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Media Format Guidelines This section outlines the guidelines for submitting media files to PBS LearningMedia via the . Please adhere to these guidelines to ensure the CMS tool content submission process goes smoothly. Media files that can be included in your resource include: Audio Documents Images Interactives Video Closed Captioning Transcript Audio Acceptable audio file format: MP3. Documents The following document formats are supported for import: Supported document formats Import File Type Supported DOC (Microsoft Word) / DOCX TXT (Text) PDF (Adobe's Portable Document Format) XLS (Excel File) / XLSX PDF-A OpenDocument ( ) ODT Because documents need to be downloaded for use, they will not be converted and will maintain their original format. If you and you would like it to retain the layout and formatting you've applied, submit it in the print- do not want your document to be editable ready PDF format PDF-A ( ). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDF/A If , you can: your document should be editable use the Save As option on your computer to save it as an ODT ( ) before you upload it, or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDocument upload it as a .doc file which is compatible with more systems than the .docx Viewing documents will generally be done with Microsoft Open Viewer https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx Documents with the following extensions will be viewed using the standard browser behavior: .pdf, .html, .notebook, .htm, .swf, .txt, .do, . pub, .3ds, .epub, .psd. Any other invalid format is included here. After uploading a new document, the user must check that it is correctly displayed in the viewer or uncheck this option in the CMS otherwise. Word and PowerPoint documents bigger than than 10 MB plus Excel documents bigger than 5 MB will be opened using the standard browser behavior. Images File types supported: EPS, AI, TIF, BMP NOT Acceptable image formats Type of Image Supported File Type Logo PNG, JPG Poster Image JPG Collection images JPG Support Materials images JPG Key: = supported = not supported
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Media Format Guidelines - PBS

Jul 05, 2022

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Media Format Guidelines This section outlines the guidelines for submitting media files to PBS LearningMedia via the .  Please adhere to these guidelines to ensure the CMS tool content submission process goes smoothly. Media files that can be included in your resource include:
Audio Documents Images Interactives Video Closed Captioning Transcript
Audio
Documents
Supported document formats
XLS (Excel File) / XLSX
OpenDocument ( )ODT
Because documents need to be downloaded for use, they will not be converted and will maintain their original format.  If you and you would like it to retain the layout and formatting you've applied, submit it in the print-do not want your document to be editable ready PDF format PDF-A ( ).https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDF/A If , you can:your document should be editable
use the Save As option on your computer to save it as an ODT ( ) before you upload it, orhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDocument upload it as a .doc file which is compatible with more systems than the .docx
Viewing documents will generally be done with Microsoft Open Viewer https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx Documents with the following extensions will be viewed using the standard browser behavior: .pdf, .html, .notebook, .htm, .swf, .txt, .do, . pub, .3ds, .epub, .psd. Any other invalid format is included here. After uploading a new document, the user must check that it is correctly displayed in the viewer or uncheck this option in the CMS otherwise. Word and PowerPoint documents bigger than than 10 MB plus Excel documents bigger than 5 MB will be opened using the standard browser behavior.
Images
Acceptable image formats
Logo PNG, JPG
Poster Image JPG
Collection images JPG
Poster Images (and thumbnails) LearningMedia requires a poster image for all assets. If a poster image is not added to an asset, the poster image
from the media file displays. File format: JPG Poster images should be 1920 pixels wide by 1080 pixels high and have a 16:9 aspect ratio.  Minimum image size accepted is 700 pixels wide by 394 pixels high. The poster image is resized automatically for lists (thumbnail size) and resource pages (poster image size, i.e. the image you see before you hit the play button). For videos, a representative frame should be chosen. For documents and audio, we would like to have a representative image, or icon. See more about poster images
Logos Please attach your logo to an email and send to  .PBSLM.MC@pbs.org We strongly recommend including at least one logo on each resource (typically the Contributor logo). Please add logos in the Attributions field at the Content Project level. All logos should be submitted with a .minimum width of 250 pixels File format:  (must be transparent)PNG .AI and .EPS files can be submitted to PBS if you are unable to provide .PNG files, however, these file types require reformatting by our design department and may take more time to process. All brand logos display in color; all other logos display in grayscale. You can include an unlimited number of Brand, Contributor, Funder, and Producer logos. See more about logos
Image sizes
Image File format
Additional Notes Example 
(click to enlarge)
Resource Poster Image
JPG 700 x 394 1920 x 1080 16:9 LearningMedia requires a poster image for all assets. If a poster image is not added to an asset, the poster image from the media file displays.
