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International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom Chandra Michael George Mason University
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International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Feb 25, 2016

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International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom. Chandra Michael George Mason University. Introduction. Qualitative study One goal of the (IB) program is to develop internationally minded students. IB teachers in one Fairfax County, VA public school. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Page 1: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

International Mindedness in the

International Baccalaureate Classroom

Chandra MichaelGeorge Mason University

Page 2: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Introduction

• Qualitative study • One goal of the (IB) program is to develop

internationally minded students. • IB teachers in one Fairfax County, VA public

school. • Examine teachers’ support for IB philosophies

in relation to other teaching requirements

Page 3: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

My question

With the pressure of high-stakes standardized tests (on state schools), are teachers able to make room for internationally minded curriculum?

What are the experiences of these IB teachers?

How do teachers foster international mindedness in their classrooms?

Page 4: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Participants and Setting

• Three IB MYP teachers in a middle school in Fairfax County (6-8 grade)

• “Try” to be Internationally Minded teachers• This middle school voted to implement IB

program by both the faculty and community about 10 years ago.

• The teachers at this middle school are warm to visitors and collaboration.

• Administration is highly supportive of the IB program

Page 5: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

School Profile• The Middle School is an incredibly diverse

community. The students hail from over 65 countries and speak 33 languages.

Demographics

Black 12% Hispanic 37%

Asian 21% White 30%

American Indian & Multi-Racial 3%

Education Classifications

Gifted and Talented Center 11%

Learning Disabled 26%   ESOL 41%

Free or Reduced Lunch 65%

Page 6: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

All those letters…

• AVID ProgramCollege Readiness

• PBS Program3 school themes

Must make AYP which means they have to focus on SOL (Standards of Learning) prep!

• IB MYPAOI IB Learner Profile

Page 7: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Methods

Data Collection

InterviewsSemi-structured design (allowed for flexibility)Interview began with background questions, then

questions about their opinions/feelings on IB, and ended with questions about their curricular decisions

Observations Classroom instruction Teacher journals Lesson plans

Page 8: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Findings – The How and the WhyTwo questions were answered…

How do they foster international mindedness?

Why was this a priority? (Why did they spend time on it)

Page 9: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

HOW -Climate of Collaboration and Integration

• Areas of Interaction provide the main focus for developing the connections between the disciplines, so that students will learn to see knowledge as an interrelated, coherent whole

..Ideas are always “floating around and opportunities to talk about ideas to do cross-curricular projects with other subjects are common among the staff.”

• Faculty’s willingness to collaborate has allowed for the AOI to supplement the curriculum and develop internationally minded thinking in the classrooms

Page 10: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

How - Being tuned into the students• “Stay out of their way”• “Keep it relevant. Try to find something that’s

real to them. And find a question that gets them to think about that. And then provide them with the experiences that let them process it and share it and communicate it.”

• “Find an approach that is relevant to them. If a teacher can do that.. the learning will just “go on forever.” The teachers felt that the IB program provides a structure to help teachers do that.

Page 11: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

How - Strong School Support

Administration only brings in new teachers that are willing to support IB

“I think it has to do with the culture of the school since I came here. I’m not sure if it was always that way. I think it’s been encouraged by the administration, both the two Principals that I’ve had here have both encouraged that and encouraged teachers to take on leadership roles and things like that. So, I think it’s just kind of in [the] culture. And I think also because of the student population we teach, the teachers feel the need to support each other because it’s not always the easiest group of kids to work with.”

Page 12: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Why was International Mindedness a priority?• They believe in the program

“It’s just good teaching” “It’s what we should be doing anyway” “I was an IB teacher and didn’t even know it!”

• “It really isn’t another thing. It’s building on what you’re doing and making it better, I think. The teaching that goes on is really what best practices are. It lays a ground work for you.”

Page 13: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Why - It is best for kids!IB structure is grounded in a holistic assessment of the

student and a conceptual philosophy of teaching Rubrics:

• Assessment criteria as a way to “look at the whole process and the whole approach that the kid takes [toward an assignment] as well as the result.”

Future benefits for students: • One of the main goals of the IB program is help students

see their role as a part of a world community. This goal is important because globalization has caused “the world to shrink”—in the words of one teacher—making intercultural maturity an urgent concern for educators.

• Communication-Writing across the curriculum

Page 14: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Why - Ownership

The school voted and decided to adopt IB! Ten years ago, a group of teachers was asked to

pilot the IB program and present the findings about the effectiveness and appropriateness of the program to fellow staff and community.

The community and staff had the opportunity to vote on adopting the program after hearing the teachers’ presentation.

Because the teachers had a say in including the IB program they were more motivated to incorporate it in their classrooms.

Page 15: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Conclusion

This experience has been valuable because I have deepened my own understanding of the IB program, real IB practices, and how IB relates to teachers’ perceptions of international education.

I would like to continue to research IB teachers’ perceptions of international mindedness and how that leads to changes in their practice.

Page 16: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Reflection• Here is graphic I created to demonstrate how

conducting my own qualitative study has informed my previous theories on teachers’ perceptions of international mindedness and applications to my own professional practice.

• As I collected research, analyzed data, and reanalyzed theories about IB and international mindedness, I started to see the connection between teachers’ perceptions of IB and how that molds their practice and influences their curricular decisions.

• This connection influenced my thinking about my research goals on this topic.

Page 17: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

Reflection

Page 18: International Mindedness in the International Baccalaureate Classroom

References• IBO (2011). MYP Program. Retrieved from

http://www.ibo.org/myp/curriculum/interaction/

• Merryfield, M. (2003). Like a veil: Cross-cultural experiential learning online. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education 3(2), 146-171.

• Maxwell, J. (2005). Qualitative Research Design: An Interactive Approach (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. 

• Strauss, A. (1990). Getting started. In A. Strauss & J. Corbin (Eds.), Basics of qualitative research: grounded theory procedures and techniques (33-47). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.