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General Industrial Automation

Apr 08, 2018

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    Industrial Automation

    GHULAM MAHMOOD MUJTABA

    Roll NO:- 04083054

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    The Realities of Modern

    Manufacturing

    Globalization - underdeveloped countries (e.g., China,

    India, Mexico) are becoming major players in

    manufacturing

    International outsourcing - Parts and products once madelocally are now being made offshore (in China or India) or

    near-shore (in Eastern Europe)

    Local outsourcing - Use of suppliers locally to provide

    parts and services

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    More Realities of Modern

    Manufacturing

    Contract manufacturing - Companies that specialize in

    manufacturing entire products, not just parts, under

    contract to other companies

    Trend toward the service sector Quality expectations - Customers, both consumer and

    corporate, demand products of the highest quality

    Need for operational efficiency - manufacturers must be

    efficient in their operations to overcome the labor cost

    advantage of international competitors

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    Automated system

    Basically Industrial

    automation is the use of

    robotic devices to

    complete manufacturingtasks.

    Use of computerized or

    robotic machines which

    are capable of handlingrepetitive tasks quickly

    and efficiently

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    Automated System

    Examples: Automated machine tools

    Transfer lines

    Automated assembly systems

    Industrial robots

    Automated material handling and storage systems

    Automatic inspection systems for quality control

    Automated

    System

    Periodic

    Worker

    Transformation Process

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    Automation Principle

    1. Understand the existing process

    Input/output analysis

    Value chain analysis

    Charting techniques and mathematical modeling2. Simplify the process

    Reduce unnecessary steps and moves

    3. Automate the process

    Analysis of requirement different machines fordifferent processes

    Replacement of manpower from robots and

    machines

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    Three Automation Types

    Programmable

    AutomationFlexible

    AutomationFixed

    Automation

    Variety

    Quantity

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    Fixed Automation

    Sequence of processing (or assembly) operations is fixed by

    the equipment configuration

    Typical features: Suited to high production quantities

    High initial investment for custom-engineered equipment

    High production rates

    Relatively inflexible in accommodating product variety

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    Flexible Automation

    System is capable of changing over from one job to the next

    with little lost time between jobs

    Typical features: High investment for custom-engineered system

    Continuous production of variable mixes of products

    Medium production rates

    Flexibility to deal with soft product variety

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    Programmable Automation

    Capability to change the sequence of operations througreprogramming to accommodate different productconfigurations

    Typical features:

    High investment in programmable equipment

    Lower production rates than fixed automation

    Flexibility to deal with variations and changes in

    product configuration

    Most suitable for batch production

    Physical setup and part program must be changedbetween jobs (batches)

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    Reasons forAutomating

    1. To increase labor productivity

    2. To reduce labor cost

    3. To mitigate the effects of labor shortages

    4. To reduce or remove routine manual and clerical tasks

    5. To improve worker safety

    6. To improve product quality

    7. To reduce manufacturing lead time

    8. To accomplish what cannot be done manually

    9. To avoid the high cost of not automating

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    THANK YOU

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