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Friends of Durruti: A chronology (Paul Sharkey, 1984)

Oct 26, 2014

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PaulSharkey TheFriendsofDurruti--- AChronology J 6rnl.ulIoflUecl1.9deJulio10'fie, .....contra.elfallcienlone:glo.el9derfayoI ...hicleron148c:onJura,()ione. c1;.."lq ....de 109partido.PC'l"ci\oNblrquele. ",lIad.,.con clcapU all ..noInlernadonal EditorialCrisol,Tokyo,Japan May1984,thefirstimpressionofthefirstedition Spain Japan therest postageonly donationneeded US$1oritseqpivalent (includingsurfacemailpostage) (airmailpostageextra) EditorialCrisol,Tokyo,Japan,isaone-manpublishing collectivewhoseaimsareasfollows;, ()tublishPaulSharkey,TheFriendsofDurrut1---aA1984,inEnglish., (b)topublishthe versionofHaC1aunanueva revolucion,1985.fhh Crisoliscomposedofonlyonernant'and t'cessaryfund,translate,ypean businesssoastoattaintheabove hasbeenputtingHaciaintoJapanese:Hetakfes .tfrommaterialsabouttheFr1ends0 muchencouragernen, Drrutiwhicharesenttoh1m. uBthewayduringthe Revolution,someJananese wereYinvolved'intheactualbattles .Onlyone, izedHewasJac1ral identityhasalreadybeenrec)gn'stwhodiedatthe (aliaSt nextmatter. Bruneeron,'.',1NYork1953 (a)TheVolunteersbySteveNeson' ,ew, (b)TheBookoftheXVBrigade,,1938'sited AccordingtoacertainJapanese Sainthosedays,severalmore Butas bPoththeRepublicancampsand,theNat10nallstcampshb ,th 'amesnord01ngsaveeen amatterofregx'et,ne1 therelrn knowndowntodate.,t' Ifabodyhasinformat10n,documentsortes1monles theabovementionedJapanese,tohim.They,eventhoughtrivialoruncerta1n,wou appreciatedinvaluably.manytidingsinnotdistant Hopefully,hecouldget future. Publisher contact;ISOYATakero cloTokiwa-so Minami-kase2516 Saiwai-ku Kawasaki-shi 211JAPAN Preface MyhopeisthatthechronologyI'lhichfollowsmaygosomeofthe waytowardssheddingsomelightuponthefactsabouttheFoDgroup. Becausethefactisthat,althoughnearlyeverytextbookonthe SpanishRevolutionfeelsobligedtomentionthegroupinconnection withtheMayEventsof1937,thescrupulousreaderwillbeconfused ratherthaninformedbythewidevarietyofassertionsencountered. Evenhistorianswhomiehtbeexpectedtobescrupulouslydili"entin theirresearchhavepennedremarksthatcaneasilyberefutedor can'tbesustainedbyevidence.Oneoftheearliestmisrepresentations oftheFoDgroupCameinapamphletonthesubjectofthe!.In.yDays whichwaspublishedbyEdicionesEbro.Inreply,theFoD(inElAmigo delPueblo,no.7,31August1937)accusedtheauthorsof' slipshod worlc,poordocumentationoranattempttoex cusetheI'larpedattitude adoptedbythecommitteesconcerningourinterventioninthosedays offighting.''rhosefeaturesarereadilydis coveredeveninmore recentauthors. TheprincipalallegationagainstthePoDcroupisthat,withits talkofa'RevolutionaryJunta'itwasflirtingwithBolshevism,Lenin ism,Marxism.Somen.cweseenpresumptionintheeetablislunentof s uchaJunta.Yet,itwasneversetup,andareadin/,:oftheFon manifesto'Tol'lardsaFreshRevolution'willshowwhy.TheJuntawas tobeelectedbyandaccountabletotheunionrankandfile. [,rFrontera,norby theMoscowtrials.Norweretheyafraidtoacknowledgethe revolutionarycredentialsofMarxists.Yettheysorelyresentedthe descriptionmarxistwhenappliedtothemselves.Inshort,theywere