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Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

Jan 21, 2016

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Page 1: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

Gary Marret, RCDDGary Marret, RCDD

Page 2: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

•WHAT IS ETHERNET?WHAT IS ETHERNET?

•WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP?WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP?

•ETHERNET HARDWARE?ETHERNET HARDWARE?

•HOW DO I CABLE FOR HOW DO I CABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL ETHERNET?INDUSTRIAL ETHERNET?

Page 3: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

WHAT IS ETHERNET?WHAT IS ETHERNET?

•ETHERNET history– developed in 1973 as shared medium– bandwidth 10 Mbps– bus topology– CSMA/CD procedure for media access

Page 4: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

OLD ETHERNET NOT OLD ETHERNET NOT DETERMINISTICDETERMINISTIC

• NOT CHOSEN FOR FACTORY NOT CHOSEN FOR FACTORY NETWORKS, LACKED DETERMINISMNETWORKS, LACKED DETERMINISM

• DETERMINISM = ABILITY TO PREDICTDETERMINISM = ABILITY TO PREDICT

• ETHERNET WAS BASED ON SHARED ETHERNET WAS BASED ON SHARED BACK BONE AND HALF DUPLEXBACK BONE AND HALF DUPLEX

• FAST ETHERNET DEVELOPEDFAST ETHERNET DEVELOPED

Page 5: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

FAST ETHERNETFAST ETHERNET

•ETHERNET today– scalable bandwidth with 10/100/1000

Mbps– switched “Full Duplex” connection

without collisions– IEEE standards for prioritization and flow

control– standards for Copper, Fiber, Plastic, and

Wireless transmission

Page 6: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP?WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP?

• IP = INDUSTRIAL PROTOCOLIP = INDUSTRIAL PROTOCOL

• OPEN STANDARD FOR INDUSTRIAL OPEN STANDARD FOR INDUSTRIAL NETWORKSNETWORKS

• USES STANDARD ETHERNET AS A BASEUSES STANDARD ETHERNET AS A BASE

• ADDS AN APPLICATION PROTOCOL FOR ADDS AN APPLICATION PROTOCOL FOR FACTORY AUTOMATIONFACTORY AUTOMATION

Page 7: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

ETHERNET HARDWAREETHERNET HARDWARE

• TRANSCEIVERTRANSCEIVER

• MEDIA CONVERTERMEDIA CONVERTER

• HUBHUB

• SWITCHSWITCH

• ROUTERROUTER

• GATEWAYGATEWAY

Page 8: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

TRANSCEIVERSTRANSCEIVERS

• CONNECT NETWORK MEDIA TO AUI CONNECT NETWORK MEDIA TO AUI PORT ON EQUIPMENT (15 PIN DSUB)PORT ON EQUIPMENT (15 PIN DSUB)

• 10BASE-FL10BASE-FL• 10BASE-T10BASE-T• 10BASE-210BASE-2

Page 9: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

MEDIA CONVERTERSMEDIA CONVERTERS

• 10/100 MEDIA CONVERTERS10/100 MEDIA CONVERTERS

• GIGABIT MEDIA CONVERTERSGIGABIT MEDIA CONVERTERS

• FIBER OPTIC MEDIA CONVERTERSFIBER OPTIC MEDIA CONVERTERS

• SERIAL DATA MEDIA CONVERTERSSERIAL DATA MEDIA CONVERTERS

Page 10: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

HUBSHUBS

• SHARE ONE COMMUNICATIOS CHANNEL SHARE ONE COMMUNICATIOS CHANNEL FOR ALL DEVICES CONNECTED TO IT.FOR ALL DEVICES CONNECTED TO IT.

• REGENERATES INCOMING DATA AND REGENERATES INCOMING DATA AND DISTRIBUTES IT TO ALL PORTSDISTRIBUTES IT TO ALL PORTS

• CSMA/CDCSMA/CD• LAYER 1 OF THE OSI MODELLAYER 1 OF THE OSI MODEL

Page 11: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

SWITCHESSWITCHES

• ALWAYS USE FOR INDUSTRIAL ALWAYS USE FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONSAPPLICATIONS

• REGENERATES INCOMING DATA AND REGENERATES INCOMING DATA AND DISTRIBUTES IT ONLY TO THE DEVICE DISTRIBUTES IT ONLY TO THE DEVICE IT’S INTENDED FORIT’S INTENDED FOR

