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HMT 1 Lecture

Jan 26, 2016

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Home and Livelihood Education 1

  • HMT 1: Home Management and Livelihood Education 1BS Agricultural Education 2BMonday 1pm-3pm lect/ Thursday 2pm-5pm Lab

  • Discussion of the Activity ( Interview About Me)Class to share experiences on completing the tasks.Discussion Points:How did it feel to learn what other people like about you?Did you learn anything that surprised you? Strengths you don't haveDid no one mentioned your strenght?More than one person named same qualities

  • I. Family HealthcareDefinition:Family - most important unit of society - basic sexual unit/ basic child raising unit/basic communication unit and the basic all around fun and friendship unit - consist of related people who care about each other

  • Building a Strong Family Relationship1. Learning2. Loyalty3. Love4. Laughter5. Leadership

  • Life Patterns ( Characteristics) of Strong Families1. Commitment - devoted to well being and happiness of the other members - value family unity2. Appreciation - show and talk about their appreciation for one another3. Communication - good communication skills and spend a lot of time talking with each other - lifeblood of the relationship - way the love and emotions are expressed4 .Time together - spend time, quality time in large quantities5. Spiritual Wellness - greater good or power in life6. Coping Ability - able to view stress or crisis as an opportunity to grow and learn

  • Effective Time Management for TeenagersTime Management - how well a person schedules their time in a day or a week - helps set goals and priorities, organize your hours and days into designated activities

    Managing Time1. Set Goals2. Make a daily" TO DO" list3. Set Priorities4. Make a daily time and work schedule5. Keep a running list of assignments

  • Work Simplification- it is a technique used to reduce the time and energy spent in accomplishing certain tasks

    Ways of Simplifying Work1. Plan ahead of time2. All needed equipment and materials must be ready3. Complete each tasks before starting another4. Cleaning from ceiling down5. Dovetail tasks6. Have a fixed place for keeping equipment and supplies

  • Housing and Family Economicsappreciation and skills in the use of home resourcesenergy- saving measures in the homevalue of recycling

  • Importance of Home ResourcesImportant for family use (electricity/ water)home raise animals/ home landscaping ( can make the time of the family members worthwhile)* home resources can be considered precious if only the family knows how to utilize them

  • Management of Available Home ResourcesGoals must be set so that the family effort will not be wasted and they will have satisfaction and fulfillment in life.1. Analyze the needs of the family ex. modern gadgets vs nutrition2. Cultivate and enrich family values3. Develop skills in using available resources4. Effective means of using available facilities in the home ex. use of vacant lot5. Keep abreast with the times

  • Establish Priorities in the Management of ResourcesPriorities - guide the families to manage home resources - serve as an inspiration in attaining goals in life

    1. Basic Needs - first priorityEx. good food/ clothing/ own home/ education

    2. Convenience

    3. Conservation of energy

  • Different Resources Available in the Home1. Water2. Electricity3. Animals4. Plants

    * All home resources must be used properly and moderately so that there are benefits taken from them and effectiveness can be experienced by the family members for a long time

  • Group Activity 1: Managing Home ResourcesDirection: With your members, present in the class through an act or song or dance presentation on how family members can use the home resources properly.You will be given 15 mins to brainstorm. You will given 10 mins to present.

  • Devise Energy Saving Measures in the Home

  • RECYCLINGIt is a process of transforming an item which has already served its original purpose but is still durable into something that can still be used for another purpose

    Recycling BasicsGarbage disposal is one of the biggest problems we Filipinos face. There are somany things we waste throw away, burn or just take for granted and yet the sophisticated first world technology for waste processing is not within our reach.There is cash in trash

  • Types of Recycling1. Internal recycling Involves the use of materials that are waste products of a manufacturing process. An example of this is the processing of spent grain mash, a waste product of distillation, into cattle feeds2. External recycling Is the reclaiming of materials from a product that has been worn out due to constant use. A good example of this type is the conversion of old news papers and magazines into other paper product.

  • Advantages of Recycling1. Decrease pollution and ease the garbage pollution2. Conserve resources3. Enhance creativity and resourcefulness4. Potential in making a profitable business5. Makes people environmentally aware6. Promotes scientific advancements in recyclable and biodegradable materials7. Makes governments and businesses choose programs and apply policies in consideration of preserving and respecting the environment.

