Jan 06, 2018
Irregular T Commands
Affirmative T CommandsYou already know how to give affirmative commands to someone you address as t:
You take the 3rd person form of the verb. Comer = come!
Negative T CommandsYou remember that in order to give a negative command, we have 3 steps.1. Put the verb in the yo form2. Change the o ending to -as for er and ir verbs-es for ar verbs 3. Put no in front of the verb.
Negative T CommandsExamples: HablarComer EscribirHabloComo EscriboHablesComas EscribasNo hablesNo comas No escribas
Irregular T CommandsIn Spanish, some verbs have irregular commands.
We will begin with verbs that are regular in the positive form, but become irregular when made negative.
Irregular T CommandsVerbs that end with car, -gar, zar - car - gar -zarpracticar jugar empezartocar pagarcomenzarbuscarsacarThe negative command form of these verbs is irregular.
For verbs ending in CARIn the negative form, these verbs will end with QUES
The c changes to que to maintain the k sound.
Example: !No toques!
For verbs ending in -GARIn the negative form, these verbs will end in GUES
It is spelled with gu instead of g to keep the hard g sound.
Example: No juegues!
For verbs ending in -ZARIn the negative form, these verbs will end with CES
The z changes to c to give a harder sound.
Eample: !No empieces!
More Irregular CommandsThere are some verbs that are irregular in the positive form, the negative form, or both. For the following verbs, you will have to memorize the commands.
Irregular T Commands
VerbDefinition PositiveNegativeVenir to comeVen No vengasDecir to say; to tellDi No digasSalir to leaveSal No salgasHacer to do; to makeHaz No hagasTener to haveTen No tengasIr to goVe No vayasPoner to put; to placePon No pongasSer to be SNo seas
A Way to Remember CommandsVenDiSalHazTenVePonS
Helpful HintIf you take a look at the list of irregular verbs, you will notice that a number of them are yo-go verbs. These are verbs that in the present tense, yo form, end in go.
venir = vengotener = tengo decir = digoponer = pongosalir = salgo
Helpful HintsFor all the yo-go verbs (except hacer) you will notice that the positive command form is the yo form, minus the go.
Venir = vengo = venDecir = digo = diSalir = salgo = salTener = tengo = tenPoner = pongo = pon
Negative Form of yo-go VerbsThe yo-go verbs form the negative command the same way a regular verb is formed. Remember, first conjugate the verb in the yo form!
Example: hacer1. hagohagasNo hagas
Verbs to Keep an Eye on!Both ser and ir are irregular in the positive and negative command forms.
Ser = s (for a positive command)Ser = no seas (for a negative command)
Ir = ve (for a positive command)Ir = no vayas (for a negative command)