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MAKALAH PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE DISUSUN OLEH : DARRYL VALENTINO SUMIRANA ( 209131008 )
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MAKALAH PM

Oct 15, 2014

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MAKALAH PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

DISUSUN OLEH : DARRYL VALENTINO SUMIRANA ( 209131008 )

POLITEKNIK MANUFAKTUR NEGERI BANDUNG

PREFACEPraises for Allah SWT. has given his blessing and the gift to us so we managed to finish this paper is timely entitled "Preventive Maintenance".This paper contains information about understanding preventive maintenance or more specifically discuss the application of preventive maintenance, characteristics and application of preventive maintenance,this paper is expected to provide information to us after learning all about preventive maintenance.

We realize that this paper is far from perfect, therefore criticism and suggestions from all parties as constructive is always our hope for the perfection of this paper.

The final word, we say thank you to a party all who have participated in the preparation of this paper from beginning to end, may Allah Almighty always be pleased with all our efforts, amin.

Bandung, 23th october 2011

Writer

DAFTAR ISI

Pendahuluan ............................................................................................... 1 Daftar isi ..................................................................................................... 2 Chapter 1 : introduction .............................................................................. 3 Chapter 2 : Basic Theory ............................................................................ 8 Bab 3 Bab 4 : Pembahasan .............................................................................. 16 : Kesimpulan dan Saran .............................................................. 26

Daftar Pustaka ............................................................................................. 28

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background British Standard Glossary of terms (3811:1993) defined maintenance as: the combination of all technical and administrative actions, including supervision actions, intended to retain an item in, or restore it to, a state in which it can perform a required function. maintenance is a set of organised activities that are carried out in order to keep an item in its best operational condition with minimum cost acquired. Bandung Polytechnic for manufacturing its self is one of the professional educational institutions in Indonesia, as befits an educational institution, then it becomes an obligation for Bandung Polytechnic for Manufacturing to provide supporting facilities in the educational process and the production process. In the last decade, the need for Maintenance of a company or industry, particularly in Polman with the activities of maintenance and regular maintenance on a machine or tools, so that the machine can run well. In this case, preventive maintenance became one of the most important maintenance activities that students should do. The preventive maintenance program covered several things such as : Maintenance schedule of all types of machine that exist in POLMAN Doing maintenance activities based on schedule board ( inspection, small repair, medium repair, overhaul ) y Trouble analysis and trouble repair

y y

From those things above we can make a conclusion that preventive maintenance is one of the most important maintenance activities and we should know about it. 1.2 Objective of the Study The purpose of this activity report writing are:

1. Students understand the meaning of a engine maintenance, so as to minimize the occurrence of damage to the machine that can inhibit the activities of education both and production both.

2. Students can understand about the basics of maintenance, especially about preventive maintenance.

3. Students are expected to master the sciences base and use of tolls can be applied in preventive maintenance activities.

4. Students can take knowledge when the practice preventive maintenance and then sharing for other students.

5. Students can working with the attention of safety factor for tools and human in the area working 1.3 Scope of the Study The report of this praktice is focused on: a) Limitation of issues y y y y Understanding the right prespective of maintenance and preventive maintenance Improving knowledge about lubrication Improving knowledge about calibration Inspection of schaublin lathe machine

y y y y y y y y

Inspection of aciera unviersal milling Inspection of surface grinding machine Repair the carriage bolt of lathe machine Change the nut of aciera universal milling Small repair of aciera universal milling Lubrication for schaublin universal milling Calibration for aciera universal milling Levelling milling machine

b) Technical Collection of the data Data obtained in the manufacture of this activity report sourced from: The Explanation of the instructor. reference books that suport about Preventive maintenance and the sciences of the other maintenance. Browsing the internet. Discussions with the lecturers and the parties related to the process of making this activity report. Taking pictures through the camera

1.4. Systematics of Writing

This report made by systematic to divided into four chapters, Including :

Chapter I is an introduction that describes the background, objectives and so on.

Chapter II is the basis of the theory, which explains about all things related to the theory and the theory of Maintenance related with machinery, machine elements etc.

