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Kristin Mike Olvina Santigo Cassie Carlson Travis Langolf LP5- Ethical Theories Presentation Performance Assessment Task 6 10/27/2009

Dec 16, 2015

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  • Slide 1
  • Kristin Mike Olvina Santigo Cassie Carlson Travis Langolf LP5- Ethical Theories Presentation Performance Assessment Task 6 10/27/2009
  • Slide 2
  • Summary of Justice or Fairness Approach Focuses on how fairly or unfairly our actions distribute benefits and burdens among the members of a group. Fairness requires consistency in the way people are treated. http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/approach. html http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/approach. html
  • Slide 3
  • Summary of Justice or Fairness Approach The principle states: "Treat people the same unless there are morally relevant differences between them." Examples of what is offered as morally justifiable reasons for treating people differently: need, merit, effort, fault, etc.
  • Slide 4
  • Justice and Fairness Example: http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/justice.html
  • Slide 5
  • Who Influenced the Development of Justice and Fairness?
  • Slide 6
  • Individual that contributed to the Fairness and Justice approach: John Rawls-Harvard philosopher (1921-2002 ) developed a conception of justice as fairness in his now classic work A Theory of Justice. He was one of the most important political philosophers in the late 20th century. http://homepage.newschool.edu/het/profiles/rawls.htm
  • Slide 7
  • Individual that contributed to the Fairness or Justice approach: Rawls proposed the idea of "original position", a mental exercise whereby a group of rational people must establish a principle of fairness (such as distribution of income) without knowing beforehand where on the resulting pecking order they will end up themselves. http://homepage.newschool.edu/het/profiles/rawls.ht m http://homepage.newschool.edu/het/profiles/rawls.ht m
  • Slide 8
  • Individual that influenced the theory: Rawls used this device to argue that the optimal arrangement will be to "maximize the welfare of society's worse-off member", which effectively justifies an egalitarian "no-substitution" social welfare function.
  • Slide 9
  • Individual that contributed to the justice and fairness approach: Rawls employs a number of thought experiments including the famous veil of ignoranceto determine what constitutes a fair agreement in which "everyone is impartially situated as equals," in order to determine principles of social justice. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rawls Page 144, Text, Weston
  • Slide 10
  • First criticism of Justice and Fairness approach: Robert Norzick Author of Anarchy State and Utopia Construed as a response to Rawls A Theory of Justice http: enwikipedia.org/wiki/anarchy,_state,_and_utopia
  • Slide 11
  • Veil of ignorance Criticize it for being similar to Utilitarianism http://www.2sunysuffolk.edu/pecorip/scccweb/in tro_text/ http://www.2sunysuffolk.edu/pecorip/scccweb/in tro_text/ chapter%208%20ethics/justice_as_fairness.ht m
  • Slide 12
  • Current ethical dilemma: Justice is the first virtue of Institutions - John Rawls-
  • Slide 13
  • 2 nd Ethical Dilemma Employer fights to withhold compensation Speeding officer References: Penslar Robinl, 1995. Research Ethics: cases and materials. Bloomington:Indiana University Press www.biodavidson.edu/people/kabern/indep.../theories.ht m www.biodavidson.edu/people/kabern/indep.../theories www.lldocsouth.unc.edu/H-0239/excerps
  • Slide 14
  • Questions to think about:
  • Slide 15
  • Review questions: 1) The Greek philosopher Aristotle said that equals should be treated equally and unequals unequally. Do you agree or disagree with that statement? Why?
  • Slide 16
  • Review Question 2 2) How would you use Justice and Fairness in your life? Explain?