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History part2

Jul 10, 2015

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Education

modern history #pengars

  • +postmodern

    ARCHITECTURAL

    HISTORY AND

    THEORY

  • +Journey to [post] modern

  • Crown Hall, Illinois Institute of Technologys departments of architecture, planning, and design,USA.

  • Gropius House, USA

  • Late Modern

    Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM), Bunshaft designer. Bieneke Library. Yale University (1964)

  • Late Modern

    C.F. Murphy. Richard Daley Civic Center. Chicago, Illinois (1964)

  • +Late Modern

    FRANK LOYD WRIGHT

    LE CORBUSIER

    ALDO ROSSI : MENGKRITIK KERAS FORM FOLLOW FUNCTION

    LOUIS I. KAHN : mulai dariruang EXPERIENCE architecture

  • +The end of modern architecture------------------------------------------------------------ 1972 [C. Jenks]

  • + Minoru Yamasaki: the Pruitt-Igoe Housing, St. Louis ---winner of CIAM Award, destroyed in 1972

  • +Relationship of

    Man and Nature

    Ideology and Art

    BEFORE

    MODERN

    MODERN(Modernism)

    AFTER

    MODERN(Post Modernism)

    Man

    Rational

    Ecole de Beaux Arts

    Re-nais-sance

    Bau-haus

    CIAM The End

    of Mo-

    dernism

  • +[post] modernStart to questioning many things

    Renewing architecture from the

    inside

  • Questioning many things :

    Inti isi pemikiran

    After-modern

    Purism? Standards? Economy?Form follow function? A House as Machine?Less is more?

    Modernism = Meaningless?

    Pluralism CommunicationEndless possibility (1950s now)

  • Penggunaan Istilah

    untuk menunjukkan reaksi yg timbul pada era modern

    pertama kali oleh : Federico De Onis [1930]

    yang mencoba menjelaskan suatu

    siklus sejarah baru.

    Kedua oleh Toynbee [1947]

    ketika memberikan istilah post pada

    humanist, pada female dll

    Ketiga oleh Leslie Fiedler

    yang memproklamirkannya pada

    eksperimental seni dan ultra modern

    arsitektur.

    Keempat oleh Ihab Hasan

    yang menyebut postmodern sebagai

    sebuah bahasa yang baru.

    Kelima oleh Charles Jencks tahun [1977]

    sebagai logika cultural yangmembawa

    transformasi dalam kebudayaan pada

    umumnya.

    Keenam oleh Frederic Jameson

    Yang mengistilahkan bahwa postmodern

    adalah Implosion atau peledakan

    kedalam

    Ketujuh oleh Jean Baudrillard

    dimana kondisi postmodern tidak ada

    lagi narasi besar.

    Kedelapan oleh Lyotard

    postmodern

  • +Eero Saarinen, TWA airport as metaphor (abstraction) of flying bird in JFK, New York

    Biomorphic Architecture

  • Hector Guimard Rudolf Steiner

  • Antonio Gaudi,Casa Mila

  • Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain, Antonio Gaudi

  • Frank Lloyd Wright, Johnson Wax Building

  • le corbusier

  • Ronchamp Chapel, Le Corbusier

  • ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE

    Ronchamp : Le Corbusier

  • +NEW STATEMENT

  • +Robert VenturiA controversial critic of the purely functional and spare designs of modern orthodox architecture, Venturi has been considered a counterrevolutionary

    Less is

    Bore

  • Robert Venturi (1966)

    American Architect

  • Security Marine Bank. Wisconsin (1971)

  • Henry J. Goodwin. Big

    Donut Drive-in. Los

    Angeles (1954)

  • Bootmobile. Los Angeles. (1976)

  • Hot Dog Stand. Los Angeles. (1938)

  • Charles Jencks [1977]

    Mengganti univalensi

    bentuk [modern] dengan

    pluralisasi bentuk [double coding]

    Modernisme mati ketika

    Pruit Igoe dihancurkan

    tahun 1972.