Chapter III is a discussion, which includes the discussion conducted at the preventive maintenance, problem analysis and solution of problems.

Chapter IV is the conclusion, which is the conclusion of the maintenance foundry and maintenance work practices and suggestions to make a change towards a better.

CHAPTER II BASIC THEORY 2.1 Definitions of MaintenanceBritish Standard Glossary of terms (3811:1993) defined maintenance as: the combination of all technical and administrative actions, including supervision actions, intended to retain an item in, or restore it to, a state in which it can perform a required function. maintenance is a set of organised activities that are carried out in order to keep an item in its best operational condition with minimum cost acquired. Activities of maintenance function could be either repair or replacement activities, which are necessary for an item to reach its acceptable productivity condition and these activities, should be carried out with a minimum possible cost.

2.2 Maintenance History1. In the period of pre-World War II, people thought of maintenance as an added cost to the plant which did not increase the value of finished product. Therefore, the maintenance at that era was restricted to fixing the unit when it breaks because it was the cheapest alternative. 2. During and after World War II at the time when the advances of engineering and scientific technology developed, people developed other types of maintenance, which were much cheaper such as preventive maintenance. In addition, people in this era classified maintenance as a function of the production system. 3. Nowadays, increased awareness of such issues as environment safety, quality of product and services makes maintenance one of the most important functions that

contribute to the success of the industry. World-class companies are in continuous need of a very well organised maintenance programme to compete world-wide.

2.3 Maintenance ObjectivesMaintenance objectives should be consistent with and subordinate to production goals. The relation between maintenance objectives and production goals is reflected in the action of keeping production machines and facilities in the best possible condition. Maximising production or increasing facilities availability at the lowest cost and at the highest quality and safety standards. y y y Reducing breakdowns and emergency shutdowns. Optimising resources utilisation. Reducing downtime.

y

y y y y y y

Improving spares stock control. Improving equipment efficiency and reducing scrap rate. Minimising energy usage. Optimising the useful life of equipment. Providing reliable cost and budgetary control. Identifying and implementing cost reductions.

2.4 Types of Maintenancey y y y y Run to Failure Maintenance (RTF) Preventive Maintenance (PM) Corrective Maintenance (CM) Improvement Maintenance (IM) Predictive Maintenance (PDM)

2.5.1 Run to Failure Maintenance (RTF)The required repair, replacement, or restore action performed on a machine or a facility after the occurrence of a failure in order to bring this machine or facility to at least its minimum acceptable condition. It is the oldest type of maintenance. It is subdivided into two types: Emergency maintenance: it is carried out as fast as possible in order to bring a failed machine or facility to a safe and operationally efficient condition. Breakdown maintenance: it is performed after the occurrence of an advanced considered failure for which advanced provision has been made in the form of repair method, spares, materials, labour and equipment.

Disadvantages: 1. Its activities are expensive in terms of both direct and indirect cost. 2. Using this type of maintenance, the occurrence of a failure in a component can cause failures in other components in the same equipment, which leads to low production availability. 3. Its activities are very difficult to plan and schedule in advance.

This type of maintenance is useful in the following situations: 1. The failure of a component in a system is unpredictable. 2. The cost of performing run to failure maintenance activities is lower than performing other activities of other types of maintenance. 3. The equipment failure priority is too low in order to include the activities of preventing it within the planned maintenance budget.

2.5.2 Preventive Maintenance (PM)It is a set of activities that are performed on plant equipment, machinery, and systems before the occurrence of a failure in order to protect them and to prevent or eliminate any degradation in their operating conditions. British Standard 3811:1993 Glossary of terms defined preventive maintenance as: the maintenance carried out at predetermined intervals or according to prescribed criteria and intended to reduce the probability of failure or the degradation of the functioning and the effects limited. The advantage of applying preventive maintenance activities is to satisfy most of maintenance objectives. The factors that affect the efficiency of this type of maintenance: 1. The need for an adequate number of staff in the maintenance department in order to perform this type of maintenance. 2. The right choice of production equipment and machinery that is suitable for the working environment and that can tolerate the workload of this environment. 3. The required staff qualifications and skills, which can be gained through training. 4. The support and commitment from executive management to the PM programme. 5. The proper planning and scheduling of PM programme. 6. The ability to properly apply the PM programme. y y y It is good for those machines and facilities which their failure would cause serious production losses. Its aim is to maintain machines and facilities in such a condition that breakdowns and emergency repairs are minimised. Its activities include replacements, adjustments, major overhauls, inspections and lubrications.

