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m 20 c Generator

Nov 08, 2015

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caterpila

  • M 20 CProject Guide Generator Set

  • mIntroduction

    Caterpillar Motoren GmbH & Co. KGP. O. Box, D-24157 KielGermanyPhone +49 431 3995-01Telefax +49 431 3995-2193

    Issue April 2007

    Information for the user of this project guide

    The project information contained in the following is not binding, since technical data of products mayespecially change due to product development and customer requests. Caterpillar Motoren reservesthe right to modify and amend data at any time. Any liability for accuracy of information providedherein is excluded.

    Binding determination of data is made by means of the Technical Specification and such other agree-ments as may be entered into in connection with the order. We will supply further binding data, draw-ings, diagrams, electrical drawings, etc. in connection with a corresponding order.

    This edition supersedes the previous edition of this project guide.

    All rights reserved. Reproduction or copying only with our prior written consent.

  • m

  • mContents

    Page

    1. Engine description 1 - 2

    2. General data and outputs 3 - 4

    3. Restrictions for low load operation 5

    4. Load application and recovery behaviour 6 - 7

    5. Technical data 8 - 9

    6. Genset dimensions and weights 10 - 13

    7. Required dimensions of generator 14

    8. Space requirement for dismantling of charge air cooler and

    turbocharger cartridge 15

    9. System connections 16

    10. Fuel oil system 17 - 30

    11. Lubricating oil system 31 - 36

    12. Cooling water system 37 - 44

    13. Flow velocities in pipes 45

    14. Starting air system 46

    15. Combustion air system 47

    16. Exhaust system 48 - 53

    17. Air borne sound power level 54

    18. Foundation 55 - 58

    19. Control and monitoring system 59 - 67

    20. Diesel engine management system DIMOS 68

    21. Standard acceptance test run 69

    22. EIAPP certificate 70

    23. Painting/Preservation 71 - 72

    24. Lifting of gensets 73

    25. Engine parts 74

  • m1

    1. Engine description

    Free end Driving end

    The M 20 C is a four stroke diesel engine, non-reversible, turbocharged and intercooled with direct fuelinjection.

    In-line engine M 20 C

    Cylinder configuration: 6, 8, 9 in-lineBore: 200 mmStroke: 300 mmStroke/Bore-Ratio: 1.5Swept volume: 9.4 l/Cyl.Output/cyl.: 170/190 kWBMEP: 24.1/24.2 barRevolutions: 900/1000 rpmMean piston speed: 9/10 m/sTurbocharging: constant pressure systemDirection of rotation: counter-clockwise,

    viewed from driving end

    Control side

    Exhaust side

    6 5 4 3 2 1 Cyl. number

  • m2

    1. Engine description

    Engine design

    - Designed for heavy fuel operation up to 700 cst./50 C, fuel grade acc. to CIMAC H55 K55, ISO 8217,1996 (E), ISO-F-RMH55 RMK55.

    - 1-piece dry engine block made of nodular cast iron. It incorporates the crankshaft bearing, cam-shaft bearing, charge air receiver, vibration damper housing and gear drive housing.

    - Underslung crankshaft with corrosion resistant main and big end bearing shells.

    - Natural hardened liners, centrifugally casted, with calibration insert.

    - Composite type pistons with steel crown and aluminium alloy skirt.

    - Piston ring set consisting of 2 chromium plated compression rings, first ring with chrom-ceramiclayer and 1 chromium plated oil scraper ring. Two ring grooves are hardened and located in thesteel crown.

    - 2-piece connecting rod, fully machined, obliquely split with serrated joint.

    - Cylinder head made of nodular cast iron with 2 inlet and 2 exhaust valves with valve rotators.Direct cooled exhaust valve seats.

    - Camshaft made of sections per cylinder allowing a removal of the pieces sideways.

    - Turbocharger with inboard plain bearings lubricated by engine lubricating system

    - No water cooling for turbocharger.

    - 2-circuit fresh water cooling system with single charge air cooler.

    - Nozzle cooling for heavy fuel operation only with engine lubricating oil.

  • m3

    2. General data and outputs

    Remark:The generator outputs are based on 95 % efficiency and a power factor of 0.8.

    Output definition

    The maximum continuous rating stated by Caterpillar Motoren refers to the following reference condi-tions according to "IACS" (International Association of Classification Societies) for main and auxiliaryengines:

    Reference conditions according to IACS (tropical conditions):air pressure 100 kPa (1 bar)air temperature 318 K (45 C)relative humidity 60 %seawater temperature 305 K (32 C)

    The permissible overload is 10 % for one hour every twelve hours. The maximum fuel rack position islimited to 110 % continuous rating.

