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Greek Theatre. Greek Theatre 4 Athenian – 5 th – 4 th century BC 4 Result of a contest; each playwright submitted a trilogy of tragedy and one satyr play

Mar 27, 2015



  • Slide 1

Greek Theatre Slide 2 Greek Theatre 4 Athenian 5 th 4 th century BC 4 Result of a contest; each playwright submitted a trilogy of tragedy and one satyr play 4 Much pageantry and a winner at the end of each week 4 Combination of myth, philosophy, music and dance 4 Explored the violence of living Slide 3 The First Theatre? 4 The famous Dionysan theatre was built into the mountain that housed the famed Acropolis. Slide 4 The Academy Awards 4 The Dionysia was a spring celebration of the fertility god Dionysus known as the Festival of Dionysus 4 The last 3 days of the festival was dedicated to 3 writers and their tragedies. 4 The winner received a lily wreath. 4 Famous competitors: Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripedes. Slide 5 Order of Festival Days 4 Day 1 proagon plays announced 4 Day 2 processions, parades, sacrifices 4 Day 3 performance of the first five comedies 4 Day 4-6 performance of tragedies 4 Day 7 judging and awards Slide 6 The Dionysia: Athens Slide 7 The Three Tragedians 4 Aeschylus used two men as actors; one talking to the other 4 Sophocles used three actors; each played several parts 4 Euripedes used even more actors; angered the Greeks because he showed the Greeks and gods in a sometimes negative light as they really were; portrayed strong female character; killed by wild dogs Slide 8 The Legend of Thespis The "inventor of tragedy" was born in Attica The first prize winner at the Great Dionysia in 534 BC. He was an important innovator for the theatre, introduced:the independent actor masks make up costumes Slide 9 More About Thespis Thespis walked around Athens pulling a handcart, setting up a kind of one man play, where he showed the bad behavior of man. The word for actor " thespian" comes from his name. His contemporary Solon resented him, with the claim that what Thespis showed on stage would soon be acted out in reality as well. Slide 10 Actors 4 Men only -- one actor played several parts 4 wore high-heeled boots to add stature 4 masks often fitted with megaphones Slide 11 Parts of the Greek Stage 4 theatron the theatre 4 skene changing room 4 altar middle of stage 4 chitons brightly colored robes 4 onkoi wigs 4 kothurnoi shoes on small stilts 4 masks had built in megaphones for amplification; masks for comedies were always def Slide 12 Parts of a Greek Theatre Slide 13 Dodoni Ancient Greek Theatre 4 Theatres were built into sides of hills so that they could harness the natural acoustics. Slide 14 Theatre at Delphi Slide 15 Theatre at Argos Slide 16 Theater of Epidaurus 4 Restored during the 1950s. Can accommodate an audience of 14,000 4 Used for modern performances of ancient drama. Slide 17 Example Theatre Stage Slide 18 Masks 4 Masked actors performed outdoors in daylight before audiences of 10,000 or more at festivals. Slide 19 Masks 4 Masks were used to show facial expression. Slide 20 Masks 4 The use of masks enabled 1 actor to play several parts in one play. Slide 21 Masks 4 Victorian excavations of Pompeii revealed what might be considered ancient wallpaper. Slide 22 Masks 4 Roman Actors with their masks Slide 23 Greek Modesty 4 No censorship of events. 4 However, Greeks very polite on stage. 4 all spectacular action (death, murder, adultery) happens off stage -- only described. Slide 24 Functions of the Chorus 4 represents the feelings or morals of the characters or audience 4 gives important background information 4 summarizes events 4 comments on action or gives advice to the characters Slide 25 Structure of Greek Tragedy 4 Prologue: a preface or an introduction 4 Parados: marks the entrance of the Chorus when they first enter 4 Stasimon: songs the Chorus sings in Greek tragedy between episodes 4 Episode: the main action of the play; in Greek drama it refers to that part of a tragedy presented between two stasimons 4 Exodus: conclusion of the play 4 Exeunt: another word for Exit Slide 26 Greek Drama Unities 4 Time real time 4 Place all in one place 4 Action continuous action in one place 4 no violence is seen on stage Slide 27 Roman Empire: 4th and 5th Centuries B.C.E. 4 Romans adopt Greek fascination with theatre 4 Want more SPECTACLE 4 renovate Greek theatres (destroyed in war) 4 add a story to tiring houses (more costumes, props, and set construction) 4 save slaves to perform live out death scenes. Slide 28 Sets Greeks 4 mostly just one set 4 actors with huge masks 4 few props Romans 4 more elaborate sets 4 still use masks 4 many props 4 action on stage