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History of Computers

Feb 16, 2016




History of Computers. By: Evan Alderman. What will we be talking about today?. Slide 3 & 4: Early computers Slide 5: ARPA Slide 6 & 7: ARPANET & the Internet Slide 8: Packets & Convergence Slide 9: The “Killer App” (E-mail) Slide 10: The World Wide Web Slide 11: Today’s computing . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

History of Computers

History of ComputersBy: Evan Alderman

+What will we be talking about today?Slide 3 & 4: Early computersSlide 5: ARPASlide 6 & 7: ARPANET & the InternetSlide 8: Packets & ConvergenceSlide 9: The Killer App (E-mail)Slide 10: The World Wide WebSlide 11: Todays computing +Early Computers:The AbacusEven though the Internet was invented more then 60 years ago, computers were developed long before the 1950s.- For instance, the abacus is still know commonly as a computer to date.- Its use dates back as far as 5000 years ago. Thats roughly 4500 years before Christopher Columbus ventured off into sea.

+The Difference EngineMade by Charles Babbage

Another early computing device is the difference engine, made by Charles Babbage.-The difference engine was made long after the creation of the abacus, in 1821. -Can you believe how far computer technology has come? From the abacus, to the difference engine, and now were making products like Dell and Apple laptops and desktops.+ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)

The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was formed in 1958. The president of this company, Dwight D. Eisenhower created this product for the purpose of forming and developing research. It could also surpass immediate military requirements with ease. Currently, ARPA (know known as DARPA) is generating an annual budget of 2.8 billion dollars. +The Arpanet & the InternetThe ARPANETThe ARPANET was the acorn that would grow to become the mighty internet. It was going to be based on special purpose mini computers. It was created by a group originally called ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). The ARPANET wasnt allowed to everyday citizens. It was only used in military fields/ reasons. By the time it was 1990, the ARPANET was defunct, superseded by NSFNET.

The InternetThe Internet uses a standard Internet Protocol Suite, (TCP/IP). The Internet is important because its the defining technology of our time. A historic revolution in communication for the human race that is changing the world. Some of the components of the Internet include E-mail, News groups, Chat rooms, and Social Networking sites. The Internet is currently stronger then ever, with over 2,405,518,376 users, as of October 13th, 2013.

+The connection between the Internet, and the ARPANETThe Internet was invented in the United States during the late 1950s to the 1970s by a group of researchers and scientists at the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). On the October 29, 1969, computers at Stanford and UCLA connected for the first time using the network then called ARPANET.

+Packets & Convergence

Convergence: technology that bundles voice, audio, & video into single devices. (example: Smartphone, laptop, desktop.) A smartphone can understand your voice, play you videos, send messages, and much, much more!Packets: are like a postcard with a to and from address. was inspired from a mouse in a maze. The information flows along in each of these packets, so it makes it necessary to find its way through the network. Large network packets are broken into small pieces called flits (flow control digits ) and sets up the routing behavior for all subsequent flits associated with the packet.

+The Killer App (E-mail)This killer app was, and still is E-mail, (Electronic mail).You could now send packets/ messages from computer to computer. Also, you could communicate from one-another, from one computer, to another computer. Today, we can use many different devices to connect and communicate over E-mail. For instance, you could be in Sydney, Australia and send an E-mail from you iPad to your best friend. This friend can receive this message, view, and re-send messages on her Smartphone. This killer app has over 2.2 billion users as of 2012. E-mail is an essential feature that many need to communicate with one-another. An example of E-mail is Outlook, made by Microsoft.

+The World Wide WebOne day Tim Berens-Lee had finalized an invention that would change the world forever.

- He called his invention the World Wide Web. He developed the software to more easily follow threads of knowledge within the information shared through-out the Internet. What Tim didn't know at the time was that he created arguably the best product in the 1900s.

- By the 1990s the World Wide Web was It was a way to get out of the house without leaving it, it let you connect with the world.

+Todays ComputingComputers to date have come a tremendous way. At first, all you could do was send text from one-another. To date there are literally millions of options on a computer. With millions of websites, games, E-mail, and Social Media sites you are sure to have a great time on a modern day computer. But what comes with good things, also come bad things. Unlike older computers, newer ones have a lot of spam, viruses, pharming, phishing, and other severe issues that can take your personal information and possibly money from you. The Internet and World Wide Web are growing at an unimaginable rate, and with just over 30% of people using the Internet in the world, its easier then ever to connect with others.

+Thanks forWatching!