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Lake Whatcom Management Program

Jan 17, 2016




Lake Whatcom Management Program. Annual Program Review. Today’s Objectives. Demonstrate scope and progress of LWMP work Review problem, causes and solutions Recognize significance of community - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Annual Program Review

  • Todays ObjectivesDemonstrate scope and progress of LWMP workReview problem, causes and solutionsRecognize significance of communityAffirm the difficult decisions close at hand

  • A Brief History of Lake Whatcom ManagementA working watershed the first 150 yearsContemporary timeline 1992 to 2007Accomplishments 2008

  • First efforts to cooperatively manage watershedFirst stormwater retrofit projectLake Whatcom declared a sensitive water body, Interlocal Agreement for joint management formalizes Lake Whatcom Management Program (LWMP)Impervious surface limited for new constructionNutrient control required for large developmentsStormwater retention and treatment required for new construction and renovationFirst 5-year Management Plan is adoptedCreated Silver Beach Ordinance and Watershed/Stormwater Overlays

    The 1990s

  • Placed moratorium on land divisions smaller than five acres Permanently restricted building on over 1,200 lots in Sudden Valley1,400 potential dwelling units eliminated by downzoneClearing standards adopted for unincorporated areasInitiated TDR program moving 100 developmentAdopted second LWMP 5-Year Management PlanBanned 2-cycle boat motorsP-fertilizer banned on residential lawns and public propertiesInvested in capital improvements to reduce pollutant loads Infiltration required for new construction and redevel0pmentThe 21st Century

  • ACCOMPLISHMENTS 2008Purchased three watershed properties from developmentPursued re-conveyance of over 8,000 acres of forest landFinalized Agate Bay Preserve conservation easementImplemented City and County Stormwater PlansCoordinated a watershed build-out analysis and developed a consistent methodology for future analysisCoordinated household hazardous waste collection resulting in over 11 tons of toxics removed

  • ACCOMPLISHMENTS 2008Collected and presented monitoring dataChronicled land-use regulations that improve water qualityImplemented new septic system maintenance regulationsSurveyed illicit dischargesResponded to Total Maximum Daily Load Technical ReportCompleted Northridge retrofit and Northshore Drive projectEstablished/extended moratoria on subdivisions and buildingInitiated pilot projects on P-Best Management Practices

  • Turning Plans into Action

    Cable Street Vault InstallationRetention Pit Installation in Sudden Valley

  • Northridge sand filter / detention pondTurning Plans into Action

  • North Shore Drive pervious bike laneCable Street infiltration swaleCity/County Capital Expenditures:$5M over last six years$9M next six years

    Cost of Stormwater Infrastructure

  • Problems Causes Solutions Success

  • The Problemsphosphorus, algal blooms, dissolved oxygen, bacteria, metals, petroleum products, dissolved solids &amount and timing of runoff

  • The Causesanimal waste, failing septics, yard waste, P-fertilizer, detergents, erosion, improper land-disturbance, atmospheric deposition, impervious surfaces, inadequate facilities

  • The Solutionsstormwater management plansLWMP Annual Work PlanTMDL Implementation Planland-use compliancetargeted land acquisitionincentive programsoutreach, outreach, outreach

  • TMDL: What is it and what does it mean?Department of Ecology determined that Lake Whatcom suffers from chronically low dissolved oxygen and elevated fecal coliform bacteria. Total Maximum Daily Load are the amounts of P and FC that the lake can receive and still meet water quality standards. An implementation plan must be prepared, approved and acted on.Insufficient action means non-compliance with State permits, fines and exposure to litigation.

  • What is success?Removing pollutant sources AND appropriately converting storm water conveyance to infiltration.A cleaner and more predictable water supply

    healthy ecosystems

  • Success isconvincing people that things must change in order that our expectations for future quality of life can remain the same

  • Management Tools 1:Source Reduction

    P-Fertilizer use (P)Animal waste (P, FC)Yard waste/compost (P)Cleaning products (P)Failing Septics (P, FC)Stream bank stabilization (P)Shoreline management (P, FC)Exposed soil (P)

  • Management Tools 2a:Stormwater ManagementFor the Homeowner and Developer:Residential LID optionsHomeowner retrofit programsIncentivesOutreach, outreach, outreach

  • Management Tools 2b:North Shore Drive Pervious Bike LaneCable Street Bio-infiltration SwaleStormwater Infrastructure

  • Management Tools 3PeopleGovernments can build infrastructure and create incentives, but ultimately the effort MUST HAVE COMMUNITY BUY IN

    Conduct targeted outreach Empower community championsProvide technical assistanceDevelop incentives

  • Executive Management TeamCity CouncilCounty CouncilWater & Sewer District CommissionersICT &Staff Teams OSS inspection Water Supply Waste Water Solid Waste Lake Whatcom website Pledge Program Stewardship Incentives Sudden Valley education & outreach COB Stormwater Plan WC Stormwater Plan LID Programs Watershed EnforcementPermit Review Development Tracking

    Transportation Planning

    WC & State Health, WC PW, COB PW, DOE, WWU Development Rights Programs City Acquisition Program) ReconveyanceUtilities and Waste Management

    Land PreservationStormwater ManagementUrbanization & Land DevelopmentData MgmtCommunity OutreachTransportation Urbanization/Development Team Enforcement Team Data Management Team Stormwater TeamTransportation TeamEducation Team

  • 2009 LWMP WORK PLANPrepare TMDL Implementation PlanImplement stormwater plansAdvance programmatic effortsSecure funding

    New 2010-2014 LWMP 5-yr Management Plan will be developed in 2009. It will reflect early actions of TMDL response plan.

  • Work Plan Additions 2009Silver Beach Creek Phosphorus Reduction Pilot ProjectInteragency review of raingarden efficacy Refine Low Impact Development programPursue animal waste management through Conservation Program on Agricultural Lands (CPAL) and outreachRefine education and community outreach strategy, techniques and messagesEnhance compliance program for septic system maintenance

  • 2009 HighlightSilver Beach Creek Pilot ProjectShowcase key management tools in the highest priority urban watershedPromote community acceptance of stormwater facilities and stewardship messagesDemonstrate rapid, scaleable deployment of stormwater programsStimulate public dialog about benefits of stormwater management

  • Project ComponentsBio-infiltration facility at Lahti DriveRetention pond retrofitSilver Beach Creek bank stabilizationTargeted homeowner Low Impact Development (LID) and retrofit optionsCompliance /education program for regulated phosphorus and bacterial sourcesMonitor water quality improvements in Silver Beach Creek and Lake Whatcom

  • The Long ViewTMDL response will renew focus on:Stewardship changes (animal waste, car washing, composting, LID, incentives)Existing storm water plansLand-use regulations (e.g., zoning, redevelopment, retrofits)Engineering standards (private and public construction)Capital facilitiesFundingCommunity championsCooperation and collaborationLeadership


  • Photos of recent work: Source reduction acquisition map; Stormwater mgmt Northshore project; People Silver Beach demonstration projectVehicle for implementation is LWMP 5-yr work plan [this gets covered on next slidesave this discussion?]Currently at last yearDiscussion about particulars of 2009 work plan and subsequent adoption by individual boards will follow Joint Council meeting

    Add photo examples of managements problemsan easy to understand graph of declining DO periodAdd photos*Actual policy questions?*

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