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ICARDA’s R4D in Sub-Saharan Africa and Collaborative Activities in Ethiopia Consultation Meeting On EIAR-CGIAR Partnerships 4-5 December 2014 EIAR Hiruy

Dec 21, 2015



  • Slide 1
  • ICARDAs R4D in Sub-Saharan Africa and Collaborative Activities in Ethiopia Consultation Meeting On EIAR-CGIAR Partnerships 4-5 December 2014 EIAR Hiruy Hall
  • Slide 2
  • ICARDAs Ethiopia Research Platform and Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Program SSA Platform and Regional Program is on Mixed Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems (small ruminants, natural resource management, cereals and legumes) and on five Flagships: Flagship 1. Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems Flagship 2. Integrated Natural Resource Management Flagship 3. Cereals and Grain Legumes Improvement Flagship 4. Social, Economic and Policy Research Flagship 5: Capacity Development
  • Slide 3
  • Cereals and Grain Legumes Improvement ICARDA-mandates Bread & durum Wheat Rusts, foliar diseases, Quality Seed systems Legumes (Kabuli chickpea, faba bean, field pea, lentil & grass pea) Diseases, Insect pests. Yield Seed system Market classes Barley (malt and food) Yield, quality, insect pests, diseases, Seed systems
  • Slide 4
  • Current Engagements Main Objectives to narrow the yield gaps to sustainably improve yield through Technology scaling up and out Varieties, crop management and IPM Developing elite germplasm in Ethiopia and other ICARDA sites Capacity development (Physical & human) Farmers Researchers Seed growers Developing robust Seed Systems Partnerships and linkages Joint planning and visit
  • Slide 5
  • Bilateral and CRP Projects Location Target commodities SeasonPartnersFunding source Narrowing yield gaps of barley- faba bean in highlands of Amhara region North Shoa & North Gondar Barley & faba bean Belg, Meher & irrigated ARARI & EIAR Austria Development Agency Integrated management of Orobanche on cool-season food legumes in Amhara and Tigray regions South Gondar, South Tigray and south and north Wollo zones Faba beanMeher ARARI & TARI Embrapa, Brazil Developing rust resistant lentil Debre Zeit and Sinana Lentil & peaMeher and Belg EIAR OARI, Australia, Spain GRDC, Australia Disease resistance breeding Debre Zeit, Holetta, Ambo centers Chickpea, faba bean and lentil Meher and Off- season NARS breeding programs ICARDA-CRP- Grain Legumes Cereal and food legume pest surveys Central highlands and North Gondar Wheat, barley, food legumes Meher and BelgNARSICARDA-CCAFS Adaptation of food legumes and cereals to pastoral and agro- pastoral systems Werer, Jinka and Arba Minch Wheat, chickpea and barley Irrigated Irrigated lowlands of Ethiopia ICARDA-DS-ESA Africa RisingAR sites in four regions Barley and faba bean Meher and Belg and double cropping Wheat- based highlands ILRI-AR Current research projects being implemented with NARS & CG Centers partnership
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  • ICARDA Shuttle Breeding : SBW
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  • FRAMEWORK & APPROACH Countries: 12 3 hubs: Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sudan 9 partners: Lesotho, Eritrea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe Agroecologies: 2 Warm areas (lowlands) Cool areas (highlands) FRAMEWORK Target Countries : 12 3 hubs: Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sudan 9 partners: Lesotho, Eritrea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania,Niger, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe Agroecologies: 2 Warm areas (lowlands) Cool areas (highlands) APPROACH & METHODOLOGY: Innovation platforms for technology validation, demonstration and dissemination along the wheat value chain SARD-SC Wheat
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  • Actual Impacts registered Changes in planting dates of lentil and chickpea Breakthrough to increased productivity over 3t/ha High yielding lentil varieties with root rot and rust resistance High yielding Kabuli chickpea with resistance to diseases; suitable for early planting Plays key roles the country to enter in kabuli market Arerti Habru
  • Slide 9
  • Actual impacts Bread and Durum wheat -High yielding varieties with resistance to diseases (rust ) Food and malt barley ICARDA direct introduction and parents used in EIAR crossing program ICARDA Faba bean provides Direct release Sources of disease resistance Seed size Sustainable Seed Systems developed and functional
  • Slide 10
  • Productivity wheat 5.5-6.5 t/ha
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  • Strengthening national seed systems Major purpose Deployment of varieties and associated technologies in AGP and Non-AGP districts in four major production regions of Ethiopia Developing a framework for deployment of crop varieties and technologies Fast-track testing and release of new crop varieties Popularization and demonstration of new varieties and technologies Accelerated seed multiplication o Pre- and post-release multiplication of early generation during main and off-season working with NARS o Partnering for large-scale certified seed multiplication with public and private seed sector s o On-farm seed multiplication with small-scale seed enterprises, farmer seed producer's association and farmer groups Strengthening capacity of NARS and stakeholders Seed system studies to understand constraints and provide policy advocacy
