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IDS Presentation to Secretary of State for International Development

Dec 18, 2014

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Education

Douglas Alexander MP, Secretary of State for International Development visited IDS on the 23 October. This was the presentation by IDS Researchers.

  • 1.
    • Visit of the Secretary of State for International Development
  • to the
  • Institute of Development Studies
  • October 23, 2008

2.

  • How IDS Makes a Difference
  • Economic Growth and Local Governance
  • Climate Change and Social Protection
  • Management of Insecurity and Conflict

Outline 3. How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance+ Quality+ Engagement=Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutting edge methods and data Working with others to bring results to key opportunities Influencing policy, practice and thinking 4. How IDS Makes a Difference Relevance+ Quality+ Engagement=Impact This means Asking the right questions Using cutting edge methods and data Working with others to bring results to key opportunities Influencing policy, practice and thinking Examples

  • Global consultations
  • Wiki Annual Report
  • YouDev &WFP
  • Data on quality of local governance
  • Global/local data on security
  • IPCC and adaptive social protection
  • DFID-India and nutrition
  • Gates and agriculture
  • Tax, state building andthe African Tax Forum

Relies on

  • Strong networks with Southern partners
  • Teaching and Alumni
  • Seed funding for innovation
  • Ability to co-fund Research Council grants
  • Committed researchers
  • World class Knowledge Services & Communication
  • Ability to aggregate
  • Ability to investigate research impacts
  • IDS Impact Audit

5.

  • Local Governance and
  • Economic Growth
  • Neil McCulloch and Hubert Schmitz

6. Growth varies dramaticallywithincountries 7. The Political Economy of Local Investment

  • Much donor effort focuses on creating transparent and impartial rules--property rights, licensing, access to land etc
  • But often investment depends on personal connections between senior officials and investors tackling specific problems and risks
  • IDS is working with local researchers in Egypt, Pakistan, Indonesia, Brazil and China, to explore the political economy of investment through the DFID funded Public Action and Private Investment program

8.

  • Key Findings
  • Large variations in the quality of economic governance at the local level
  • Building a coalition of interest between key public and private sector actors is key to boosting investment
  • Reducing uncertainty matters more than reducing costs
  • Implications for DFID
  • Focus capacity building efforts on bringing the worst performing regions up to the standard of their peers
  • Support frameworks that encourage constructive public-private relations
  • Pragmatism to build trust rather than best practice reform

9. Does local governance drive local growth?

  • Variations in local growth rates matter because we want growth to be inclusive
  • Growth variation is not just driven by differences in natural resources, location, population etc.
  • Do variations in the quality of local governance explain the variations in local growth?
  • Measure the quality of local economic governance at the sub-national level.

10. Measuring the quality of local economic governance the TAF Economic Governance Index 11. Climate Change and Development Tom Mitchell 12. Climate Change and Development Centre

  • 40+ researchers and knowledge sharing experts
  • Research expertise on
    • Low carbon growth
    • Intl climate policy
    • Poverty and adaptation
  • Development perspectives to climate change problems
  • Centre embedded with research, policy & civil society networks in BRICs and LICs
  • World class knowledge services

13. Social Protection to help Adaptation to Climate Change

  • Climate change community has not considered social protection as insufficient focus on social dimensions and differentiated nature of adaptation
  • Social protection generally reactive and insufficient focus on longer-term transformational approaches
  • Social protection designed to protect, promote and transform livelihoods can help people adapt to climate change
  • Without considering climate change, social protection programmes will not address the multiple risk and vulnerabilities the poor and excluded face

14. What is Adaptive Social Protection?

  • Focus on
  • people, regions, sectors vulnerable to climate change
  • promoting asset mixes that increase adaptive capacity
  • Examples
  • Weather-indexed insurance (payouts on thresholds)
  • Asset transfers based on replacement/diversification (ducks for hens, seed fairs)
  • Further research neededon what works and improved understanding of the policy process around implementation

15. The Management of Insecurity and Conflict Anna Schmidt David Leonard 16. Participation in overseas peacekeeping promotes domestic Security Sector Reform

  • Overseas participation of African forces in peacekeeping missions and training contributes to the democratization of African security apparatuses in their domestic roles
  • Peacekeepingpositively influences
      • The relationships between the state, civil society and military agencies
      • Officer and soldier behaviour
      • The organisational structure of the military
      • The ways the military is funded

17. Elections and Youth Violence: always with us?

  • Electoral violence by young unemployed males has been a problem in Africa for 60 years
  • There is an urgent need to promote methods of conducting and managing conflict that do not involve the current bi-modal choices of doing nothing or fighting about it
  • It also is time to revisit the employment generating development strategies pioneered in the early 1970s to deal with this same set of problems

18. Leveraging humanitarian norms for improved global governance

  • Global standards setting on refugees and IDPs increase the leverage of implementation networks of NGO and Government actors
  • If not recognised policy failure (e.g. refugee security)
  • If recognisedleverage to strengthen relational networks (e.g.info re IDP abuse)
  • If leveragedstronger forms of global governance (e.g. address UN cluster reform)

19. tasks and organisations in Kibondo, Tanzania Methodology: Networks as the real policy environment