2. Light and Sound
3. Part 1 Properties of Light
At this speed it can go around the world 8 times in one second. 5.
2)When a starting pistol is fired we see the smoke first and then hear the bang. 6.
Aluminousobject is one that produces light. Anon-luminousobject is one that reflects light. Luminous objects Reflectors 8.
Shadows are places where light is blocked: Rays of light 9. Properties of Light summary
10. Part 2 - Reflection
Incident ray Normal Reflected ray Angle of incidence Angle of reflection Mirror 11.
Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection In other words, light gets reflected from a surface at ____ _____ angle it hits it. The same !!! 12. Clear vs. Diffuse Reflection
Rough, dull surfaces have adiffusereflection. Diffuse reflectionis when light is scattered in different directions 13. Using mirrors
1) A periscope 2) A car headlight 14. Colour
We can demonstrate this by splitting white light with a prism: This is how rainbows are formed: sunlight is split up by raindrops. 15. The colours of the rainbow:
16. Adding colours
Adding blue and red makes magenta (purple) Adding blue and green makes cyan (light blue) Adding all three makes white again Adding red and green makes yellow 17. Seeing colour
For example, a red book only reflects red light: White light Only red light is reflected Homework 18. A white hat would reflect all seven colours: A pair of purple trousers would reflect purple light(and red and blue, as purple is made up of red and blue): Purple light White light 19. Using coloured light
White light Shorts look blue Shirt looks red 20.
Red light Shirt looks red Shorts look black Blue light Shirt looks black Shorts look blue 21. Some further examples: Object Colour of light Colour object seems to be Red socks Red Red Blue Black Green Black Blue teddy Red Black Blue Green Green camel Red Blue Green Magenta book Red Blue Green Homework 22. Using filters
Red Filter Magenta Filter 23. Investigating filters Colour of filter Colours that could be seen Red Green Blue Cyan Magenta Yellow 24. Red Magenta White Yellow Blue Green Cyan 25. Refraction Refraction is when waves ____ __ or slow down due to travelling in a different _________.A medium is something that waves will travel through.When a pen is placed in water it looks like this: In this case the light rays are slowed down by the water and are _____, causing the pen to look odd.The two mediums in this example are ______ and _______. Words speed up, water, air, bent 26. 27. 28. Sound The basics We hear things when theyvibrate .If something vibrates with ahigh frequency(vibrates very ______) we say it has a_____pitch. If something vibrates with alow frequency(vibrates ______) we say it has a____pitch. The lowest frequency I could hear was Words slowly, low, high, quickly 29. Drawing sounds This sound wave has a_____ frequency : This sound wave has a___ _frequency : 30. Drawing sounds This sound wave has a_____ amplitude(loud): This sound wave has a_____ amplitude(quiet): 31. Hearing problems
32. Other sound effects
33. The Ear Label your diagram with the following: These bones are vibrated by the eardrumThis tube carries the sound towards the eardrum This part is used to help us keep our balance This part picks up the vibrations This part of the ear contains many small hairs with turn vibrations into an electrical signal This part connects the ear to the mouth This part channels the sound towards the ear drum 34. The Ear