y y

y

Researchers subdivided preventive maintenance into different kinds according to the nature of its activities: Routine maintenance which includes those maintenance activities that are repetitive and periodic in nature such as lubrication, cleaning, and small adjustment. Running maintenance which includes those maintenance activities that are carried out while the machine or equipment is running and they represent those activities that are performed before the actual preventive maintenance activities take place.

2.5.3 Preventive Maintenance (PM)y Opportunity maintenance which is a set of maintenance activities that are performed on a machine or a facility when an unplanned opportunity exists during the period of performing planned maintenance activities to other machines or facilities. Window maintenance which is a set of activities that are carried out when a machine or equipment is not required for a definite period of time. Shutdown preventive maintenance, which is a set of preventive maintenance activities that are carried out when the production line is in total stoppage situation.

y y

2.5.4 Corrective Maintenance (CM)In this type, actions such as repair, replacement, or restore will be carried out after the occurrence of a failure in order to eliminate the source of this failure or reduce the frequency of its occurrence. In the British Standard 3811:1993 Glossary of terms, corrective maintenance is defined as: the maintenance carried out after recognition and intended to put an item into a state in which it can perform a required function. This type of maintenance is subdivided into three types: Remedial maintenance, which is a set of activities that are performed to eliminate the source of failure without interrupting the continuity of the production process. y The way to carry out this type of corrective maintenance is by taking the item to be corrected out of the production line and replacing it with reconditioned item or transferring its workload to its redundancy. Deferred maintenance, which is a set of corrective maintenance activities that are not immediately initiated after the occurrence of a failure but are delayed in such a way that will not affect the production process.

Shutdown corrective maintenance, which is a set of corrective maintenance activities that are performed when the production line is in total stoppage situation. The main objectives of corrective maintenance are the maximisation of the effectiveness of all critical plant systems, the elimination of breakdowns, the elimination of unnecessary repair, and the reduction of the deviations from optimum operating conditions. The difference between corrective maintenance and preventive maintenance is that for the corrective maintenance, the failure should occur before any corrective action is taken. Corrective maintenance is different from run to failure maintenance in that its activities are planned and regularly taken out to keep plants machines and equipment in optimum operating condition. The way to perform corrective maintenance activities is by conducting four important steps: 1. Fault detection. 2. Fault isolation. 3. Fault elimination. 4. Verification of fault elimination. In the fault elimination step several actions could be taken such as adjusting, aligning, calibrating, reworking, removing, replacing or renovation. Corrective maintenance has several prerequisites in order to be carried out effectively: 1. Accurate identification of incipient problems. 2. Effective planning which depends on the skills of the planners, the availability of well developed maintenance database about standard time to repair, a complete repair procedures, and the required labour skills, specific tools, parts and equipment. 3. Proper repair procedures. 4. Adequate time to repair. 5. Verification of repair.

2.5.5 Improvement Maintenance (IM)y y It aims at reducing or eliminating entirely the need for maintenance. This type of maintenance is subdivided into three types as follows:

1. Design-out maintenance which is a set of activities that are used to eliminate the cause of maintenance, simplify maintenance tasks, or raise machine performance from the maintenance point of view by redesigning those machines and facilities which are vulnerable to frequent occurrence of failure and their long term repair or replacement cost is very expensive. 2. Engineering services which includes construction and construction modification, removal and installation, and rearrangement of facilities. 3. Shutdown improvement maintenance, which is a set of improvement maintenance activities that are performed while the production line is in a complete stoppage situation.

