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Hansen Name _____________________ World History Period _________ World War II Axis Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide Allied Morale Non-Aggression Pact Why was this a shock? Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but they _____________________________________ Why would the Nazis do it? _____________________________________ Why would the Soviets do it? __________________________ _____ _____________________________________ On ______________________, Poland was invaded from the East and the West _______________________. Invasion of Poland Karma - ____________________________________ Hitler uses Polish Corridor, Danzig as an excuse to invade What are they? ____________________________ ______________________________________________ ____________________________ A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement (+) Best Minds ________________ ____________________________ (+) Britain and France ___________ ____________________________ had not been attacked (-) Phony War - _____________ ___________________________________ An early view of what war in the East meant to Hitler ________________ Soviets were no better Katyn _________________________ Hitler gambled that the French and British would ____________ ____________________________________________________ He did ______ hope for _______________________ the French and British Hitler Turns West France should be Ok because of the _____________________. Weakness… __________________________________- __________________- lightening war Opposite of ____________________ Bombers _____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Tanks _______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ France fell in ___________________ Hitler’s Train Car Symbolism? ___________________________ ___________________________________________________ Vichy France ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ One Bright Spot for the Allies - __________________________ A British Army that was stationed in France _______________________ A fleet of army boats, but also ______________, picks up and saves the _____________army England Stands Alone ________________________ out and ______________________ in because ________________________________________________ Well, sort of alone The U.S., under ________________________________________ _________ started the _______________________ Program, which basically ______________________________________________
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HansenName _____________________ World HistoryPeriod _________ World War II Axis Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide Allied Morale Non-Aggression Pact.

Dec 13, 2015

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  • Slide 1

HansenName _____________________ World HistoryPeriod _________ World War II Axis Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide Allied Morale Non-Aggression Pact Why was this a shock? Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but they _____________________________________ Why would the Nazis do it? _____________________________________ Why would the Soviets do it? __________________________ _____ _____________________________________ On ______________________, Poland was invaded from the East and the West _______________________. Invasion of Poland Karma - ____________________________________ Hitler uses Polish Corridor, Danzig as an excuse to invade What are they? ____________________________ ______________________________________________ ____________________________ A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement (+) Best Minds ________________ ____________________________ (+) Britain and France ___________ ____________________________ had not been attacked (-) Phony War - _____________ ___________________________________ An early view of what war in the East meant to Hitler ________________ Soviets were no better Katyn _________________________ Hitler gambled that the French and British would ____________ ____________________________________________________ He did ______ hope for _______________________ the French and British Hitler Turns West France should be Ok because of the _____________________. Weakness __________________________________- __________________- lightening war Opposite of ____________________ Bombers _____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Tanks _______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ France fell in ___________________ Hitlers Train Car Symbolism? ___________________________ ___________________________________________________ Vichy France ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ One Bright Spot for the Allies - __________________________ A British Army that was stationed in France _______________________ A fleet of army boats, but also ______________, picks up and saves the _____________army England Stands Alone ________________________ out and ______________________ in because ________________________________________________ Well, sort of alone The U.S., under _________________________________________________ started the _______________________ Program, which basically ______________________________________________ Slide 2 Britain Must Hold Out Against A German Invasion Britain Must Hold _________________________________ However, this can only last as long as Britain ________________ The Battle of Britain was a battle for supremacy in the ________________ fought between the German Air Force (_________________) and the British Air Force (___________) Battle of Britain Versus the London Blitz Hitler gave up on the Battle of Britain Shouldnt have because __________________ _____________________________________ Turns instead to the London Blitz, in which _______________ ___________________________________________________ lucky for England. England _______ Never have so many owed so much to so few., meaning ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Hitler Turns East Operation ____________________ = the invasion of __________ Hitler is hoping for ______________________________________ My empire will last for ______________________. Whose biography