  • Slide 12
  • Bilateral and CRP Projects Location Target commoditie s Partners Funding source Deployment of rust resistant wheat varieties Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and SNNPR Bread and durum wheat EIAR, RARIs, PSEs, farmers USAID Increasing productivity of chickpea in wheat- based cropping system Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and SNNPR Kabuli & Desi chickpea EIAR, RARIs, PSEs, farmers USAID Deployment of malt barley and faba bean varieties and technologies Amhara, Oromia, Tigray and SNNPR Malt barley & faba bean EIAR, RARIs, PSEs, farmers USAID Seed system studiesAmhara, Oromia, Tigray and SNNPR Wheat, barley, fab bean & chickpea EIAR, RARIs, PSEs, farmers USAID, CRP-DC, CRP-DS Current Seed System projects being implemented with NARS & CG Centers partnership
  • Slide 13
  • Located in Upper catchment of the Blue Nile River Basin and Lake Tana Basin Gondar Zuria District, North Gondar Zone Size: 56 sq. km Dwellers 4246 people in 1148 HHs Rainfall: THE WATERSHED Integrated Natural Resource Management
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  • Community-based Breeding Programs for Adapted Sheep Breeds in Ethiopia 2007-2011
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  • Goal and Purpose Goal: Improved productivity and income of sheep owners by providing access to improved animals that respond to improved feeding and management, targeting specific market opportunities Purpose: Development of successful community-based small ruminant breeding schemes that suit the communities conditions and farmers needs
  • Slide 16
  • Study areas, breeds and communities Four locations in different regional States: Afar, Bonga, Horro, Menz 4 indigenous sheep breeds 2 communities per location each with 60 households 1 2 3 4 1 = Afar 16 2 = Bonga 3 = Horro 4 = Menz
  • Slide 17
  • ICARDA-ILRI Program in Ethiopia: Sheep and Goat Value Chain Development in Ethiopia started in 2012
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  • Objective: to improve the performance of sheep and goat meat value chains in Ethiopia and in doing so to improve livelihoods, incomes and assets, particularly of women, through increased productivity, reduced risk and improved market access along the value chain. Vision: By 2020, we see men and women enjoying increased levels of production, income and nutritious consumption derived from sustainable sheep and goat value chains Objective and vision
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  • Selected sites for sheep and goat value chains
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  • Steps from assessment to interventions 1.Consultative site selection process through national and regional consultation meetings and site visits (June-Oct 2012) 2.Rapid Value Chain Analysis (VCA) at seven sites (Nov 2012-May 2013) 3.Three multi-stakeholder meetings for prioritization and planning of site-specific interventions involving about 70 persons (March/April 2013) 4.Testing/Implementation of prioritized best-bet interventions (July 2013-Dec 2016) 5.Workshop to define impact pathway s defined for four major intervention areas identified in the MS meetings (Feb. 2014) 6.Evaluation of interventions (pilot on CBBP in 2014)
  • Slide 21
  • Achievements up to date Rapid (qualitative) Value chain analysis (VCA) Toolkit for rapid VCA for small ruminants (in Ethiopia) 8 site reports from rapid VCA including challenges and proposed interventions authored by NARS colleagues Synthesis report on rapid VCA Review of Ethiopia small ruminant value chain rapid assessment: from a gender perspective Safe Food, Fair Food qualitative integrated assessment of small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia Review of SFFF assessments from a gender perspective Benchmarking (quantitative VCA) Toolkit for SR VC in Ethiopia developed Mobile data collection with ODK tablets Data collection to be completed end 2014
  • Slide 22
  • Community Based Breeding Programs (CBBP) Sheep and Goat Breeding Programs at 5 sites Data Recording and Management System for SR (DREMS) Evaluation report on sheep breeding programs at two VC sites Feeds and Forages 14 village reports on feed resources and technology assessment for 3 sites (online) Database on nutritional quality of food-feed cultivars in lentils, chickpea, field pea and faba bean with Ethiopian national programs (ongoing) Database on Dryland Feeds (AFAWA) Achievements up to date
  • Slide 23
  • Implementation of prioritized best-bet interventions Planned best-bet Research and Development Interventions Genetic improvement program for sheep
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