For videos, a representative frame should be chosen
 
Thumbnail on Search Results
JPG 116 x 65  1920 x 1080  16:9 The poster image is resized automatically to create the thumbnail image
Collection Banner
 
Support Material Poster Image
Interactives
HTML Guidelines
HTML may be written according to the HTML 4.01 Transitional, XHTML 1.0, or HTML5 doctype. All HTML files must declare a valid doctype. (HTML will be validated against . It is suggested that all files are validated before W3C guidelines submitting to PBS.  There are free utilities available to achieve this.) HTML must be Section 508 compliant. Interactive developers should follow best practices of web development for HTML, CSS, JavaScript and Flash/Action script including the use of non-blocking JavaScript loads and supporting the widest array of browser technologies possible.
Pointer assets open in a pop-up of 1045x810 and LTIs open in a pop-up of 1200x756. From the console, click the Open in new tab checkbox to have your asset open in a new browser tab. Learn more
Target browsers
The following is a list of target browsers:
Google Chrome Internet Explorer 11.0 Firefox 52+, Safari 9+ Microsoft Edge. 
Interactive Package Construction 
Interactives that should be delivered in ZIP archives containing all required files and directory structures needed to contain multiple files experience the object. At the root of the ZIP archive should be a manifest file called manifest.txt. The manifest should contain the following information, and nothing else:
Title: Title of interactive Creator: Creator of interactive Creator Email: Email of interactive Creator Description: Short description of interactive Date Created: Date interactive was created The ZIP archive should also contain an index.html file at the root of the archive
Only the index.html and the manifest.txt files should be located in the root of the archive. All other files should be contained in a subdirectory called .content Within the content directory, interactive creators may use whatever directory structure they choose, as long the guidelines outlined below are followed:
Reference files and directories with the correct letter case.  Filesystems are case sensitive. Capital letters may be used, but it is imperative for developers to realize that they must reference files and directories with the correct letter case. If the HTML, JavaScript, CSS or Actionscript of your interactive references "filename.jpg" and the actual file is called "fileName.jpg" then your interactive may appear broken to the end user. This would cause your interactive to be rejected by PBS staff. (This is generally only a problem for developers working on case insensitive platforms such as Windows.) To avoid complications with filename references, it is recommended to avoid any uppercase letters in filenames. Do not include spaces or special characters in file or directory names.  No spaces or special characters are allowed in file or directory names. The only special characters that are permitted are: dash ( - ), underscore (_), and period (.). So this-file_name.txt is valid, but this file~name.txt is not valid. All linkage in any interactive should be self-contained and relative to the pathing within the zip archives. For example, the index. html file may embed the object content/swf/main.swf as a valid path and file. However, /content/swf/main.swf will not be a valid path or file on the production system.
All interactives will be loaded via the index.html file in the root directory. This file should bootstrap the interactive to run for the user.
The structure of the content directory may take on a much wider variety of appearances. Figure 1 demonstrates a sample content directory.
Figure 1
content/ jQuery/ jQuery_min.js img/ image1.jpg image2.jpg css/ styles.css base.css swf/ main.swf menu.swf video/ video1.mp4 video2.mp4
FLASH IS NOT RECOMMENDED. Schools and institutions do not always run the most cutting-edge version of the Flash Player and . swf files do not work on many tablets.
LearningMedia Technical Requirements can be found here: .http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/help/technical-requirements/
Learn how to create a single file interactive
UI/UX Guidelines
It is imperative to realize that the interactives will be experienced through many different platforms and devices. In addition to designing the interactive for the appropriate audience, it is helpful to keep in mind some tips to make the interactive accessible for a variety of platforms and interfaces.
