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Moscow, 29-30 of October, 2012 International Conference Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development Human-machine interface creation concept for Flight Management Application implementation based on modular avionics Pavel Danilin JSC «Moscow institute of electromechanic and automatic»
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Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

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Page 1: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Moscow, 29-30 of October, 2012

International Conference

Integrated Modular Avionics

State and Prospects of Development

Human-machine interface creation concept

for Flight Management Application implementation

based on modular avionics

Pavel Danilin

JSC «Moscow institute of electromechanic and automatic»

Page 2: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

Content

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Page 3: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

FMS – the heart of modern avionics

CMU

IRS

TCAS

ADC

FUEL

OMS

Interchange

TAWS

EFIS

DME

VOR

DME

VOR

GPS/GLONASS

Processor CDUCDU

FCS

International Conference by modular avionics

Processor

GPS/GLONASS

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Page 4: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

FMS intended functions

Intended FMS functions

Integrated data

processing

Flight

planning

Flight

management

TLP

computation

Fuel

management

CNS/ATM

Special

tasks

Sensor combination

select

Flight parameters

determination

Auto

sequencing

Trajectory characteristics computation

Operational changes

LNAV

VNAV

Climb

Flight guidance

Takeoff and landing speeds

Takeoff and landing

distances

RTA

Optimization

Economic

mode

LRC

Data link support

Takeoff and landing weights

Go around speeds

Cruise

Descent

SID

Cruise

STAR

Approach

»

— base units

— optional units

— special units

— modificable units

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 5: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Human-machine interface - the system by which pilot interact with a machine

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 6: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

FMSystem to FMApplicationevolution

C

C

M

FMAC

C

M

C

C

M

C

C

M

CCM – Common Computing Module

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 7: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

General guidance's by implementation unificationIMA hardware-software interaction

FMA

ARINC

653

ARINC

664

ARINC 661

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 8: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

FMA

ARINC 664 ARINC 653

International Conference by modular avionics

General guidance's by implementation unificationIMA hardware-software interaction

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Page 9: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

• Based upon IEEE 802.3 Ethernet

• Network data transition standard AFDX – Avionics Full-Duplex Switched

Ethernet

Full-duplex

Redundancy

Deterministic

High speed performance

Profiled network

• High data integrity achieved

• AFDX bus is used in Airbus A380, Boeing 787, Sukhoi Superjet 100

ARINC 664 Features

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Page 10: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

General Scheme of ARINC 664

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Page 11: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

ARINC 661 Features

ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS) interface for avionics

applications

Display systems interface unification

Normalization of communication between User Application and CDS

through:

• Definition file

• Kernel CDS, instantiating indication units (widgets)

• Run-time data exchange protocol

Could be used with various data transfer protocols (ARINC 664, 429)

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Page 12: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

Interaction Scheme of ARINC 661

Kernel CDS

Workstation

Graphic Tool for interface definition

Object Code

User Application

CDS

CDS widget library (ARINC 611 complaint)

Widget instantiation

Widget tree construction

ARINC 661 Definition File(s)non executable file

Application graphic interface

Run-time data

Down-loading at power-up

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Page 13: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

Display Unit indicates on of the

windows, consists of layer(s)

A layer owns a number of widgets

Each widget has common parameters

(ident, position, size), as such as

special for widget type (EditBoxText)

Some widget types:

• TextBox, TextEditBox

• CheckButton, PushButton

• SelectionListButton

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Page 14: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Displayed parameters classification

Flight management displayed parameters

Preflight action

dataFlight data Maintenance

data

― FMA and

sensors

initialization

― Software and

database status

― Flight plan

creation

― TLP

computation

― Fuel

management

―Dir-To‖ mode data

― Destination

point data

― Mode

termination

conditions

― Trajectory

characteristics

computation

― Current

status

― Previous

faults

― Sensors data

― Flight log

Flight and flight plan

parameters

― Aircraft flight plan

position

― Flight speed and

direction

― Wind

― Enroute time and

fuel

― Required and

actual leg accuracy

― Navigational data

sources

Additional and advisory

information

― Fix waypoints

― Actual distance

and time

― Extra fuel

― Sensors data

― Landing weight

computation

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 15: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Multifunctional indicator mode FMA example

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 16: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Multifunctional indicator combined mode

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 17: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Information unit design formalization

Information unit design formalization

Information content

analysis

Functional

information list

Service information list

Analysis of technical and constructive indicator characteristics

Information unit matrix formation

Letter-digital line size determination

Available quantity of functional and service buttons determination

Color gamma for displaying information determination, based on

criticality criteria

Semantic rules design (determination of letters

size, digits, names, etc)

Available quantity of special symbols determination

International Conference by modular avionics

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Page 18: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

International Conference by modular avionics

Summary

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Page 19: Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development · Integrated Modular Avionics State and Prospects of Development ... ARINC 661 defines Cockpit Display System (CDS)

Спасибо!

International Conference by modular avionics

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