should Hitler have studied? Operation Barbarossa started 129 years _______________ after ___________________ invasion of Russia. Three Pronged Assault: Prong one, to the ________________ aims at ____________________ Prong two, to the ________________ aims at ____________________ Prong three, to the ________________ aims at ____________________ Hitlers Commissar Order - ______________________________ _____________________________________________________ Surprise! On the 1st day of Operation Barbarossa advancing German forces passed a __________________________________. What does this show? _________________________________________ In the first 24 hours alone, the _______________________ almost entirely destroy and hundreds of thousands of Russian soldiers taken prisoner or killed Within a year, Hitlers forces have reached his targets- Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad, __________________ the Soviet Union The Pacific Theater Pearl Harbor Why did the Japanese do it? _______________________ ___________________________________________ ___ Japanese then won a string of victories in the Pacific as the U.S. attempted to recover from the nearly _______________________ From the Start of the War (Sept. 1939) through winter 1941, the Axis Have Been (almost) Unstoppable Behind the impenetrable Axis lines, Hitler has the time and privacy to start his ______________________ The promised ___________________________ Jews Slide 3 Allied Morale/Success High Low 2. Germany, Japan, and Italy start breaking the Treaty of Versailles- World Wide Depression 1. Treaty of Versailles- Germany is punished 3. Hitler crushes Poland 4. Hitler crushes France in less than 3 months 5. London is bombed 6. German General Rommel pushes allies out of all of North Africa except Egypt WWI [Trench Warfare] 7. Operation Barbarossa 8. Pearl Harbor8. Russian Winter 9. American victories in the Pacific, vitory in North Africa, Italian campaign, 10. Normandy 1939 1940 19411942 1943 1944 1945 Slide 4 Part I. Axis Victories or The Axis Shocks the World 1939-1941 Slide 5 Lets Review the Axis Challenges to the League German Rearmament The Rhineland The Spanish Civil War/Guernica Austria Ethiopia Manchuria The Munich Conference Fall of Czechoslovakia Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Slide 6 Britain and France Drew a Line in the Sand Belief that Hitlers next target was Poland Belief that Hitlers next target was Poland Britain and France declared that they would fight for Poland Britain and France declared that they would fight for Poland But then an earth shattering event But then an earth shattering event Slide 7 Nazi/Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Why was this a shock? Why was this a shock? Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but they also hated each other. Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but they also hated each other. Why would the Nazis do it? Why would the Nazis do it? Avoid two front war Avoid two front war Why would the Soviets do it? Why would the Soviets do it? Aim Hitlers army at the West Aim Hitlers army at the West Gain time to prepare (remember purges???) Gain time to prepare (remember purges???) On Sept. 1 st, 1939, Poland was invaded from the East and the West simultaneously. On Sept. 1 st, 1939, Poland was invaded from the East and the West simultaneously. Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 The Invasion of Poland Invasion of Poland Invasion of Poland Karma Poland had taken a piece of Czechoslovakia when it was attacked by Germany Karma Poland had taken a piece of Czechoslovakia when it was attacked by Germany Hitler used Polish Corridor/Danzig as an excuse to invade Hitler used Polish Corridor/Danzig as an excuse to invade What are they? What are they? Slide 11 Allied Intervention- France and Britain Declared War A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement (+) Best minds at the time believed it could be effective (+) Best minds at the time believed it could be effective (+) Britain and France did declare war when they themselves had not been attacked (+) Britain and France did declare war when they themselves had not been attacked (-) Phony War Britain and France didnt exactly back their attack up no fighting during the Polish campaign or for the next 6 months (-) Phony War Britain and France didnt exactly back their attack up no fighting during the Polish campaign or for the next 6 months An early view of what war in the East meant to Hitler An early view of what war in the East meant to Hitler Lebensraum and annihilation Lebensraum and annihilation Soviets were no better Soviets were no better Katyn Forest Massacre Katyn Forest Massacre Hitler gambled that the French and British would eventually negotiate once Poland had actually fallen Hitler gambled that the French and British would eventually negotiate once Poland had actually fallen He did not hope for a war against the French and British He did not hope for a war against the French and British Slide 12 Slide 13 Our strength is our speed and our brutality. Genghis Khan chased millions of women and children to death, consciously and with a happy heart. History sees him only as a great founder of states. It is of no concern, what the weak Western European civilisation is saying about me. I issued the command - and I will have everybody executed, who will only utter a single word of criticism - that it is not the aim of the war to reach particular lines, but to physically annihilate the enemy. Therefore I have mobilised my Skull Squads, for the time being only in the East, with the command to unpityingly and mercilessly send men, women and children of Polish descent and language to death. This is the only way to gain the Lebensraum, which we need. Who is still talking today about the extinction of the Armenians?"