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John locke (2)

Jun 20, 2015

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pedagogy. john locke

  • 1. John LockePhilosopher (16321704)ISABEL CARDONASEBASTIN GOMEZ

2. John Locke, born on August 29, 1632, inWrington, Somerset, England, went toWestminster school and then Christ Church,University of Oxford. At Oxford he studiedmedicine, which would play a central role inhis life. He became a highly influentialphilosopher, writing about such topics aspolitical philosophy, epistemology, andeducation. Locke's writings helped foundmodern Western philosophy. 3. His theories concerning theseparation of Church and State,religious freedom, and liberty, notonly influenced European thinkerssuch as the French Enlightenmentwriter, Voltaire, but shaped thethinking of America's founders,from Alexander Hamilton toThomas Jefferson. 4. Pedagogical theoryEDUCATION MAKES THE MANLocke posits an "empty" minda tabularasathat is "filled" by experience.THEORY OF THE SELF.That is, the "associations of ideas" madewhen young are more significant than thosemade when mature because they are thefoundation of the self 5. Locke's emphasis on the role ofexperience in the formation of themind and his concern with falseassociations of ideas has led many tocharacterise his theory of mind aspassive rather than active 6. Body and mindLocke advises parents to carefully nurture theirchildren's physical "habits" before pursuing theiracademic education.this seemingly simple generic innovation hasproven to be one of Locke's most enduringlegaciesWestern child-rearing manuals are stilldominated by the topics of food and sleep. 7. Virtue and reasonHe defines virtue as a combination of self-denialand rationality: "that a man is able to denyhimself his own desires, cross his own inclinations,and purely follow what reason directs as best,though the appetite lean the other wayLocke was convinced that children could reasonearly in life and that parents should address themas reasoning beings. 8. Academic curriculumEducation is about instilling virtue and whatWestern educators would now call critical-thinkingskills.Locke maintains that parents or teachers must firstteach children how to learn and to enjoy learningLocke's curricular recommendations reflect thebreak from scholastic humanism and theemergence of a new kind of educationoneemphasising not only science but also practicalprofessional training. 9. PhilosophyLocke examines the nature of thehuman mind and the process bywhich it knows the world. Repudiatingthe traditional doctrine of innateideas, Locke believed that the mind isborn blank, a tabula rasa upon whichthe world describes itself through theexperience of the five senses. 10. Political TheoryContradicting Thomas Hobbes, Lockebelieved that the original state ofnature was happy and characterizedby reason and tolerance. In that stateall people were equal andindependent, and none had a rightto harm another's "life, health, liberty,or possessions." 11. Ethical TheoryLocke based his ethical theories uponbelief in the natural goodness ofhumanity. The inevitable pursuit ofhappiness and pleasure, whenconducted rationally, leads tocooperation, and in the long runprivate happiness and the generalwelfare coincide. 12. Los hombres olvidan siempreque la felicidad humana esuna disposicin de la mente yno una condicin de lascircunstancias.John Locke 1632-1704.

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