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Feb 23, 2016
Introduction to Greek TheatreA look into the past
Standard8.0 Students will understand context by analyzing the role of theatre in the past and the present.ObjectivesObjective 1: To recognize and identify the role that Ancient Greece played in the overall development of theatre through out history.
Objective 2: To identify and correctly use vocabulary words that are associated with Ancient Greek Theatre.
Objective 3: To research and present information on Ancient Greek Theatre to their classmates by creating posters from their research.
Structure of Greek Theatre Performed in large open air structures.The core was the orchestra or dancing place.The audience sat in the Theatron or seeing place.An alter was placed in the middle of the orchestra.
/Ikria- Wooden BenchesDancing Place
Thymele: AlterSEEING PLACELow BuildingParadoi (Singular)/Entrances to orchestraEkkyklema: a wheelbarrow for revealing dead bodies killed offstageParaskenia: Scene WallOdelon: 1st attempt to cover the space with a tarpMachina: Contraption from flys to deliver an actor (God)Amphitheatre
DionysusDionysus was the god of wine, fertility, and theatre. Dionysus was the son of Zeus.Considered the patron of the arts.Theatre was created to honor Dionysus.
City DionysiaThe festival celebrating Dionysus.All prisoners were freed.Master of Revels: person who selected the plays and the order in which they would be presented. He chose the choregoi.Choregoi: wealthy citizens who paid for playsCompeted to see who could spend the most money.
The Greek ChorusThe Ancient Greeks had a chorus of chanting and dancing men. Plays were called dithyrambic chorus and sometime included up to 50 men. They sang in story.There were no single actors (yet).They would sing in a narrative way, Dionysus did thisDionysus did that
ThespisThespis of Icaria was the first actor (534 BC). The story suggests that Thespis stepped out of the chorus and stated, I am Dionysus. I did this. He spoke as a separate character in the story.From his name derives the word Thespian meaning actor.
Greek CostumesActors wore masks and costumes.High boots (cothurnus) were often worn with robes (chiton).Masks had funnels in front to serve as a microphones.Boots, masks, & costumes, were all exaggerated to reach a large crowd.
PlaywrightsAeschylus: The 1st dramatist. Relied on the chorus and used themes of myth and religion. Introduced the 2nd actor.Sophocles: Introduced the 3rd actor. Reduced the chorus from 50 to 12. Wrote about character relationships not myth. Euripides: Plays about good vs evil. Chorus was less important and served as playwrights voice.
Tragic FlawThe flaw in a character that ultimately brings about his or her downfall.Greek Theatre projectOverview: In a group of 5, you and your team mates will use the provided information to develop a presentation on one aspect of Ancient Greek Theatre. Steps:1. Read the information individually and highlight the important points that you want to include in your presentation.2. Share what you highlighted with your group and choose what will go on the poster. 3.Decide who will perform what role. 4. Create a poster to use during your presentation. 5. Present your poster and important points to the class.
Group RolesLeader/Editor: In charge of organizing the final product of the project. That doesn't mean technical details, but of making sure that the project meets the standards set out by the instructor.Recorder/Secretary: This person takes notes and keeps track of group data. This person distributes these notes to the rest of the group highlighting sections relevant for their parts of the project.Checker: Someone needs to double-check data for accuracy and correctness.Spokesperson: This person would be responsible for the technical details of the final product and would be ready to summarize the group's progress and findings to the instructor and to the group.Facilitator/Time Keeper: This student gets discussion moving and keeps it moving, often by asking the other group members questions, and keeping the group on time.
After the assignment is complete, you will be asked to reflect on your role in the group.