Top Banner

Click here to load reader

GIS for Architects - MIT Libraries · PDF file GIS Software • ESRI ArcGIS - commonly used commercial GIS software –Runs on Windows – Macs use Bootcamp (or Parallels)....

Apr 30, 2020

ReportDownload

Documents

others

  • GIS for Architecture

    MIT GIS Services

    Libguides.mit.edu/gis

    [email protected]

  • What is GIS and what can I do with it?

  • • Make maps

  • • Make maps

    • Query geographic data

  • • Make maps

    • Query geographic data

    • Perform Analysis

  • • Make maps

    • Query geographic data

    • Perform Analysis

    • Present spatial data

  • points, lines, polygons

    Format: shapefile (.shp)

    Data Types - Vector

  • Row and column matrix

    Format: image or grid (.jpg, .tif, etc.)

    Examples: images, elevation, scanned maps

    Data Types - Raster O 2 O O O

    1 1 1

    O 2

    1

    2

    1

    1

    1

    O

    1

    1

    1

    1

    O

    1

    1

    1

  • Data types - Tabular

  • Where can I find data?

  • MIT Geodata Repository MIT GeoWeb – search 2000+ layers of MIT hosted GIS data and data from other schools.

    http://arrowsmith.mit.edu/mitogp/

  • GIS Services links to data: libguides.mit.edu/gis

  • Openstreetmap.org

    •Great source for building outlines, roads, water, transportation etc.

    •Information varies based on location

    •May not be 100% accurate

    •Download as a pdf, png, jpeg, or svg from openstreetmap

    •Download data as a shapefile from Geofabrik

    http://www.geofabrik.de/

  • More on CD/DVD in the MIT Library Collections

  • Create and add your own data Georeference a scanned map or image

  • Create and add your own data Geocode addresses

  • Create and add your own data Plot coordinates as points

  • Create and add your own data Draw your own shapes

  • Collect your own GPS data Global Positioning Systems are available for checkout from the Rotch Library Circulation desk

  • So I’ve got my data in the GIS… Now what?

  • View different datasets together

  • Display data with symbols and labels

  • GIS lets you query your geographic data

  • Query by attribute values – like a database

  • Query by location – like a smart map

  • GIS provides many tools to let you analyze your geographic data

  • Generate Contour Lines

    Automatically at the intervals you specify

  • Calculate buffer distances

    Calculate what is

    •inside

    •outside

    •within a certain distance

  • Perform spatial analyses

    •Analyze patterns

    •Map clusters

    •Measure geographic distributions

    •Model spatial relationships

  • Export to CAD

  • GIS lets you present geographic data

  • Make maps to convey data

  • 3D visualization and animation

  • Data Management Tips

  • GIS Software

    • ESRI ArcGIS - commonly used commercial GIS software

    – Runs on Windows – Macs use Bootcamp (or Parallels).

    – Available for download by MIT community.

    • Free, open source options (run on Mac & Windows)

    – Quantum GIS (QGIS)

    – GVSig

    http://ist.mit.edu/arcgis/10/win

  • MIT GIS Services - Individual & classroom GIS support

    - MIT GIS Lab located in Rotch Library - Email support through [email protected]

    - General workshops - Access to GIS data: Geodata Repository

    (GeoWeb & ArcMap Interface) - Loan GPS units to MIT community

    mailto:[email protected]