Predictive maintenance is a set of activities that detect changes in the physical condition of equipment (signs of failure) in order to carry out the appropriate maintenance work for maximising the service life of equipment without increasing the risk of failure. It is classified into two kinds according to the methods of detecting the signs of failure: Condition-based predictive maintenance Statistical-based predictive maintenance

2.5.6 Predictive Maintenance (PDM) Condition-based predictive maintenance depends on continuous or periodic condition monitoring equipment to detect the signs of failure. Statistical-based predictive maintenance depends on statistical data from the meticulous recording of the stoppages of the in-plant items and components in order to develop models for predicting failures. The drawback of predictive maintenance is that it depends heavily on information and the correct interpretation of the information. Some researchers classified predictive maintenance as a type of preventive maintenance. The main difference between preventive maintenance and predictive maintenance is that predictive maintenance uses monitoring the condition of machines or equipment to determine the actual mean time to failure whereas preventive maintenance depends on industrial average life statistics.

BAB III PEMBAHASANDalam praktikum prefentif maintenance, kami melakukan perbaikan kecil terhadap mesin mesin perkakas seperti mesin frais, mesin bubut, gerinda,mesin las listrik. Setelah itu, kami juga melakukan pelumasan dan kalibrasi terhadap mesin mesin tersebut. Berikut adalah kegiatan yang kami lakukan selama kegiatan preventif maintenance :

3.1 inspeksi mesin frais aciera f3

Dalam proses inspeksi mesin aciera f3, pengecekkan dibagi berdasarkan bagian utama mesin.sebelum melakukan kegiatan inspeksi yang mau tidak mau akan membongkar sebagian atau seluruh part mesin, maka perlu diadakannya beberapa persiapan untuk mencegah kita ketika membongkar part mesin tersebut. Persiapan tersebut antara lain : 1. mempelajari terlebih dahulu manual book mesin yang akan dibongkar 2. mempersiapkan tool kit sehingga segala kebutuhan peralatan bisa terpenuhi 3. melakukan kegiatan dokumentasi baik berupa foto ataupun gambar sketsa yang memperlihatkan konstruksi part mesin sebelum dan sesudah dibongkar. Hal ini bertujuan agar kita mempunyai patokan konstruksi part mesin ketika perbaikan atau pengecekan selesai dilakukan 4. melakukan pelabelan terhadap elemen elemen pengikat part mesin (baut dan mur) yang biasanya sering kali tertukar ketika melakukan bongkar pasang 5. bersikap pro aktif terhadap instruktur ataupun teman praktek ketika ada sesuatu yang tidak diketahui atau diragukan. Belajar dari kesalahan yang pernah dibuat sehingga perbaikkan untuk kedepannya

Dalam hal ini, mesin frais aciera f3 memiliki lima bagian utama : y bagian head stock

Standar inspeksi untuk bagian head stock mesin frais aciera f3 antara lain : periksa suara dan suhu head stock minimal 15menit pada rpm 1500 setelah dilakukan inspeksi ternyata suhu pada head stock mencapai 47,50C. Batas maksimum yang diperbolehkan adalah kurang dari 500C. Ini berarti suhu pada head stock hampir mencapai batas. Analisa: Gesekkan yang terjadi antara bearing dengan poros maupun elemen putar lainnya sudah sangat dominan. Suhu yang terjadi bisa saja diakibatkan oleh bearing yang aus sehingga menyebabkan gesekkan yang besar terhadap body head stock sehingga panas terjadi secara berlebih. Periksa pergerakkan, backlash, dan stopper sumbu y. Setelah dilakukan inspeksi ternyata pergerakan, backlash, dan stopper sumber y masih berada dibawah batas toleransi sehingga masih dapat dikatakan layak untuk dipakai. y Bagian meja

Standar inspeksi untuk bagian meja mesin frais aciera f3 antara lain :

Periksa kondisi permukaan meja secara umum Kondisi meja secara umum masih baik sehingga masih layak untuk digunakan. Periksa pergerakkan, stopper,backlash sumbu x dan z Setelah diperiksa ternyata backlash pada sumbu x telah melebihi standar toleransi yang diharuskan. Backlash yang terjadi adalah 0,2mm sedangkan standar toleransinya adalah 0,1mm. Analisa :

Backlash yang melebihi standar toleransi diakibatkan oleh keausan dari nut ulir transportir pada eretan sumbu x mesin frais aciera f3 keausan pada nut ulir transportir biasanya diakibatkan oleh gesekan terhadap poros transpotir, beban yang diberikan bed kepada nut ulir transportir selain itu juga disebabkan oleh beban kejut yang terjadi selama proses pemotongan.