  • Common Materials Used in Recycling1. PaperPaper woven basket, paper mache articles, paper beads, paper sculpture, boxes for gift wrapping, album covers and paper bags2. Plastic containersPlanters, plant tags, plastic sculptures and organizers3. Glass bottlesDecanter, storage items terrariums, cut bottles, bent bottles and glass tiles.4. Fabric scrapQuilting and patchwork projects, rag rugs, doilies, runners of hand stitched circles of fabrics, stuffed toys, hair accessories, fabric flowers and collages.5. Yarn wastesRugs, tapestries, embroidery, yarn dolls, crocheted or knitted articles, and string art.6. Tin cansCanisters, storage bins, planters, baking tins, candle holders, kerosene lamps, metal art and water catchers

  • Gardening and LandscapingA. Landscape Garden- art or work of beautifying land by planting trees and other plants and designing gardensB. Gardening (Horticulture)- growing of flowers, shrubs,trees, fruits or vegetables for ornamentation or food

  • History of Gardening and LandscapingFormal walled garden in Ancient EgyptWhole estates were turned into private parks and high terraced gardens in Fertile Mesopotamia ( Iraq), includes the Hanging Garden of BabylonPersians garden had pools and fountainsFormal garden studded with statues and buildingsGroves of sacred trees in ChinaMedicinal herbs, flowers, fruits and vegetables were grown during the Middle Ages within the walls of monasteries

  • Kinds of Gardens1. Formal Gardens - consists of trees, shrubs, lawn and flower beds arranged in geometric and usually symmetrical patternse.g., parks and large estates

    2. Rock Gardens - in which dwarf perennial plants and vines ( those that grow naturally in mountains and among rocks) are planted in pockets of soil between rocks- natural hillside or slope of a terrace

    3. Fruit and Vegetable Gardens a. Truck Gardens or Truck Farms - produce vegetables for canning, or shipping fresh to distant markets, crops are grown in large fieldsex. pineapple plantation of DOLE and Del Monte

  • b. Market Gardens - situated near large cities and they produce fresh vegetables for local markets

    c. Home Gardens - in residential houses

    4. Flower Gardens - usually in the form of borders around the yard, driveway, terrace or patio

    Landscape Planning1. Front area - part seen from the street, most important feature of the house2. Service area - provides area for garbage disposal, storage and laundry lines3. Family area - has gardens, play space and porch,terrace or patio

  • Pointers on Lawn Care1. Grasses in lawn need fertilizers2. Water the lawn regularly3. Grass should be cut regularly to a height of 1 to 2 inches4. Leaves should not be permitted to lie on the lawn.Different Ways of Growing Ornamental and Vegetable Plants1. Bonsai - is the Japanese art of producing mimiature woody plants - height range from about 6 inches (15cm) to 2 feet (60cm) and are shaped to give the appearance of being large - the plants is dwarfed through periodic pruning of both stems and roots

  • 2. Dish Garden - is a miniature garden made in a wide low porcelain vase- usually used as decoration on table tops for patio sets

    3. Hydroponics - is the growing of plants without soil in a solution of plant nutrients and water- also called soilless gardening, no weeds to compete- suited to tomatoes, potatoes, beets, carrots, lettuce, roses and carnations

    4. Topiary - art of training, cutting and trimming trees or shrubs into odd ornamental shape - a wire mold is prepared by clipping together fine mess into desired shape

  • Edible Landscapingoffers an alternative to conventional residential landscapes that are designed solely for ornamental purposesuse of the food-producing plants in the constructed landscapecombines fruit and nut trees, berry bushes, vegetables, herbs, edible flowers and ornamental plants into aesthetically pleasing designs

  • Reasons for edible landscaping 1. To enjoy the freshness and flavor of home grown, fully ripened fruits and vegetables2. To control the quantity and kind of pesticides and herbicides used on the food you consume3. To increase the food security of your household4. To save on grocery bills5. To grow unusual varieties not available in stores6. To get outside, interact with the natural world and have funConsiderations: 1. Fruits and vegetables do best where they receive at least 6 hours of full sunlight a day

    2. Must have a well-drained soil

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