• PROVIDES POINT-TO-POINT PROVIDES POINT-TO-POINT CONNECTION BETWEEN DEVICESCONNECTION BETWEEN DEVICES

Page 12: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

ROUTERSROUTERS

• INTERCONNECTS NETWORKS WITH INTERCONNECTS NETWORKS WITH DIFFERENT LAYER 3 PROTOCOLSDIFFERENT LAYER 3 PROTOCOLS

• COMBINATION OF HARDWARE AND COMBINATION OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARESOFTWARE

• CONTROLS TRAFFIC BETWEEN CONTROLS TRAFFIC BETWEEN NETWORKSNETWORKS

Page 13: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

GATEWAYSGATEWAYS

• A ROUTER CONVERTS PROTOCOLS A ROUTER CONVERTS PROTOCOLS AND ENABLES DATA EXCHANGE AND ENABLES DATA EXCHANGE BETWEEN NETWORKSBETWEEN NETWORKS

Page 14: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

Evolving Factory Evolving Factory NetworkNetwork

Motors, Drives,

ActuatorsRobotics

Sensors and other Input/Output Devices

Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Human Machine Interface (HMI)

PC Based Controllers

Back-Office Mainframes and Servers (ERP, MES, CAPP, PDM, etc.)

Device Level Network

Ethernet

Office Applications, Internetworking, Data Servers, Storage

Corporate IT Network

Central NMS

Pager

Handheld

Scanner

Wireless Video Apps

Video Feed

Page 15: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

VLANsVLANs

• VIRTUAL LOCAL AREA NETWORKVIRTUAL LOCAL AREA NETWORK

• GROUPING OF DEVICES ON A SWITCH GROUPING OF DEVICES ON A SWITCH OR MULTIPLE SWITCHES ON A OR MULTIPLE SWITCHES ON A PHYSICAL LANPHYSICAL LAN

• PORT BASED VLANsPORT BASED VLANs

• PORT AND MAC ADDRESSED VLANsPORT AND MAC ADDRESSED VLANs

• NETWORK ADREESED VLANsNETWORK ADREESED VLANs

• PROTOCOL BASED VLANsPROTOCOL BASED VLANs

Page 16: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

QoSQoS

• MANAGES NETWORK TRAFFICMANAGES NETWORK TRAFFIC

• QoS CAN BE A COMBINED EFFORT OF QoS CAN BE A COMBINED EFFORT OF ROUTERS, SWITCHES, STATIONS, ROUTERS, SWITCHES, STATIONS, AND SERVERSAND SERVERS

Page 17: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

Quality of Service (QoS)Quality of Service (QoS)

Data Collection

Mission-Critical (Control)

Back Office

Configuration (File Transfer)

Page 18: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

HOW DO I CABLE FOR HOW DO I CABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL ETHERNET?INDUSTRIAL ETHERNET?

• ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.2 COMMERCIAL ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.2 COMMERCIAL BUILDING STANDARDS FOR BALANCED BUILDING STANDARDS FOR BALANCED TWISTED PAIRTWISTED PAIR

• ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.3 STANDARDS FOR ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.3 STANDARDS FOR OPTICAL FIBER CABLING COMPONENTSOPTICAL FIBER CABLING COMPONENTS

• ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A COMMERCIAL ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A COMMERCIAL BUILDING STANDARDS FOR PATHWAY BUILDING STANDARDS FOR PATHWAY AND SPACESAND SPACES

Page 19: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

CABLING TOPOLOGYCABLING TOPOLOGY

• STAR TOPOLOGYSTAR TOPOLOGY

• HIERARCHICAL STAR TOPOLGYHIERARCHICAL STAR TOPOLGY

WS

WS

TR

WS

WS

WS

MC

WS

WS

WS

WS

IC

TR

TR

WS

WSWS

Page 20: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

RECOGNIZED HORIZONTAL RECOGNIZED HORIZONTAL CABLE TYPESCABLE TYPES

• FOUR-PAIR 100 OHM BALANCED FOUR-PAIR 100 OHM BALANCED TWISTED PAIR - UTP or ScTPTWISTED PAIR - UTP or ScTP

• TWO OR MORE STRANDS OF TWO OR MORE STRANDS OF 50/125um OR 62.5/125um 50/125um OR 62.5/125um MULTIMODE OPTICAL FIBER CABLE MULTIMODE OPTICAL FIBER CABLE