Setelah nut ulir transportir diganti maka backlash yang terjadi adalah sebesar 0,04mm. Hal ini membuktikan bahwa keausan yang terjadi pada nut ulir transportir membuat backlash pada eretan sumbu z semakin besar. Namun, karena nut ulir transportir yang baru tidak memiliki lubang pelumasan maka nut ulir tidak jadi diganti.

y

Bagian penggerak

Standar inspeksi untuk bagian penggerak frais aciera f3 antara lain : Periksa suara dan suhu penggerak spindle utama dan otomatis mekanik Suhu penggerak setelah di nyalakan pada rpm 1200 ternyata masih berada di bawah standar toleransi yang di tentukan, sehingga masih layak pakai. Periksa pulley dan belt, setting kekencangan belt, ganti bila perlu Untuk mensetting kekencangan belt, kita bisa memutar tangkai yang berada dekat penggerak, yang berhubungan langsung dengan dudukan motor.

y

Bagian elektrik

Standar inspeksi untuk bagian elektrik frais aciera f3 antara lain : Pemeriksaaan dan pembersihan komponen komponen kendali Semua komponen kendali masih berfungsi dengna baik, semua kontaktor berjalan sebagaimana mestinya

y

Bagian umum

Standar inspeksi untuk bagian umum antara lain : Periksa pengaman / stopper mesin. Setting dan perbaiki. Stopper mesin berguna sebagai pengaman pergerakan pada mesin, sehingga mesin tidak melampaui kapasitasnya dalam pergerakan eretan. Pada mesin fr 20 stopper mesin arah x dan y telah memiliki stopper yang lengkap dan berfungsi dengan baik, namun pada arah z stooper bagian atasnya tidak ada. Bersihkan body mesin dari kotoran, karat, dan sebagainya Pemberian pelumas di body mesin salah satunya untuk menjaga mesin cepat berkarat akibat pemakaian cooling maupun keringat yang terjatuh dari operator, namun, kesadaran operator terlihat sangat minim untuk menjaga kebersihan mesin, ini terbukti dengan banyaknya kotoran pada mesin setiap kali kami melakukan tugas inspeksi ataupun small repair. Hal ini perlu kita sadari bersama bahwa maintenance bukan berarti membersihkan mesin, karena operator memiliki tugas yang serupa, untuk menjaga kebersihan mesin. Leveling mesin

Untuk melevelling mesin, kita menggunakan spirit level yang diletakkan di bed mesin, setelah itu untuk merubah dudukan mesin kita harus memutar baut yang ada di kaki kaki mesin. Di perlukan kehati hatian agar kita tidak salah dalam menentukan arah ketinggian mesin dan pemutaran baut dilakukan dengan hati hati supaya tercapai ketinggian mesin yang sama dengan yang di harapkan.

3.2 Mengganti baut eretan atas pada mesin bubut

Baut pengikat eretan atas BU 04 slacken sehingga harus diganti. Analisa : Baut terjadi slacken akibat rusaknya ulir baut, sehingga tidak mengikat mur, disebabkan oleh pengikatan yang telalu kencang dari operator, ataupun akibat beban kejut yang terjadi pada saat proses pemotongan benda kerja dilakukan. Seperti prosedur sebelumnya, ada 5 langkah yang kami persiapkan sebelum memulai pembongkaran yaitu : 1. mempelajari terlebih dahulu manual book mesin yang akan dibongkar 2. mempersiapkan tool kit sehingga segala kebutuhan peralatan bisa terpenuhi 3. melakukan kegiatan dokumentasi baik berupa foto ataupun gambar sketsa yang memperlihatkan konstruksi part mesin sebelum dan sesudah dibongkar. Hal ini bertujuan agar kita mempunyai patokan konstruksi part mesin ketika perbaikan atau pengecekan selesai dilakukan 4. melakukan pelabelan terhadap elemen elemen pengikat part mesin (baut dan mur) yang biasanya sering kali tertukar ketika melakukan bongkar pasang 5. bersikap pro aktif terhadap instruktur ataupun teman praktek ketika ada sesuatu yang tidak diketahui atau diragukan. Belajar dari kesalahan yang pernah dibuat sehingga perbaikkan untuk kedepannya

Setelah baut pengikat eretan atas diganti, baut tidak lagi slacken dan dapat berfungsi sebagaimana mestinya.

