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Liturgical calendar

Jan 12, 2015



It includes the seasons and definition of Liturgical Calendar and the meaning of the different colors. It also includes about the Advent wreath.

  • 1. O Just as a typical calendar has twelve months,fifty-two weeks, and 365 days that includeholidays and days that are just "average," theLiturgical Year Calendar of the Church usessimilar terms and measurements.O The Liturgical Year is also marked by specialseasonsAdvent, Christmas, Lent, The Triduum orThree Days, Easter, and Ordinary Time. TheLiturgical Year begins on the first Sunday ofAdvent, which usually occurs around thebeginning of December or the end of November,and ends on the feast of Christ the King.O However, the purpose of the Liturgical YearCalendar is not to mark the passage of time,

2. O Liturgies celebrated during thedifferent seasons of the liturgicalyear have distinctive music andspecific readings, prayers, andrituals. All of these work togetherto reflect the spirit of theparticular season. The colors ofthe vestments that the priest wearsduring the liturgy also help 3. White, the color of joy and victory, is used forthe seasons of Easter and Christmas. It is alsoused for the feasts of Our Lord, for feasts ofMary, the angels, and for saints who are notmartyrs. Gold may also be used on solemnoccasions. 4. Red (the color of blood) is used on days when wecelebrate the passion of Jesus on Passion Sundayand Good Friday. It is also used for the birthdayfeasts of the apostles and evangelists and for thecelebrations of martyrs. Red (the color of fire)recalls the Holy Spirit and is used on Pentecostand for the sacrament of Confirmation. 5. Green, seen everywhere in plants and trees,symbolizes life and hope and is used duringOrdinary Time. 6. The colors violet or purple in Advent help us toremember that we are preparing for the comingof Christ. Lent, the season of penance andrenewal, also uses the colors violet or purple. 7. Rose may be used on the Third Sunday of Advent,Gaudete Sunday, and on the Fourth Sunday of Lent,Laetare Sunday. It expresses the joy ofanticipation for Christmas and Easter,respectively 8. O The liturgical cycle divides the year into a series of seasons, each withtheir own mood, theological emphases, and modes of prayerO This determines the ff: o different ways of decorating churches o colors of Paraments and Vestments for clergy o scriptural readings o themes for preaching and even different traditions and practicesoften observed personally or in the home o In churches that follow the liturgical year, the scripture passagesfor each Sunday (and even each day of the year in some traditions)are specified by a list called a lectionary.O AdventO ChristmasO Ordinary Time or Time after EpiphanyO LentO Easter TriduumO Easter SeasonO Ordinary Time, Time after Pentecost, Time after Trinity, or Kingdomtide 9. 1.) Advent-the time of joyful preparation for thetwofold coming of the Lord; the first in Bethlehemand the second at the end of the times. Season ofpreparation and waiting. Color:Violet2.) Christmas- the time of celebration of the birth ofJesus. It ends on the feast of the Baptism of Jesus. Color: White3.)a.) Ordinary Time(short)- the Church celebrates themany feasts of the Saints.b.)Ordinary time(long)- the time of the liturgical yearthat lies outside the seasons of Lent-Easter and 10. 4.) Lenten Season- the time of conversion and preparation for theEaster by means of 40 days of prayer, fasting and almsgiving. Itbegins on the Ash Wednesday.Lent means springColor: Violet5.) Easter Triduum- the time of celebration of the Passion, Deathand Resurrection of our Lord. The holiest 3 days of the ChurchYear during Holy week. It begins with the Mass of the LordsSupper on Holy Thursday and ends with the Evening Prayer onEaster Sunday.a.) Holy Thursday- last meal of Jesus with the Apostles.- washing of the feet of the Apostles by Jesusb.) Good Friday-the suffering and death of Jesus. -the Church initiates new members through theSacrament of Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist 11. 6.) Easter Season- the time of celebration of theResurrection and Ascension of the Lord. as wellas the coming of the Holy Spirit and the beginningof the Church. The season lasts for 50 days, fromEaster Sunday until Pentecost. Color:White 12. Feasts and Events in The Liturgical Calendar 13. Advent Season Gaudete SundayCelebrated during the 3rd Sunday of Advent 14. Christmas Season Christmas Day the day we celebrate the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ.Mary, Mother of God On the 8th day, Marys child wascircumcised and was named Jesus.EpiphanyThe 3 Wise Men came to the manger and presented theinfant Jesus with gold, frankincense and myrrh. Baptism of Christ Christ was baptized in the River Jordan by his cousin, John the Baptist 15. Lenten Season Ash Wednesday From dust we are created and to dust we shall be 16. Holy WeekPalm Sunday The grand entrance of Jesus Christ into JerusalemMaundy Thursday The celebration of the Last Supper of Christwith his apostles. 17. O The Advent wreath is a circular garland of evergreenbranches representing eternity. On that wreath, fivecandles are typically arranged. Each candle representsan aspect of the spiritual preparation for the coming ofthe Lord, Jesus Christ.O Advent wreaths are used by millions of Christiansworldwide to mark the passing of the season of Adventand to symbolize the many ideas and hopes present in thecelebration of the birth of Christ.O The meaning of the Advent wreath involves the light andhope that will come with Christmas. The meaning behindthe lighting of a new candle on the Advent wreath eachweek symbolizes the anticipation of Christians awaitingChrists birth and the salvation He will bring tobelievers. 18. O Wreath It is always in O Evergreens -Thesetheform ofbranches, as the namea circle. Since a circleindicates,are"everhas no beginning and no green" -- ever alive. Theyend, it is a symbol for are symbolic of Christ,God, Who is eternal and Who died, but Who is alive,without beginning or end. never to die again. -It also symbolize our souls immortality. Christ came into the world to give us never-ending life. 19. O Red holly berries - ItO Violet Candle- representssymbolizes the blood shed Christ for mankind. TheyO Pink Candle- symbolizesremind us that Christ cameinto this world to die for us joy.and redeem us. It is throughO Central Candle( Christthe shedding of His blood Candle)- representsthat we have eternal life.Christ himself who isborn to save people fromtheir sins.O Blue Bowl- It reminds us ofthe Virgin Mary. It should beput at the base of eachcandle or in the wreathitself. 20. First Sunday of Advent -the first purple candle is lit. It istypically called the "Prophecy Candle" and it representshope or expectation in anticipation of the coming Messiah. Second Sunday of Advent -the second purple candle is lit.It is typically called the "Bethlehem Candle" and itrepresents love. Third Sunday of Advent -the pink candle is lit. It iscustomarily called the "Shepherds Candle" and itrepresents joy. Fourth Sunday of Advent -the last purple candle is lit. Itoftentimes called the "Angels Candle" and it representspeace.