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History Of English Language

Sep 05, 2014

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Education

A look at how the English language evolves over time, with an eye towards noticing the quirks and rules. Once a student knows that grammar is not arbitrary, they get hungry for learning how and why it is like it is (and remembering some of the rules, and figuring out others).

  • World
    Referent
    (outside language)
    Written Word
    cat orc - a- t
    (transcription of language sound)
    Spoken Word
    /kt/
    (language sound)

Anglo-Saxon Runic Futhorc
Greek Alpha-Beta
consonants
Hring (ring)
Hwt (white)
Cneow (knee)
Gnawan (gnaw)
Wrtan (write)
I mutation
Alteration of certain vowels by suffixes
Mann + iz (plural) = manniz = menniz = men
1066
William the Conqueror
Battle of Hastings
Normal Conquests
Influences of English Language
minim
i, j, m, n u, v
m, n develop connecting lines
I becomes i
J becomes j
reduction
Hlf = loaf
Weard = ward
Hlf-weard = keeper of the bread
Hlford
Laverd
Lord
. : ,
Great Vowel Shift
mi faytack; sue doe oars
mi fetak sc do urz
mai fit ek so du aurz
my feet ache; so do ours
war and far
/a/ became rounded after /w/
warm, water, wall
/a/ > /e/ did not round
wager
silent e
mad
made
maddening
Other Factors
At the moment becomes atm
Be back soon becomes bbs
Because becomes cuz, bcuz, bcz, bcos, bc, cos, coz or bcoz
Best friend or Boy friend becomes bf or b/f
Best friend(s) for life becomes bffl
Best friend(s) forever becomes bff
By the way becomes btw
Can't be assed becomes cba
Forever becomes 4eva or 4evr
For your information becomes fyi
Friend becomes frend
Got to go becomes g2g or gtg
Have a nice day becomes H.A.N.D.
Hold on becomes hld on or h/o
Homework becomes hw, hwk or hmwk
How are you becomes hru
I don't care becomes idc
I don't know becomes idk
I do what I want becomes idwiw
I love you becomes ily, luv u, ilu, or luvya
In my opinion becomes imo
In my humble opinion becomes imho
Laugh out loud becomes lol
Lots of love becomes lol
Laughing quietly to myself becomes lqtm
Message (as in a text message) becomes msg
Never mind becomes nm or nvm (depending on context used)
No problem becomes np
"No thank you" becomes "nty" or "no ty"
Obviously becomes ovvi or obv
Of course becomes ovcors or ofc
Oh my god becomes omg or (comicly) zomg
Parents over shoulder becomes pos
Please becomes plz or plez
Probably becomes probz, prbly, prolly, or prob
Love becomes

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