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embargo1 Angered by an insulting remark attributed to Hamilton, Burr challenged the Federalist leader to a duel and fatally shot him Hamilton’s death in 1804 deprived the Federalists of their last great leader and earned Burr the enmity of many
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HAMILTON VS BURR

Feb 25, 2016

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Milton Ishizaki

HAMILTON VS BURR. Angered by an insulting remark attributed to Hamilton, Burr challenged the Federalist leader to a duel and fatally shot him. Hamilton’s death in 1804 deprived the Federalists of their last great leader and earned Burr the enmity of many. embargo1. BURR CONSPIRACY. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Page 1: HAMILTON VS BURR

embargo1

Angered by an insulting remark

attributed to Hamilton, Burr challenged the Federalist leader to a duel and fatally shot

him

Hamilton’s death in 1804 deprived the Federalists of their last great leader and earned

Burr the enmity of many

Page 2: HAMILTON VS BURR

embargo1

Secretly forming a political pact with some radical New

England Federalists.Burr planned to win the

governorship of New York in 1804.

Unite that state with the New England states, and then lead this group of states to secede

from the nation

Most Federalists followed Alexander Hamilton in opposing Burr, who was defeated in the New York election

The conspiracy then disintegrated

Page 3: HAMILTON VS BURR

In 1806, Burr planned to take Mexico from Spain

and possibly unite it with Louisiana under his ruleJefferson learned of the conspiracy and ordered Burr’s arrest and trial for

treason

A jury acquitted Burr, basing its decision on Marshall’s narrow definition of treason and the

lack of witnesses to any “overt act” by Burr

Page 4: HAMILTON VS BURR

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Page 5: HAMILTON VS BURR

Berlin Decree (1806), Milan Decree (1807):Berlin Decree (1806), Milan Decree (1807):

These decrees issued by Napoleon dealt with shipping These decrees issued by Napoleon dealt with shipping and led to the War of 1812. The Berlin Decree initiated and led to the War of 1812. The Berlin Decree initiated the Continental System, which closed European ports to the Continental System, which closed European ports to

ships which had docked in Britain. The Milan Decree ships which had docked in Britain. The Milan Decree authorized French ships to seize neutral shipping authorized French ships to seize neutral shipping

vessels trying to trade at British ports. vessels trying to trade at British ports. 

Orders-in-councilOrders-in-council British laws which led to the War of 1812. Orders-in-British laws which led to the War of 1812. Orders-in-council passed in 1807 permitted the impressment of council passed in 1807 permitted the impressment of sailors and forbade neutral ships from visiting ports sailors and forbade neutral ships from visiting ports

from which Britain was excluded unless they first went from which Britain was excluded unless they first went to Britain and traded for British goods. to Britain and traded for British goods. 

Page 6: HAMILTON VS BURR

1806: England closed ports under French

control to foreign shipping (incl. US), seized US ships & impressed Americans.

Napoleon ordered seizure of all merchant ships that

entered British ports.

impressment

ImpressmentImpressment An act of kidnapping An act of kidnapping a ship, its contents, a ship, its contents,

men and forcing men and forcing them into your navythem into your navy

Page 7: HAMILTON VS BURR

•1806, Chesapeake was a US merchant ship 10 miles off the coast of Virginia. A British ship in the region ordered it to stop.

•British fired 3 shots at the Chesapeake before it surrendered

•3 Americans were killed, 18 wounded and 4 sailors impressed

Chesapeake affair

Page 8: HAMILTON VS BURR

Most Americans were angered over this incident and public opinion was to go to war with the British.

Chesapeake article

Regarding the Chesapeake Affair, the Washington

Federalist reported,“We have never, on any

occasion, witnessed the spirit of the people excited to so

great a degree of indignation, or such a thirst for revenge,

as on hearing of the late unexampled outrage on the

Chesapeake. All parties, ranks and professions were

unanimous in their detestation of the dastardly

deed, and all cried aloud for vengeance.”

Page 9: HAMILTON VS BURR

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•Jefferson’s response to the

Chesapeake Affair was the Embargo

Act of 1807….•Short of war,

Jefferson attempted to defend our

neutrality by stopping all

American exports to the world.

Page 10: HAMILTON VS BURR

•Reasoning: Since England and France were at war with one another and traded for most of their natural resources with U.S., if we cut off

our exports to them it would force them to respect our neutrality….THIS IS CALLED

ECONOMIC COERCION. •It would have the reverse effect……

•The Embargo Act not only hurt France and Britain but it also hurt U.S. trade which was our

economic survival as a nation. As a result, many Americans defied the law and began to

smuggle goods from these countries as well as others.

•Hurt American businesses•New Englander’s shift from trade to industry•U.S. smuggled•New England talked of secession…..•Lasted 15 months, repealed in March of 1809

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Page 11: HAMILTON VS BURR

•American people were hostile towards Jefferson•Referred to the Embargo as “Dambargo, Mobrage,

Go Bar Em”….•Would be replaced by the

Non-Intercourse Act by President Madison which allowed U.S. exports and trade but not with France

and Great Britain……

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“Our ships all in motion,Once whiten’d the ocean;

They sail’d and return’d with a Cargo;Now doom’d to decayThey are fallen a prey,

To Jefferson, worms and EMBARGO.”

A Federalist circular in Massachusetts A Federalist circular in Massachusetts against the embargo cried out,against the embargo cried out,

““Let every man who holds the name of Let every man who holds the name of America dear to him , stretch forth his hands America dear to him , stretch forth his hands

and put this accursed thing, this Embargo and put this accursed thing, this Embargo from him. Be resolute, act like sons of liberty, from him. Be resolute, act like sons of liberty,

of God, and your country; nerve your arms of God, and your country; nerve your arms with vengeance against the Despot (Jefferson) with vengeance against the Despot (Jefferson)

who would wrest the inestimable germ of who would wrest the inestimable germ of your Independence from you---and you shall your Independence from you---and you shall

be Conquerors!!!”be Conquerors!!!”