unluckyenoughtohaveheldthatanarchismwasandhadbeenandstill wouldbetheirgoal.InElAmigodelPueblo,no.3(12June1937)Ada MartipaidtributetoaPOUMmember,FranciscoJordaMontana,whohad nrovenherrevolutionarycredentialsbyheractions.l"ittingly,it wasAdawritingelsewherewhoencapsulatedwhattheFoDwereso painfullytodiscoverthroughouttheirexistenceandintheirdealings withtheCNT's'circumstancialists'.'AndItellyouthisjthereare nofriendsinhighplaces.Fearoflosingtheir"dignity"makesthem strikemajesticposeswhichdistancethemfromremembranceoftheir friends.'(Esfuerzo,Baroelona,7October1937) PaulSharkey April1984 *HelmutRuediger,ElAnarcosindicalismoenlaRevolucion Espanola,Barcelona1938,p.32.Elsewhere(p.29)Ruedigerattempts toexplainawaytheemergenceofadisaffectedlibertarianpress (includingElAmigodelPueblo)pyalludingtothe' undulybland natureofcertainofficialorgans.'ForRuediger'sownadherenceto thepreceptsofanarchism, . seeManuelAzaretto,LasPendientes Resbaladizas(105AnarquistasenEspana),Montevideo,1939 2 **PavelandClaraThalmannCombatspourla_L_i berte; cou-Madrid-Paris,Quimperle,1983.' KULetter Union(;ommuniste,dated17November1937(quotedinH. ChrgnlQuedelaRevolutionEspanole,Ed.Srartacus,Paris ,979).InesarM.Lorenzo'sLosAnarquistasyelInris,1972,1orenzospeaksofUnionvommunistespeakingonbehalfof theFoD,thePOUMandsomeelementsoftheLibertarianYouthd f?rtheformation'ofthesegroUP!! .intoaunitfor_thean lab)oratlon0:progammeoftheproletarianrevolution.'(p.219 lSmlsleadinghere.HeoughttoknowthatUnion' ,(;Ommunlste,asmallgroupwhichhadgrownoutoftheLigue vranceandwasurgingthisamalgamationratherthan It,andalsothatthemanifestohequotedwasahandbill atameetingintheVelodromed'Hiver,Paris,18June 1937!ltspurpose beinGtoexposeandembar o, ssthespeakers,Garcia Oliv1erFeder1caMontseny,whohad'pacified'theanarchistsin Barcelona1nMayi937. *************** TheFriendsofDurruti--- AChronology 8.9.36. that'The Obrer:,JaimeBaliuqgiveshisopinion Benwarmusbebornebythebouutinadditiontomoneysseizedfromtheenemywemustimrgeo1S charge everytownship.Nooneis'tobe 15crge.InthlSgravehour';eut sothatsocialnoeforgottenthatthecomradesonthefrontare. conductoftheworkersleftbehindinthe uponthe 3 October1936. 'rheWarCommitteeoftheDurrutiColumndecidesto sendadelegatetothecelebrationsontheanniversaryoftheOctober RevolutioninMoscow.Scepti calastothepurposeoftheinvitation receivedfromtheSovietconsulinBarcelona,Antonov-Ovsenko . DurrutinonethelessdravlSupanorenletteradd.ressedtosoviet workers.FranciscoCarreno,theformerteacherwhobelongstothe Column'si'larCommitteeandhasspecialresponsibilityforpropaganda isohosenasthedelegate.'rheopenlettersays'Wehavenoconfidence inpoliticsevenifite;o esbythenamedemo craticorantifascist.We trustinourclassbrothers( )notforanythi ngintheworldare wegoingtorenounceourprinciples,theprincipl esoftheworking struggleforliberation.'Carrenovi s itstheSovietUnion I-li thriJartinGudel!.CarrenoIvillbeaFoDmember. Baliuswho ,in1935hadpubl i s hedabook( OctubreCatala n! I) onthes ubjectoft heOct ober1934upri s inf,incatalonia1,ritesinan a rt i cleinsolidaridadObreraentitledcannotf orget;6October ' apr ouosofCat a lani s tattempt stomarkthes econda nnivers aryofthe r evolt.'orithes e conda nniversaryoft heOctobereventVIehavet.o ureeal l\-!Orkerstoensuretha ttherevolutionpermeateseveryaspect oflife .'l'heconsequences\"1 i llbedeplorablei fthet r a nsformation ina u[,ura tedon19Julys houldbenothingmorethananoutwards how 6Octoberdeservestobepas sedove rins ilence.a longsidethe : feat sofJuly,therei snocomparisonpos s ible.' 10.10.36. Agovernmentde creeestablishesthepopularArmyandmakes provi s ionformilit arisationofthevolunteermilitias. 