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Group dynamics & team building

Apr 14, 2017

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Education

zprazan

  • Group Dynamics Group Dynamics

    &&

    Team BuildingTeam Building

    Dr. Z. Zayapragassarazan, PhD.Associate Professor of Educational Technology (Medical Education)

    Department of Medical Education

    JIPMER

    Puducherry-605006.

    E-mail: [email protected]

  • ObjectivesObjectivesAt the end of this session the participants shall be able -to understand the concept of group dynamics and team work-to identify the factors facilitating or hindering group dynamicshindering group dynamics-appreciate the role played by different team members-to recognize the stages of development of a team

  • GroupGroup

    A group is a collection of people with some

    common characteristics or purposecommon characteristics or purpose

  • Group DynamicsGroup Dynamics

    A group of two or more people interacting

    with each other in a manner that each

    person influences and is influenced by

    4

    person influences and is influenced by

    each other person

  • The Biggest Challenge?The Biggest Challenge?

    Getting People To

    5

    Getting People To

    W____ T________!

  • The Biggest Challenge?The Biggest Challenge?

    Getting People To

    6

    Getting People To

    Work Together

  • ExerciseExercise--11

    CommunicationCommunication

    7

    CommunicationCommunication

  • Communication Exercise Communication Exercise -- DiscussionDiscussion How does the message change when it is

    conveyed from one person to another?

    What were the weaknesses of the message itself hampering correct transfer?

    What were the weaknesses of the people What were the weaknesses of the people transferring the message?

    How can we communicate in a better & more effective way?

  • Communication Exercise Communication Exercise

    Educational ImplicationsEducational Implications

    One-way communication is ineffective when two-way communication is needed.

    Listening is just as effective as talking

    9

    What we say is often not what people hear

    It is difficult to describe visual pictures or objects

  • Team BuildingTeam Building

    Team

    Two or more people working together to

    achieve a shared goal

    10

    Team Building

    The process of getting people to work

    together effectively to achieve a shared goal

  • Exercise-2

    Lost on the moon

    Group Dynamics-Team Building

    Time: 15 min

    5min for Individual Ranking

    10 min for Group Ranking

  • What did we learn?What did we learn?

    How were decisions made?

    Who influenced the decisions and how?

    How could better decisions have been made?

    Did people listen to each other? if not why?

    What roles did group members adopt?

    How was conflict managed?

    What kinds of behavior helped or hindered the group?

  • Exercise-3

    Broken square game

    Co-operation and Co-ordinationCo-operation and Co-ordination

  • DiscussionDiscussion

    Different behaviors of team members

    Feelings of people who succeeded/left out/sacrificed for group goal

  • GroupGroup

    Two or more people who interact with

    each other to accomplish certain goals or

    meet certain needs.

  • Existence of a groupExistence of a groupIf a group exists the members:

    Motivate to join.

    Perceive the group as a unified unit

    of interacting people.

    Contribute in various degrees.Contribute in various degrees.

    Have agreements and disagreements,

    but finally a common outcome.

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Security

    Group reduces insecurity and standing alone syndrome.standing alone syndrome.

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Status

    Recognition and status same as that of group

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Self-Esteem

    Self importance

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Affiliation

    Fulfills need of affection

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Power

    There is power in number

  • Reasons for Joining GroupsReasons for Joining Groups

    Goal achievement

    Pool of talent, skills and knowledge

  • Five Stage Model of Group Five Stage Model of Group Formation Formation (Bruce Tuckman 1965)

    Members

    come to

    Members

    Work

    Together

    Group

    members

    work

    towards

    Group

    may

    disband

    either

    after

    meeting

    Stage I

    Forming

    Stage II

    Storming

    Stage III

    Norming

    Stage IV

    Performing

    Stage V

    Adjourning

    Members

    get to know

    each other &

    set ground

    rules

    come to

    Resist

    Control by

    group

    Leaders &

    Show

    hostility

    Together

    developing

    close

    relationships

    & feelings of

    cohesiveness

    towards

    getting

    their jobs

    done

    meeting

    their goals

    or because

    members

    Leave

    Forming

  • Factors Affecting Group PerformanceFactors Affecting Group Performance

    COMPOSITIONSIZE

    NORMS

    COHESIVENESS

    COMPOSITIONSIZE

  • Roles Played by Group MembersRoles Played by Group Members

    Task oriented Task oriented

    rolesroles

    Relations Relations

    oriented rolesoriented roles

    Self oriented Self oriented

    rolesroles

    Initiators: Initiators:

    Contributors

    Recommend new solutions to group problems.

    HarmonizersHarmonizers::

    Mediate group conflicts

    Blockers:Blockers:

    Act stubborn and resistant to the group.

    InformationInformation SeekersSeekers:: CompromisersCompromisers:: Recognition seekersRecognition seekers::InformationInformation SeekersSeekers::

    Attempt to obtain the necessary facts..

    CompromisersCompromisers::

    Shift own opinions to create group harmony..

    Recognition seekersRecognition seekers::

    Call attention to their own achievements..

    Opinion GiversOpinion Givers::

    Share own opinions with others

    EncouragesEncourages::

    Praise & encourage others

    DominatorsDominators::

    Assert authority by manipulating the group

    EnergizersEnergizers::

    Stimulate the group into action whenever interested

    ExpeditersExpediters::

    Suggest ways the group can operate more smoothly..

    AvoidersAvoiders::

    Maintain distance, isolate themselves from fellow group members..

  • QuestionsQuestions

  • SummarySummary

    A team is a group whose members work intensely with each other to achieve a specific, common goal or objective.

    Understanding group dynamics helps to identify personalities and helps in making ability personalities and helps in making ability grouping

    All teams are groups but not all groups are teams.

    Teams often are difficult to form.

    It takes time for members to learn how to work together.

    TEAM- Together Everyone Achieves More

  • ThanksThanksThanksThanks

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