3.3 Inspeksi mesin gerinda datar surfemac

Dalam inspeksi kali ini hal yang kami lakukan hanya terbatas pada pengecekan kondisi mesin, pelumasan dan pengecekan kondisi mesin.

Ketika melakuakn pemeriksaan, kami menemukan bahwa kondisi mesin sangat kotor, sehingga membutuhkan pembersihan, terlihat sekali kotoran telah mengeras dan menjadi kerak sehingga sulit untuk di bersihkan. Lagi lagi kesadaran operator sangat rendah untuk menjaga kondisi kebersihan mesin yang harusnya menjadi tanggung jawab kita bersama.

3.4 Pelumasan mesiny Teori pelumasan

Pelumasan khususnya di polman, dibagi kedalam symbol warna dan simbol bentuk. Symbol warna berfungsi untuk membedakan jenis pelumas pada mesin, setiap pelumas memiliki spesifiksi tersendiri seperti : Tellus C 10 velocity 6 digunakan untuk pelumasan terhadap gearbox special, seperti pada gearbox mesin frais schaublin 53 N. pelumas in juga bisa diganti dengan morlina 10 Tellus 32 digunakan untuk pelumasan terhadap komponen hidrolik, yang umumnya digunakan di mesin gerinda. Tellus 68 digunakan untuk pelumasan terhadap gearbox standar mesin. Pada umumnya tellus 68 digunakan pada gearbox mesin frais dan bubut di polman. Tonna 68 digunakan untuk melumasi bagian yang bergesekan satu sama lain, diharapkan setelah di beri pelumas, terjadi lapisan hidrostatis sehingga komponen yang bergesekan tidak cepat mengalami keausan. Biaanya digunakan untuk bagian bagian slider pada mesin bubut ataupun frais. Shell vitrea 150 digunakan unutk pelumasan pada mesin sekrap. Pelumas, tidak selamanya berbentuk cair, ada pula yang berbentuk gel atau pada umumnya di sebut gemuk, dan ada pula yang berbentuk serbuk biasanya disebut dengan graphit.

y

Pelaksanaan pelumasan. Dalam pelaksanaan pelumasan, kami melumasi mesin frais schaublin 53N dan juga mesin bubut grazioli.

Hal yang perlu diperhatikan antara lain : Check indicator pelumas pada mesin, indicator harus menunjukan pada setengah penuh atau lebih, itu merupakan batas aman pelumasan, jika ternyata kurang, maka harus di beri tambahan pelumas. Dalam memberikan pelumasan, harus menggunakan pelumas yang sesuai supaya tidak terjadi kesalahan yang mengakibatkan mesin mengalamai gejala tidak normal seperti panas yang berlebihan dan sebagainya. Pengisian pelumas dilakukan secara bertahap dan perlahan, batas pengisian adalah sampai indikatir menunjukan di penuh.

3.5 Kalibrasi MesinKalibrasi adalah sebuah kegiatan yang bertujuan untuk memeriksa kondisi geometri mesin ataupun part mesin sehingga dapat diketahui masih layak pakai atau tidak. Ada beberapa syarat yang harus diperhatikan bila kita ingin memulai kalibrasi mesin perkakas antara lain : y Harus ada kalibrator. Kalibrator adalah alat yang digunakan untuk mengkalibrasi, kalibrator harus memiliki ketelitian yang lebih presisi dari alat yang akan di kalibrasi. Biasanya kalibrator sangat dijaga kondisinya supaya tetap valid sebagai kalibrator.

y

y

y

Harus memiliki standar yang jelas tentang hal yang akan di kalibrasi, contoh sederhananya adalah dengan memiliki format kalibrasi, sehingga operator tidak akan bingung bagian mana yang akan di kalibrasi karena telah di tentukan dalam form kalibrasi. Orang yang akan melakukan kalibrasi harus memiliki kompetensi yang cukup, dapat menggunakan alat ukur dan alat kalibrasi, dapat menggunakan mesin yang akan di kalibrasi. Mengutamakan kejujuran dalam mengerjakan kalibrasi, menuliskan hasil kalibrasi sesuai dengan hasil kalibrasi yang ada.