Page 21: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

HORIZONTAL CABLING HORIZONTAL CABLING DISTANCESDISTANCES

• 90 METER (295’) MAXIMUM FROM 90 METER (295’) MAXIMUM FROM THE PATCH PANEL TO THE THE PATCH PANEL TO THE OUTLET/CONNECTOROUTLET/CONNECTOR

• 5 METER (16’) MAXIMUM FROM 5 METER (16’) MAXIMUM FROM OUTLET TO DEVICEOUTLET TO DEVICE

• 10 METER (33’) MAXIMUM FOR THE 10 METER (33’) MAXIMUM FOR THE TOTAL COMBINED LENGTH OF PATCH TOTAL COMBINED LENGTH OF PATCH CORDSCORDS

Page 22: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

UTP or ScTP?UTP or ScTP?

• USE MINIMUM CAT5e UTP OR ScTPUSE MINIMUM CAT5e UTP OR ScTP

• GROUND LOOP CONCERNS WITH ScTPGROUND LOOP CONCERNS WITH ScTP

• MAXIMUM 1V rms BETWEEN SHIELD MAXIMUM 1V rms BETWEEN SHIELD AND EQUIPMENT GROUND WIRE AT AND EQUIPMENT GROUND WIRE AT OUTLETOUTLET

• GROUND AT PATCH PANEL ONLYGROUND AT PATCH PANEL ONLY

• OPTICAL FIBER IS BEST FOR NOISE OPTICAL FIBER IS BEST FOR NOISE IMMUNITYIMMUNITY

Page 23: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

• Remove as little as possible of the jacket up to Remove as little as possible of the jacket up to the connectorthe connector

• Maintain twist up to the termination – under .5”Maintain twist up to the termination – under .5”

INSTALLATION PRACTICESINSTALLATION PRACTICES

Page 24: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

INSTALLATION PRACTICESINSTALLATION PRACTICES

• AVOID EMI RFIAVOID EMI RFI

• SUPPORT CABLESUPPORT CABLE

• USE CABLE TRAYUSE CABLE TRAY

• USE INNERDUCTUSE INNERDUCT

• ADHERE TO CABLE MANUFACTURER ADHERE TO CABLE MANUFACTURER SPECIFICATIONSSPECIFICATIONS

• LABEL, LABEL, LABELLABEL, LABEL, LABEL

Page 25: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

RECOGNIZED BACKBONE RECOGNIZED BACKBONE CABLE TYPESCABLE TYPES

• 100 OHM BALANCED TWISTED PAIR100 OHM BALANCED TWISTED PAIR

• 50/125um OR 62.5/125um OPTICAL 50/125um OR 62.5/125um OPTICAL FIBER CABLEFIBER CABLE

• SINGLEMODE OPTICAL FIBER CABLESINGLEMODE OPTICAL FIBER CABLE

Page 26: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

BACKBONE CABLING BACKBONE CABLING DISTANCEDISTANCE

• DETERMINED BY DATA RATE, DETERMINED BY DATA RATE, BANDWIDTH, AND MEDIA TYPEBANDWIDTH, AND MEDIA TYPE

• UTP/ScTP CAT5e CANNOT EXCEED 90 UTP/ScTP CAT5e CANNOT EXCEED 90 METERS FOR ETHERNET BACKBONESMETERS FOR ETHERNET BACKBONES

Fiber TypeCore/Clad (microns)

850-nm BW

(MHz-km)

1300-nm BW

(MHz-km)

1 Gb Distance

(m @ 850)

1 Gb Distance

(m @ 1300)

10 Gb Distance

(m @ 850)6F 62.5/125 200 500 300 7006U 62.5/125 220 1000 500 12005H 50/125 500 500 600 6005L 50/125 2000* 500 600 600 3005M 50/125 950* 500 600 600 150

Page 27: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

RESOURCESRESOURCES• www.cisco.comwww.cisco.com

• www.commscope.comwww.commscope.com

• www.hellermann.tyton.comwww.hellermann.tyton.com

• www.hirschmann.comwww.hirschmann.com

• www.levitonvoicedata.comwww.levitonvoicedata.com

• www.panduit.comwww.panduit.com

• www.signamax.comwww.signamax.com

• www.unicomlink.comwww.unicomlink.com

• http://ethernet.industrial-networking.http://ethernet.industrial-networking.comcom

Page 28: Gary Marret, RCDD WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? WHAT IS ETHERNET/IP? ETHERNET HARDWARE? ETHERNET HARDWARE? HOW DO I CABLE.

QUESTIONS?QUESTIONS?