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Life at the turn of the twentieth century

Feb 22, 2016




Chapter 5, Section 3. Life at the turn of the twentieth century. NEW IMMIGRANTS. U.S. = “a nation of immigrants” Between 1800 and 1880, more than 10 million immigrants came to the U.S. (mostly from northern and western Europe; China). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Life at the turn of the twentieth century

Life at the turn of the twentieth centuryChapter 5, Section 3

NEW IMMIGRANTSU.S. = a nation of immigrants

Between 1800 and 1880, more than 10 million immigrants came to the U.S. (mostly from northern and western Europe; China).

Between 1880 and 1910, a new wave of immigrants: some 18 million

New ImmigrantsMostly from southern and eastern Europe, including Greece, Italy, Poland, Russia

America became even more diverse , culturally and religiously (including Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Jewish)

By 1901, 1 in 7 AmericansReasons for coming to America-Search for a better life-Escape religious persecution-Desperate poverty

ELLIS ISLAND opened in New York 1892 some 12 millions Europeans passed throughANGEL ISLAND San Francisco immigrants from Asia

REACTIONS TO IMMIGRANTSNativists people born in America who saw immigrants as a threat

West Coast: prejudice directed against Asians Chinese Exclusion Act passed by Congress in 1882 to ban immigration of Chinese

Americanization teaching immigrants English, American history and governmentURBAN LIFE IN AMERICALate 1800s cities changed dramatically

Buildings became taller (skyscraper) mechanized elevator city parks

HOW DIFFERENT CLASSES LIVEDWEALTHY: made money in business and industry huge homes

MIDDLE CLASS: corporate employees and professionals

WORKING CLASS: most people in cities lived in poverty in tenements (run-down apartments without indoor plumbing)Popular SongsDaisy, Daisy, give me your answer, do, I'm half crazy all for the love of you.It won't be a stylish marriage I can't afford a carriage, But you'd look sweet upon the seat Of a bicycle built for two. Settlement House MovementReform movement begun in Great Britain

Place where immigrants could learn English and receive job-training

Hull House, founded in Chicago by Jane Addams in 1889

social gospel faith expressed by good worksPOLITICAL SCANDAL & REFORMPolitical Machine professional politicianscontrolling local government favors in exchange for votes often corrupt

Political bosses leaders

Tammany Hall political machine in New York City run by Boss Tweed 1871 he was convicted of fraud and sent to prison Political ScandalPolitical corruption extended all the way to Washington

U. S. Grant became president in 1869 but scandals marred his presidency

Republican party split 1880 reformers chose James A. Garfield as candidate his successor, Chester Arthur, supported reforms(Pendleton Civil Service Act, 1883)Farmers Reform MovementsHard times for farmers in late 1800s crop prices falling; farmers in debt

Organized: Order of Patrons of Husbandry (National Grange)

Wanted Congress to regulate railroad rates: Interstate Commerce Act, 1887Silver vs. Gold1873 Congress put U.S. dollar on gold standard (dollar could be redeemed only for gold) this reduced money in circulation and hurt farmers (who wanted money backed by silver)

Farmers Alliance wanted government to print more money

Election of 1896Populist Party: farmers, labor leaders, reformers

Panic of 1893: stock prices fell, millions lost jobs

1896 Presidential election: Republican William McKinley (for gold) vs. William Jennings Bryan (for silver)

William Jennings Bryan

we will answer their demand for a goldstandard by saying to them: You shall notpress down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold

Segregation & DiscriminationJim Crow Laws some southern state legislatures passed law to create and enforce segregation in public places:railroad cars restaurants schools

Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896: Supreme Court upheld segregation laws


DiscriminationEven worse than laws and court decisionslynching

Opposing discrimination:Booker T. Washington believed blacks should accept segregation and improve situation through acquiring skillsW. E. B. DuBoise wanted to end segregation immediately - NAACP

Others facing discrimination:HISPANICS: some had strong anti-Mexican feelings

ASIAN AMERICANS: some Japanese and Chinese Americans lived in segregated neighborhoods

NATIVE AMERICANS: government tried to stamp out their culture life on reservation hard

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