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HISTORY OF COMPUTERS

Mar 07, 2016

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Documento para presentar la historia de la informatica

  • HISTORY OF HISTORY OF HISTORY OF HISTORY OF

    COMPUTERSCOMPUTERSCOMPUTERSCOMPUTERS

  • THE ABACUS (THE ABACUS (THE ABACUS (THE ABACUS (2400 B.C.)

    The AbacusThe AbacusThe AbacusThe Abacus was invented by the Babylonians for arithmetic was invented by the Babylonians for arithmetic was invented by the Babylonians for arithmetic was invented by the Babylonians for arithmetic

    processesprocessesprocessesprocesses

    Blaise Pascal

    1623162316231623----1662166216621662

    A French Mathematician invented the first Mechanical A French Mathematician invented the first Mechanical A French Mathematician invented the first Mechanical A French Mathematician invented the first Mechanical

    Calculator. It performed Addition and Calculator. It performed Addition and Calculator. It performed Addition and Calculator. It performed Addition and Subtractions.Subtractions.Subtractions.Subtractions.

  • 1646-1716

    Gottfried W. LeibnitzGottfried W. LeibnitzGottfried W. LeibnitzGottfried W. Leibnitz

    A German MathematicianA German MathematicianA German MathematicianA German Mathematician

    He built the first calculator to He built the first calculator to He built the first calculator to He built the first calculator to do Multiplication and Division. do Multiplication and Division. do Multiplication and Division. do Multiplication and Division.

    It was not reliableIt was not reliableIt was not reliableIt was not reliable....

  • Charles BabbageCharles BabbageCharles BabbageCharles Babbage

    AAAA professor of Mathematics. In 1830 he presented his Analytical professor of Mathematics. In 1830 he presented his Analytical professor of Mathematics. In 1830 he presented his Analytical professor of Mathematics. In 1830 he presented his Analytical

    Engine,technically the first computer,although it was never builtEngine,technically the first computer,although it was never builtEngine,technically the first computer,although it was never builtEngine,technically the first computer,although it was never built.He .He .He .He

    invented the Concept of a programmable computer in 1856.invented the Concept of a programmable computer in 1856.invented the Concept of a programmable computer in 1856.invented the Concept of a programmable computer in 1856.

  • First Shift Key TypewriterFirst Shift Key TypewriterFirst Shift Key TypewriterFirst Shift Key Typewriter

    (1878)(1878)(1878)(1878)

    William S.Burroughs

    An American introduced the first commercially successful An American introduced the first commercially successful An American introduced the first commercially successful An American introduced the first commercially successful

    MechanicMechanicMechanicMechanical Adding Machineal Adding Machineal Adding Machineal Adding Machine

  • Herman HollerithHerman HollerithHerman HollerithHerman Hollerith

    An American Statistician who developed a Mechanical An American Statistician who developed a Mechanical An American Statistician who developed a Mechanical An American Statistician who developed a Mechanical

    Tabulator based on Punched Cards to rapidly tabulate Tabulator based on Punched Cards to rapidly tabulate Tabulator based on Punched Cards to rapidly tabulate Tabulator based on Punched Cards to rapidly tabulate

    statistics from million of pieces of data.statistics from million of pieces of data.statistics from million of pieces of data.statistics from million of pieces of data.

    He founded the He founded the He founded the He founded the IIIInternational nternational nternational nternational BBBBusiness usiness usiness usiness MMMMachines (IBM)achines (IBM)achines (IBM)achines (IBM)

  • 1900190019001900John John John John Ambrose FlemingAmbrose FlemingAmbrose FlemingAmbrose Fleming

    He invents Vacuum TubeHe invents Vacuum TubeHe invents Vacuum TubeHe invents Vacuum Tube

    1937193719371937

    Stibitzs Complex number CalculatorStibitzs Complex number CalculatorStibitzs Complex number CalculatorStibitzs Complex number Calculator

  • 1940194019401940

    Konrand ZuseKonrand ZuseKonrand ZuseKonrand Zuse

    First Example of remote computingFirst Example of remote computingFirst Example of remote computingFirst Example of remote computing

  • 1943194319431943

    Colossus machine was built by Dr.FlowersColossus machine was built by Dr.FlowersColossus machine was built by Dr.FlowersColossus machine was built by Dr.Flowers and was used to and was used to and was used to and was used to

    decipher the Gdecipher the Gdecipher the Gdecipher the German Enigma code durind the Second erman Enigma code durind the Second erman Enigma code durind the Second erman Enigma code durind the Second

    World WarWorld WarWorld WarWorld War....

