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Mech-Intro 14.0 WS05.1 LinStruc

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    2011 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 20121 Release 14.0

    14. 0 Release

    Introduction to ANSYS

    Mechanical

    Workshop 5.1

    Linear Structural Analysis

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    GoalsWorkshop 4 consists of a 5 part assembly representing an impeller type pump.

    Our primary goals are to analyze the assembly with a preload on the belt of 100N

    to test: That the impeller will not deflect more than 0.075mm with the applied load.

    That the use of a plastic pump housing will not exceed the materials elastic limits around

    the shaft bore.

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    AssumptionsWell assume the pump housing is rigidly mounted to the rest of the pump

    assembly. To simulate this, a frictionless support is applied to the mounting face.

    Similarly, frictionless surfaces on the mounting hole counter bores will be used to

    simulate the mounting bolt contacts. (Note if accurate stresses were desired at the

    mounting holes, a compression only support would be a better choice).

    Finally, a bearing load (X = 100 N) is used on the pulley to simulate the load from

    the drive belt. The bearing load will distribute the force over the face of the pulleyonly where the belt contact occurs.

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    Project SchematicOpen the Project page.

    From the Units menu verify: Project units are set to Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV).

    Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

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    . . . Project Schematic1. From the Toolbox insert a Static

    Structural system into the Project

    Schematic.

    2. From the Geometry cell, RMB andImport Geometry > Browse. Import

    the file Pump_assy_3.stp.

    3. Double click the Model cell to start

    the Mechanical application.

    1.

    2.

    3.

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    Preprocessing4. Set the working unit system:

    Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

    5. Add Polyethylene the Engineering Data (return to

    Workbench window):

    a. Double click the Engineering Data cell.

    b. Activate the Data Source toggle and highlight GeneralMaterials and click the + sign next to Polyethylene.

    c. Return to Project.

    4.

    b.

    c.

    a.

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    . . . Preprocessing6. Refresh the Model cell:

    a. RMB > Refresh.

    Return to the Mechanical window.

    7. Change the material on the pump housing:

    a. Highlight PumpHousing under geometry.b. From details change the material assignment toPolyethylene.

    6a.

    7a.

    7b.

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    . . . Preprocessing8. Change the contact region behavior for the first 4

    contact regions (shown below):

    a. Hold the shift key and highlight the first 4 contactbranches.

    b. From the detail window change the contact type tono separation.

    The remainder of the contacts will be left as

    bonded.

    a.

    b.

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    Environment9. Apply the bearing load to the pulley:

    a. Highlight the Static Structural branch.

    b. Highlight the pulleys groove surface.

    c. RMB > Insert > Bearing Load.

    d. From the detail window change to Components and X =100 N a.

    b.

    d.

    c.

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    . . . Environment10. Apply supports to the assembly:

    a.Highlight the mating face on the pump housing (part 1).

    b.RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.

    a.

    b.

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    . . . EnvironmentNow we will add the frictionless supports to the 8 countersink portions of themounting holes (shown here).

    Each of the required surfaces could be selected individually while holding the CTRLkey however we will use a macro (select by size) provided with Mechanical. Afterselecting the initial surface, running the macro finds and selects all surfaces of thesame size (area). Note, this macro also works with edges or bodies.

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    . . . Environment11. Select the countersunk holes (select by size macro):

    a. Highlight 1 of the countersink surfaces (arbitrary).

    b. Choose Tools > Run Macro . . . and browse to:

    c. In the browser choose selectBySize.js

    d. Click Open

    a.

    b.c.

    d.

    C:\Program Files\ANSYSInc\v140\AISOL\DesignSpace\DSPages\macros

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    . . . Environment

    12. Constrain the countersunk hole surfaces:

    a. From the context menu, click on Supports andchoose Frictionless Support or RMB > Insert >Frictionless Support

    a.

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    Solution

    13. Highlight the Analysis Settings and from the details

    window change Weak Springs from ProgramControlled to Off.

    Note : Because of the presence of frictionless supports

    and non bonded contact, Workbench-Mechanical will

    trigger the use of weak springs during the solution. If

    we know the model is fully constrained we can turn off

    this function.

    13. Solve the model: Choose solve from the tool bar or RMB Solution branch

    and choose Solve.14.

    13.

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    Postprocessing15. Add results to solution:

    a. Highlight the solution branch:

    b. From the context menu, choose Stresses > Equivalent (von-Mises) or RMB > Insert >Stress > Equivalent (von-Mises)

    c. Repeat the step above, choose Deformation > Total Deformation

    Solve again.

    Note: adding results and re-solving the model will not cause a complete solution to take place.Requesting new results requires only a re-read of the results file.

    a.

    b. c.

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    . . . Postprocessing

    While the overall plots can be used as a reality check to verify our loads, the plots

    are less than ideal since much of the model is displayed in few colors. (your results

    may vary slightly due to meshing differences).

    To improve the quality of results available we will scope results to individual

    parts.

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    . . . Postprocessing16. Scope the results to individual bodies/surfaces:

    a.Highlight the Solution branch and switch theselection filter to Body select mode.

    b. Select the impeller (part 2)

    c. RMB > Insert > Stress > equivalent (von- Mises)

    Notice the detail for the new result indicates a

    scope of 1 Body.

    17. Repeat the procedure above to insert Total

    Deformation results for the impeller part.

    18. Repeat to add individually scoped stress and total

    deformation results to the pump housing (part 1).

    a.

    b.

    c.

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    . . . Postprocessing19. Rename the new results:

    a. RMB on the result > Rename

    b. Rename the results as shown here to simplify postprocessing

    20. Solve

    a.

    b.

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    . . . Postprocessing

    By checking the impeller deformation we can verify that one of our goals is met.

    The maximum deformation is approximately 0.024mm (goal < 0.075mm).

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    Inspection of the housing stress shows that, overall, the stress levels are below the

    materials elastic limit (tensile yield = 25 MPa). We could again use scoping to

    isolate the results in the area of interest.

    . . . Postprocessing