 TIPS
Varia ble displa y resol ution s
The interactives may be viewed on a wide variety of displays with varying resolutions so, where possible, use . Vector graphics vector graphics are especially friendly for developers when using Flash, although features such as SVG and the canvas tag enable HTML-based interactives to leverage scalable graphics. It is recommended that wherever possible, HTML-based interactives utilize a fluid layout in order to make the best use of available display resolution.
Avoid hover event s
A hover event is any event that occurs upon hovering the mouse cursor over an object on the screen. Both JavaScript and Flash allow for this type of event.  These types of events should be avoided in order to better support touch-based interfaces. If an onHover event does not impact the actual functioning of a interactive, it is allowed. However, if an onHover event prevents users on a touch-based device from experiencing the core functions of a interactive, then those onHover events will require alteration.
Provi de user - friend ly interf ace
Although mouse pointers and other interface devices provide a high level of accuracy, it is recommended that interactive developers try not to position linked objects too closely together. Give some room to linked elements of your interactive, and allow hot zones to be as large as possible. This will make the interactive more accessible to differently abled users, will ease interaction with the interactive on touch-based devices, and will expand the audience to a wider age range (younger children tend not to be as precise with the mouse as adults and older children).
HTML links
When featuring HTML links as assets, provide the URL that takes the user closest to the media. PBS LearningMedia intentionally tries to avoid cataloging entire websites since we aim to feature discrete resources, so please avoid URLs to home pages, especially if the websites are large.
Video
File Format MPEG-4 (.mp4)
*.mov files are acceptable, however, .mp4 is the preferred format.
MPEG-4 (.mp4)
*.mov files are acceptable, however, .mp4 is the preferred format.
Total Stream BitRate  5 Mbps 6.5Mbps
Video Stream 
Frame Size 16/9: 1280 x 720 16/9: 1920 X 1080
Frame Rate 30 fps 30 fps
Video Standard NTSC  NTSC 
Scan Type Progressive   Progressive  
Video Stream BitRate Mode
VBR   VBR  
Video audio
Videos should not contain web links, hash tags or embedded captions.
360° Videos are also supported but not automatically detected. After uploading this content, the 360° flag must be enabled so the player displays the content correctly.
Mezzanine is the preferred format, however, web delivery is acceptable if mezzanine is not available.
Codec AAC AAC
Audio Stream BitRate Mode CBR CBR
Number of Audio Channels 2 (Stereo)  1 (Mono)
Audio Channel's Positions L, R C
Sampling Rate 48 KHz 44.1 KHz 
Bit Depth 16 bits 16 bits 
** Preferred format.
Closed Captioning
When you use one of the caption formats that are supported for ingest, your caption file is automatically converted and stored in the CMS as VTT. Caption positioning will be stripped if not supported. Embedded captions are not supported.
Acceptable caption formats
VTT**
DFXP
SRT
SAMI  
SCC
SMPTE-TT
QuickTime text
** Preferred format.
When a user mouses over your video, a variety of icons appear at the bottom of the screen. If the bar contains a CC icon (Figure 1.1), that means your video contains closed captions. If the CC icon does not appear, closed captioning is not available for your video. When activated, captions display at the bottom of the video.  Learn more about closed captioning
Figure 1
FCC Online Captioning Regulations
Full-length and chapterized video programming shown with closed captions on TV must now have captions when distributed online. Captions of online video programming must be at least the same quality as the captions shown on TV. The FCC requires the copyright holder of the content to notify the distributor as to whether captions are needed for a particular program and to provide the digital captioning file if needed. In addition, digital closed captioning will be required to be present and accurate for as of January 1, 2016. The following exemption applies as of clips, excerpts and segments January 1, 2016 for that are lifted from a broadcast television program:  all clips, segments, and excerpts
Captions are not required for online from , until July 2017.clips near live or live broadcasts Captions are not required for clips and segments broadcast before January 1, 2016, however, if something is aired as a rerun, captions are ONLY  required.
Full text of the online closed captioning regulations can be found here: FCC regulations
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