    1941941941945555

    First Computing BugFirst Computing BugFirst Computing BugFirst Computing Bug

  • 1946194619461946

    Eckert and MauchlyEckert and MauchlyEckert and MauchlyEckert and Mauchly

    They designed and built the ENIACThey designed and built the ENIACThey designed and built the ENIACThey designed and built the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical (Electronic Numerical (Electronic Numerical (Electronic Numerical

    Integrator And Computer)Integrator And Computer)Integrator And Computer)Integrator And Computer)

    for Military computations. for Military computations. for Military computations. for Military computations. This hugeThis hugeThis hugeThis huge roomroomroomroom----sized computer,sized computer,sized computer,sized computer, was was was was

    1010101000 times faster than the Mark I and the first general00 times faster than the Mark I and the first general00 times faster than the Mark I and the first general00 times faster than the Mark I and the first general----

  • purpose purpose purpose purpose

    1903190319031903----1995199519951995

    John Vincent AtanasoffJohn Vincent AtanasoffJohn Vincent AtanasoffJohn Vincent Atanasoff

    An American Scientist.He is the inventor of the first An American Scientist.He is the inventor of the first An American Scientist.He is the inventor of the first An American Scientist.He is the inventor of the first

    automatic electronic digital computerautomatic electronic digital computerautomatic electronic digital computerautomatic electronic digital computer....

  • 1900190019001900----1973197319731973

    Howard Howard Howard Howard Hathaway AikenHathaway AikenHathaway AikenHathaway Aiken

    An American professor.An American professor.An American professor.An American professor. He built the He built the He built the He built the Harvard Mark I Harvard Mark I Harvard Mark I Harvard Mark I

    ComputerComputerComputerComputer in 1949in 1949in 1949in 1949

  • 1948194819481948----51515151

    First Commercial computerFirst Commercial computerFirst Commercial computerFirst Commercial computer

    UNIVACUNIVACUNIVACUNIVAC

  • 1958195819581958

    FirstFirstFirstFirst Integrated circuitIntegrated circuitIntegrated circuitIntegrated circuit

    1963

    MITS LINC computerMITS LINC computerMITS LINC computerMITS LINC computer

  • 1971

    Intel produced the fIntel produced the fIntel produced the fIntel produced the first irst irst irst commercial commercial commercial commercial microprocessormicroprocessormicroprocessormicroprocessor called called called called the the the the

    4040404040404040 and was the forerunner of the Pand was the forerunner of the Pand was the forerunner of the Pand was the forerunner of the Pentiumentiumentiumentium....

    1975

    Bill Gates/Paul Allen began MicrosoftBill Gates/Paul Allen began MicrosoftBill Gates/Paul Allen began MicrosoftBill Gates/Paul Allen began Microsoft

    They changed the course of the They changed the course of the They changed the course of the They changed the course of the curse of the history of curse of the history of curse of the history of curse of the history of

    computers by starting the company Microsoftcomputers by starting the company Microsoftcomputers by starting the company Microsoftcomputers by starting the company Microsoft....

  • 1976

    APPLE Microcomputer came outAPPLE Microcomputer came outAPPLE Microcomputer came outAPPLE Microcomputer came out....

    1981198119811981

    First IBM PCFirst IBM PCFirst IBM PCFirst IBM PC

  • 1984198419841984

    Apple Macintosh introducedApple Macintosh introducedApple Macintosh introducedApple Macintosh introduced

    1990199019901990

    Microsoft Word released with Windows 3Microsoft Word released with Windows 3Microsoft Word released with Windows 3Microsoft Word released with Windows 3

  • 1990s1990s1990s1990s

    Virtual Reality Systems developedVirtual Reality Systems developedVirtual Reality Systems developedVirtual Reality Systems developed

    1993199319931993

    Intel Pentium Processor introducedIntel Pentium Processor introducedIntel Pentium Processor introducedIntel Pentium Processor introduced

  • 1990s1990s1990s1990s

    World Wide Web started a computer boomWorld Wide Web started a computer boomWorld Wide Web started a computer boomWorld Wide Web started a computer boom