    Fuel consumption

    The fuel consumption data refer to the following reference conditions:intake temperature 298 K (25 C)charge air temperature 318 K (45 C)charge air coolant inlet temperature 298 K (25 C)net heating value of the Diesel oil 42700 kJ/kgtolerance 5 %Specification of the fuel consumption data without fitted-on pumps; for each pump fitted on an additio-nal consumption of 1 % has to be calculated.Increased consumption under tropical conditions 3 g/kWh

    900 rpm / 60 Hz 1000 rpm / 50 Hz

    EnginekWm

    GeneratorkWe

    EnginekWm

    GeneratorkWe

    6 M 20 C 1020 969 1140 1083

    8 M 20 C 1360 1292 1520 1444

    9 M 20 C 1530 1453 1710 1624

  • m4

    Lubricating oil consumption

    Actual data can be taken from the technical data.

    Nitrogen oxide emissions (NOx-values)

    NOx-limit values according to MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI: 11.5/11.3 g/kWh at 900/1000 rpm

    Generator according to cycle D2: 10.5/10.0 g/kWh at 900/1000 rpm

    General installation aspect:

    Inclination angles at which gensets and essential aux. machinery is to operate satisfactorily:

    Heel to each side: 15Rolling to each side: + 22,5Trim by head and stern: 5Pitching: + 7,5

    2. General data and outputs

  • m5

    3. Restrictions for low load operation

    The engine can be started, stopped and run on heavy fuel oil under all operating conditions.

    The HFO system of the engine remains in operation and keeps the HFO at injection viscosity. The tem-perature of the engine injection system is maintained by circulating hot HFO and heat losses are com-pensated.The lube oil treatment system (lube oil separator) remains in operation, the lube oil is separated con-tinuously.The operating temperature of the engine cooling water is maintained by the cooling water preheater.Below 25 % output heavy fuel operation is neither efficient nor economical.A change-over to diesel oil is recommended to avoid disadvantages as e.g. increased wear and tear,contamination of the air and exhaust gas systems and increased contamination of lube oil.

    Cleaning run of engine

    1 h 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 24 h

    PE %

    100

    70

    5040

    30

    20

    15

    10

    8

    6

    HFO-operation

    3 h 2 1 h 30 min 15 min 0

    Cleaning run after partial load operation

    Load increase periodapprox. 15 min.

    Restricted HFO-operation

    Emergency start in the event of black out

    Emergency start with gravity feed fuel from the diesel oil day tank is possible.The bottom edge of the diesel oil day tank has to be arranged approx. 4 m above injection pump level.

  • m6

    4. Load application and recovery behaviour

    Example: 6 M 20 C, 1140 kW, 1000 rpm, bmep = 24.2 bar

    1. max. load from 0 % to 33 % MCR2. max. load from 33 % to 55 % MCR3. max. load from 54 % to 75 % MCR4. max. load from 75 % to 100 % MCR

    The permissible load increase according to ISO 8528-5 and IACS must be carried out in several steps,depending on the mean effective pressure. The ships network must be designed so that this permissi-ble load increase is kept. The shipyard is to provide the approval of the responsible classificationsociety in time before classification acceptance of the engine.

    Reference values for load steps, depending on bmep at continuous rating

    BMEP at cont. rating of diesel engine

    [bar]

    6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28

    Limiting curve for1st load step

    Limiting curve for2nd load step

    Limiting curve for3rd load step

    100

    90

    80

    70

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

    [%]

    Load

    incr

    ease

    ref

    erre

    d to

    con

    tinuo

    us r

    atin

    g

    4. load step

    3. load step

    2. load step

    1. load step

  • m7

    4. Load application and recovery behaviour

    Standard settings:

    - Droop 4 %- Fuel rack 110 %- Speed setting range + 5 %

    Standard speed governor, make RE, type 1102, equipped with:

    - Speed setting motor (24 V DC/100 % continuous duty) for a setting speed of 4 - 8 sec/Hz- Start fuel limiter- Shut-down solenoid (24 V DC/100 % continuous duty) for remote stop (not for automatic engine

    stop)- Infinitely adjustable from the outside at the governor, 0 - 10 % droop

    Option for DE-drive only: RE, Viking 25 electronic governor

    Recovery behaviour after load increase based on reference values for load steps as well as unloading.

  • m8

    5. Technical data(preliminary)

    Cylinder 6 8 9 Performance data Maximum continous rating acc. ISO 3046/1 kW 1020 1140 1360 1520 1530 1710

    Speed rpm 900 1000 900 1000 900 1000 Minimum speed rpm 280 300 280 300 280 300 Brake mean effektive pressure bar 24.06 24.2 24.06 24.2 24.06 24.2 Charge air pressure bar 3.1 3.25 2.9 3.25 3.1 3.3 Compression pressure bar 145 145 145 Firing pressure bar 180 180 1