[ Our strength is our speed and our brutality. Genghis Khan chased millions of women and children to death, consciously and with a happy heart. History sees him only as a great founder of states. It is of no concern, what the weak Western European civilisation is saying about me. I issued the command - and I will have everybody executed, who will only utter a single word of criticism - that it is not the aim of the war to reach particular lines, but to physically annihilate the enemy. Therefore I have mobilised my Skull Squads, for the time being only in the East, with the command to unpityingly and mercilessly send men, women and children of Polish descent and language to death. This is the only way to gain the Lebensraum, which we need. Who is still talking today about the extinction of the Armenians?"[Genghis KhanSkull Squadssend men, women and children of Polish descent and language to deathLebensraumextinction of the Armenians[Genghis KhanSkull Squadssend men, women and children of Polish descent and language to deathLebensraumextinction of the Armenians[ Slide 14 Hitler Turns West French are OK, though, right? French are OK, though, right? Maginot Line Maginot Line Slide 15 WEAKNESS!!! Ardennes Forest Ardennes Forest Slide 16 Blitzkrieg lightning war lightning war Opposite of trench warfare from WWI Opposite of trench warfare from WWI Bombers create confusion and cut communications Bombers create confusion and cut communications Tanks cut through the enemy line and go straight for the population centers Tanks cut through the enemy line and go straight for the population centers Slide 17 Germany Tanks sneak through the Ardennes France falls in France falls in 5 weeks 5 weeks Think about WWI for a second Think about WWI for a second Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 One Bright Spot in the Fall of France The Miracle at Dunkirk The Miracle at Dunkirk A British Army that was stationed in France turns and runs like hell A British Army that was stationed in France turns and runs like hell A fleet of army boats, but also pleasure boats, picks up and saves the British Army A fleet of army boats, but also pleasure boats, picks up and saves the British Army Slide 22 Slide 23 Miracle at Dunkirk Slide 24 England Stands Alone Slide 25 Chamberlain Out/ Churchill In Why??? Slide 26 Well Sort of Alone The U.S., under President Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) starts the Lend-Lease Program Well give you military supplies until you can give them back later This is an oversimplification, but you get the ideatricky ways found by the U.S. president to aid the British Remember, lots of people in the U.S. still support isolationism Slide 27 End of Day #1 Lecture Slide 28 Britain Must Hold Out Against A German Invasion British Navy Must Hold the English Channel British Navy Must Hold the English Channel However, this can only last as long as Britain controls the air However, this can only last as long as Britain controls the air In WWII war, the airplane is supreme In WWII war, the airplane is supreme The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought between the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) and the British Air Force (the RAF) The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought between the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) and the British Air Force (the RAF) Slide 29 Battle of Britain v London Blitz Goal??? Why Hitler gave up??? Goal??? Slide 30 Never have so many owed so much to so few. In the End, Britain Held Slide 31 Hitler Turns Eastwards Slide 32 Operation Barbarossa Hitler angry! Hitler angry! Attack from Germany into Russia Attack from Germany into Russia Hitler is hoping for lebensraum and resources Hitler is hoping for lebensraum and resources My empire will last for 1000 years. My empire will last for 1000 years. Whose biography should Hitler have studied? Whose biography should Hitler have studied? Operation Barbarossa started 129 years to the day after Napoleons invasion of Russia. Operation Barbarossa started 129 years to the day after Napoleons invasion of Russia. Slide 33 Slide 34 Hitler's Commissar Order to his Generals Before Operation Barbarossa "The war against Russia cannot be fought in knightly fashion. The struggle is one of ideologies and racial differences and will have to be waged with unprecedented, unmerciful, and unrelenting hardness. All officers will have to get rid of any old fashioned ideas they may have. Any German soldier who breaks international law will be pardoned. Slide 35 The Nazi execution of Soviet civilians kneeling by the side of a mass grave at Kraigonev, USSR, following the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Anyone suspected of being a Communist official, along with Red Army officers and male Jews were chosen for execution. Slide 36 On the 1st day of Operation Barbarossa advancing German forces passed a Russian train bringing supplies to Germany. What does this show?On the 1st day of Operation Barbarossa advancing German forces passed a Russian train bringing supplies to Germany. What does this show? In the first 24 hours alone, the Russian Air- Force was almost entirely destroy and hundreds of thousands of Russian soldiers taken prisoner or killedIn the first 24 hours alone, the Russian Air- Force was almost entirely destroy and hundreds of thousands of Russian soldiers taken prisoner or killed Within a year, Hitlers forces have reached his targets- Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad, hundreds of miles into the Soviet UnionWithin a year, Hitlers forces have reached his targets- Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad, hundreds of miles into the Soviet Union Surprise! Slide 37 Pacific Theater Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor Why did the Japanese do it? Why did the Japanese do it? Japanese then won a string of victories in the Pacific as the U.S. attempted to recover from the nearly fatal blow to its Pacific Fleet Japanese then won a string of victories in the Pacific as the U.S. attempted to recover from the nearly fatal blow to its Pacific Fleet Slide 38 Slide 39 Slide 40 Pearl Harbor from a satellite Slide 41 Slide 42 Slide 43 From the Start of the War (Sept. 1939) through winter 1941, the Axis Has Been (almost) Unstoppable Behind the impenetrable Axis lines, Hitler has the time and privacy to start his promised Final Solution Behind the impenetrable Axis lines, Hitler has the time and privacy to start his promised Final Solution extermination of the Jews extermination of the Jews