Berikut adalah kegiatan kalibrasiyang kami lakukan pada mesin aciera F4 :

BAB IV KESIMPULAN dan SARAN 4.1 KesimpulanDari teori dasar dan pembahasan yang telah di bahas di bab sebelumnya, maka bisa kita tarik kesimpulan bahwa : y Preventive maintenance merupakan kegiatan pemeliharaan yang berfokus kepada perawatan mesin secara berkala sesuai dengan siklus perawatan mesin yang telah terjadwal selama 1 tahun. y Ada 5 langkah yang harus di perhatikan ketika akan melakukan pembongkaran mesin yaitu : o mempelajari terlebih dahulu manual book mesin yang akan dibongkar o mempersiapkan tool kit sehingga segala kebutuhan peralatan bisa terpenuhi o melakukan kegiatan dokumentasi baik berupa foto ataupun gambar sketsa yang memperlihatkan konstruksi part mesin sebelum dan sesudah dibongkar. Hal ini bertujuan agar kita mempunyai patokan konstruksi part mesin ketika perbaikan atau pengecekan selesai dilakukan o melakukan pelabelan terhadap elemen elemen pengikat part mesin (baut dan mur) yang biasanya sering kali tertukar ketika melakukan bongkar pasang o bersikap pro aktif terhadap instruktur ataupun teman praktek ketika ada sesuatu yang tidak diketahui atau diragukan. Belajar dari kesalahan yang pernah dibuat sehingga perbaikkan untuk kedepannya

y

Pelumasan khususnya di polman, dibagi kedalam symbol warna dan simbol bentuk. Symbol warna berfungsi untuk membedakan jenis pelumas pada mesin, setiap pelumas memiliki spesifiksi tersendiri. Pelumasan khususnya di polman, dibagi kedalam symbol warna dan simbol bentuk. Symbol warna berfungsi untuk membedakan jenis pelumas pada mesin, setiap pelumas memiliki spesifiksi tersendiri

y

Kalibrasi adalah sebuah kegiatan yang bertujuan untuk memeriksa kondisi geometri mesin ataupun part mesin sehingga dapat diketahui masih layak pakai atau tidak.

y

beberapa syarat yang harus diperhatikan bila kita ingin memulai kalibrasi mesin perkakas antara lain : Harus ada kalibrator Harus memiliki standar yang jelas tentang hal yang akan di kalibrasi Orang yang akan melakukan kalibrasi harus memiliki kompetensi Mengutamakan kejujuran dalam mengerjakan kalibrasi

4.2 Sarany Dalam melaksanakan praktek preventive maintenance, kita harus bersikap pro aktif baik tehadap instruktur maupun teman. Budayakan saling memberi masukan yang positif demi perbaikan yang berkelanjutan. y Kebersihan dari pengguna mesin/ operator harus lebih di perhatikan, jagan hanya bisa menggunakan mesin, tetapi tidak bisa merawat dan memelihara mesin supaya mesin bisa dalam top performancenya. Bagian maintenance bukan membersihkan mesih, tetapi memelihara, autonomous maintenance sangat kurang, oleh karena itu perlu ditingkatkan lagi. y Melakukan pelumasan dan kalibrasi dengan hati hati dan cermat, ingat selalu langkah langkah dalam pelaksanaannya sehingga kemungkinan kesalahan yang terjadi dapat di minimalisasi.

DAFTAR PUSTAKAhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/maintenance.html http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/maintenance http://www.yourdictionary.com/maintenance http://www.thefreedictionary.com/maintenance http://www.sms-anda.com/indonesia/terjemahan/kamus-inggris-atauindonesia.php

y y y y y

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