    Esensi Arsitektur

    bertumpu pada language

  • +Charles Jenks

    The death of modern architecture [1972]

    The new language of architecture [1981]

    Architecture of the Jumping universe [1995]

    What is postmodernism? [1996]

    The new paradigm in architecture [2004]

  • + According to Jenksit's a big black box, huge, scale-less and

    repetitive, endlessly repetitive. These black

    boxes were built all over the world in every

    downtown from the 60s to the 80s, and still

    there's some of them are still being built.

    I mean it is dumb and boring

    frankly, although it has great

    details and it has a sleek elegance

    and it became the businessman's

    vernacular.

    Mies van der Rohe's Chicago Civic Centre.

  • Charles Jenks. Garacia Rotunda. Wellfleet (1977)

  • The absent column marching

    through ceiling, roof, and floor

    divides the marital bed.

  • Density of (space) Experience

  • Pompidou Center : Renzo Piano, 1976

  • +Louis Kahn [1959]

    Mengkritisi CIAM yang menekankan pada efisiensi rancangan

    Arsitektur selayaknya mulai dari ruang

    [silence and light] yang merupakan gabungan dari aspek kuantitatifbangunan dan aspek kualitatif dari ruang

  • + postmodernBack to History

    Return of "wit, ornament and reference-

    breaking away from convention

  • Michael Graves [1975]

    Colourfull iconic

  • Sidney Opera House.

    Sydney, Australia

    (1957-74)

  • Frank Gehry, Dancing Building

  • Zaha Hadid. Bergisel Ski Jump. Innsbruck, Austria (2002)

    Within its landscape

  • Zaha Hadid. Bergisel Ski Jump.

    Innsbruck, Austria (2002)

  • Zaha Hadid. Bergisel Ski Jump.

    Innsbruck, Austria (2002)

    Bergisel Ski Jumps caf, also called Cobra

  • Zaha Hadid. Bergisel Ski Jump.

    Innsbruck, Austria (2002)

    Section & elevation

  • Every great architect is -- necessarily -- a great poet. He must be a great original interpreter of his time, his day, his age. (Frank Lloyd Wright)

  • Relationship of

    Man and Nature

    Ideology and Art

    BEFORE

    MODERNMODERN

    AFTER

    MODERN

    Man

    Rational

    Ecole de Beaux Arts

    Renaissance Bauhaus

    CIAM

    Relationship of

    Man and Nature

    Ideology and Art

    Man

    Rational

    Pluralism

    Metaphor

    Communication

    De-Construction

    etc. etc. etc. etc.

    The End

    of mo-

    dernism

  • 192019261931193319411942194519461948

    1955 1959

    196019621965196619691972197619771980s

    De Techniche Hoogeschool te Bandung berdiri.

    Garden City of Indonesia: Kebayoran Baru(Moh. Soesilo, murid Thomas Karsten)

    Institut Teknologi Bandung diresmikan (kembali).Monas mulai dibangun.Universitas Katolik Parahyangan (TEKNIK).

    Sekolah Tinggi Teknik (STT) Bandoeng (UGM).

    Ir. Soekarno menjadi insinyur - arsitek.

    Bauhaus opens.

    Bauhaus closed.

    Robert Ventury : Complexity and Contradiction.

    Indonesia MERDEKA

    Le Corbusier Villa Savoy sets style for Modernism.

    World War 2 begins.

    Atomic bombs ends WW 2.

    Gelora Senayan dan Hotel Indonesia dibangun.

    Pompidou Center shows High Tech stylePruit Igoe was destroyed

    Neil Armstrong walks on the Moon

    Charles Jencks: Postmodern Architecture

    World history Indonesia

    Orde Baru.Gedung MPR / DPR.

    TMII dibangun.

    Jepang menjajah Indonesia

    Louis I. Kahn: Silence and Light.

    Wastu Citra : Y.B. MangunwijayaDeconstruction gets media attention Modernism ? Modern Style? Minimalism?

    Ronchamp Chapel: Le Corbusier

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