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  • 2/28/14 Japanese import FM tuner conversion | My Blog

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    My Blog

    Thoughts, projects, hacks and whatever else springs to mind

    Japanese import FM tuner conversion

    28 MARCH 2010 36 COMMENTS(HTTP://NZLAMB.WORDPRESS.COM/2010/03/28/JAPANESE-IMPORT-FM-TUNER-CONVERSION/#COMMENTS)

    This post describes how to modify a McIntosh PF-2142I (often but incorrectly referred to as PF-21421)

    JDM car radio to natively tune from 87.5-108MHz as used in most countries around the world. This

    model of radio is fitted as standard equipment in many JDM Subaru Legacy and Outback carsmanufactured between 1998 and 2003.

    Most Japanese domestic market import car radios are designed to tune from 76-90MHz which means

    they will not work natively in any other country. You can of course buy a so-called band expander but

    these usually result in nasty RF harmonics, poor reception and reduced sound quality. They also stillrestrict you to a 14MHz segment of the 20MHz public FM band and dont display the correct

    frequency on the radio. This modification allows the radio to tune local station and display the correct

    frequency without the need for a band expander!

    Update: Ive also added a more generic guide here (http://nzlamb.wordpress.com/2010/07/02/a-guide-to-hacking-japanese-car-radios/).

    The information here certainly applies to virtually any Clarion or McIntosh JDM radio using a Clarion80-2082AT tuner module. Ive also successfully applied this to the Clarion PF-1572I and PF-2143I aswell. Most minidisc players are designed specifically for the JDM only and cannot be modified.

    This modification works because Clarion (and other manufacturers) often produce a base head unitdesign for the international market. The FM band it can tune is simply set by using a specific tunermodule and setting the right jumpers to match. While Im sure Im not the first person to have figured

    this out, I dare say its the first time someone had decided to publish this information freely on theinternet!

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/before_modification.jpg)

    What you need:

    #0 Philips screwdriver

    Small flat blade screwdriverFine tipped, temperature controlled soldering ironFile solderDesoldering toolDesoldering wickSmall side cutters

    4x Sanyo SVC203 varicaps (available from Farnell (http://www.farnell.com) and other suppliers)Suitable plug to connect power, etc to the stereoExperience with SMD soldering

    If you are modding a McIntosh like this one you will also need a suitable amplifier for bench testing asthe stereo does not have one inside it. Any type will do; simply use pins 1 and 3 for audio and 6 forground on the 13-pin audio output connector.

    Disassembly

    Remove the top screw and pry the top cover off using flat screwdriver in each of the four slots. Do thesame for the bottom cover.

    Remove the volume and fader knobs followed by front panel. It is attached via two black clips on each

    side. Use a small flat screwdriver to push these inwards and carefully slide the panel off. Try to do thisevenly to avoid damaging the connectors.

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/front-panel-clips.jpg)

    Disconnect the ribbon cable from the front then remove the four screws holding the CD player modulein. These are the top two screws on each side of the unit. Lift the CD player out from the top.

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/cd-player-screws.jpg)

    Remove the screw from the each side of the lower rear panel. Leave the panel in place for now.

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/rear-

    panel2.jpg)

    Remove the remaining two screws on each side of the unit. The outer sides and upper rear panel shouldnow lift off the base in one piece.

    Undo the four screws holding the cassette desk in and carefully lift it out.

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/cassette-

    deck.jpg) (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/cassette-removed.jpg)

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    Modifications

    Locate the area selection jumpers. Move the jumper shown in the photo to select area 2 (NZ and mostother countries). Move the jumper to the right instead instead to select area 1 (North America). The rest

    of the modification is the same regardless of area.

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/jumper-

    before.jpg)

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/jumper-after.jpg)

    Desolder and remove the metal bracket that runs across the middle of the PCB.

    Desolder and remove the tuner module. This is quite difficult and time consuming! You may need toloosen the volume pot in order to get the tuner out.

    Replace the four varicaps on the tuner PCB with SVC203 types. The original varicaps usually bear the

    marking V4 or F0.

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/varicaps.jpg)

    Desolder the tuner shield and remove it.

    Locate the small black coil shown in the photo and desolder it.

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/tuner-

    coil.jpg)

    Note that it has three terminals; only two are used. Cut the wire leading to the top of the coil andremove one and a half turns. Solder the wire to the previously unused terminal. Solder the coil back in

    place. The photo below shows the modified coil installed back into the tuner.

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/tuner-coil-after.jpg)

    Reattach and solder the shield to the tuner. Install the tuner back onto the main board.

    Testing and Adjusting

    Im not exactly a radio buff so heres how to adjust the radio the kludgy way without any fancy testinstruments! If you are a bit more clued up in this area you might have a better way of doing this.

    Attach the front panel being careful not to damage the two connectors. It should sit in place withoutany additional support but be careful not to knock it.

    Connect power, an amplifier and an antenna to the stereo and confirm that the FM tuner now searchesthe frequency range you expected. Try auto seeking for an FM station. The tuner should do thisquickly but may not lock onto a station by itself at this stage. If it suddenly slows down you need toretune the coil in the tuner as described in the previous section. Remove more winding to shift the

    reception up the band.

    If all is well tune manually into a local station and confirm it sounds OK and gets stereo reception.

    Mark the position of the top coil indicated in the photo. Tune into a known weak station. Slowly adjustthe coil until the signal appears to be at its peak. You will probably find this is close to its maximumclockwise position. Be careful not to over tighten it as it is very easy to damage; the moment you feel

    the slightest change in resistance on the screwdriver you have reached the maximum.

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    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/coils.jpg)

    Now try seeking stations. You may find this works OK for strong stations at the lower end of the bandand then gives up. Use a small plastic object to widen the gap of the lower coil marked in the photo. Dothis in small increments until the radio seeks properly across the entire band (or as much as possible).

    Once down, power cycle the radio and confirm it still appears to operate at its peak performance andthat the stereo indicator comes on when you tune into a sufficiently strong station.

    Once you are happy with the radios performance, take a moment to rework the solder joints where themetal chassis components are soldered to the PCB, and also the joins on and around Q408, Q423 andQ424 as these can often crack a little over time.

    Finally Id recommend checking that all of the features (CD player, controls, backlight, etc) still workas expected before installing it into a car!

    (http://nzlamb.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/after-modification.jpg)

    If you install the modified radio into a Japanese import car the reception may not be as good as you

    would get from a car produced for the local market. This is because the antennas in JDM cars areusually tuned for the 76-90MHz range and often use horizontal polarisation.

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    LP-2020A+ Lepai Tripath Class-T Hi-Fi $34.99$18.02

    FILED UNDER CAR AUDIO, HACKS, HOW TO TAGGED WITH CAR AUDIO, CLARION,HACKS, MCINTOSH, MODS, SUBARU

    36 Responses to Japanese import FM tuner conversion

    Perry says:15 June 2010 at 00:19i have on hand a EF-1080I, i not own subaru. if you know can tell me green connector pins layoutspeakers/power..etc. Thanks so much!

    Replynzlamb says:17 June 2010 at 22:52See this p