by new psychology of two men:Sigmund Freud& Carl Gustav Jung 37. Basic PrinciplesFreudJungHuman development Neuroses are causedis best understood as by conflicts betweenchanging objects of individualssexual desire subconscious andWishes are repressedgreater world.and emerge from the Sexual desire doessubconscious in not play as huge aaccidental bursts role.Freudian slips.Must make a healthyNeuroses are caused relationship betweenby repressedthe conscious andmemories andunconscious unconscious shouldnt be cut offconflicts.from it, but shouldntID, Ego and Super be swamped by it.Ego. 38. Surrealism Divided into two groups based on different interpretations of Freud and Jung the Automatists and the Veristic Surrealists. Automatists - suppress conscious in order to free the subconscious, inspired by more Dadaist ideals, shouldnt be overly analyzed. Veristic Surrealists - follow the images of the subconscious so they can be interpreted; art is a way to freeze ideas of the subconscious. 39. SurrealismLead by Andre Brenton, aFrench doctor who hadserved in the trenchesduring WWI.Subject matter was varied: some pieces show acomplete dislocationfrom any sort of literalreality (for example,Max Ernsts works) -- other pieces shownormal situationswith a spark of absurdity(for example, ReneMagrittes works.)Bright colors among sometimes dullbackgrounds. 40. Max ErnstHydrometricDemonstrationOf How To KillBy Temperature1920 41. Max ErnstKupferblech1919 42. Max ErnstThe ElephantCelebs1921 43. Max ErnstThe Couple in Lace1925 44. Rene MagritteVoice of Space 1931 45. Rene MagritteThe False Mirror1928