15. 10.36 InsolidaridadObrera,JaimeBaliuscompl a insofthe counter-revolutionaryundertonesofthepe t it-bourgeo i spressa nd warnsagainstapnlyingabraketotherevolut ion.' TheRevoluti onhas t obes erved'l'Ii thouts elfi s hne ssLeta nywhofee lunabletofolIo usstepasideandleaveusaclearpath.' InSolidaridadObrera,Baliusurgesdecentralisationand devolutiontodistrictlevel.'Letusnotforgetthattheremustbe decentralisation.Letusrememberthatshouldanycentralisingorgan comeintoexistence,thecreativeopportunitieswhichhavecostso muchbloodandforwhichsomuchbloodhasyettobeshedwill largelybelosttous.' 4 November1936. IntervieweabyL'E. governmentdecreesrelative Durrutisays Thisdecision ' bthe0regurallsationofthemilitias i1j,:alJsolutel;rde1}oid haehadadeplorableeffect.It 't -byThere an mlit1I:1B'' We and'thatofthemilitia:;: rlleoftheotherone.'oneoftheseattitudesh!il:atovanishinthe ') . 11.36. SolidaridadObrera't' overtheCN'r-FAIradiostat..prlnsaradlobroadcastmadebyDurruti Oatalonia.'Thetimeha1. cm ,andaddressedtotheworkersof 1 Iscometodemdi vinginthecities'rhansacrficesalsofromthose workersintherear'fOere beeffectivemobilisationofall whatsortofmenwe' w0alreadyonthefrontwanttoknow lhomi litarisationdecreed 1.nourrearIftheobjectof ri'eGeneralidadit t. osta nlrondiscl' pll'neus0Inlmldateusand pon that'.. rlttthorsofthedecreetocomet1.SamIstakeandweinvitethe moral eanddiscipline.Theh thefronttogetatasteofour rmddis ciplineintherearn wedSagoandcomparethosewithmorale ntrustthemanagementoftguhar HewhohaveleftCatalonia I eeconomytoyouY1 .0yourresponsibilitiedd'..ouasomtta'liveup sanlsclpllneyours elves .' ?O. 11.36. milli onDurrutiwaskilledonthefront.(Overhalfa peopleattendhisfuneralinBarcelona.) Por108fucro8dela"Verdad No80lIl08agente8 provocadore8 porJAIMEBALIUS Halltranscurridomuy pocashorasdelasjd oidoselfra,ordelcombatePaorn!,asdemayo.Aunperduraennueslros que,auroleadosdeunaten,aOlosanuestroladoaquelloscamaradn! Ntn,e saroncon.ufrenteelpavimentobarcelones uesrocuerpoynuestro.nervlose.tantd.. Nossentlmosmaltrechosyfatlrad0aVlal presosdeaquellaa,ltacionlilantina. conceptosquesehanvertldocont os'1 peronosscnt mosdolorldos,enIradosumo,por105 .,alarevoluclon,qulslthos q::deamoralasIdeas ment oyacadaInstanteporlosstoeasveam osrasladasacada010 I\quelloshombresquesaivaron;cquedeberiantencrunpocodeconslderaclona aspana,enlasjornadasdejuliodelpredomlnlofasclsta. 5 2.12.36. JaimeBaliuswritesinSolidaridadObrera,'Theso-called CatalanquestionassuchhasbeenresolvedLetusbeequaltothe demandsofthepresentmoment.' 6.12.36. HritinginSolidaridadObi'eraonthesubjectof'Durruti's testament',Baliusasserts,'Durrutiroundlystatedthatweanarchists requirethattherevolutionbeofanallpervasive(totalitario) nature,andthatthecomradessosteadfastlyresistingfascismonthe fieldsofbattle nottolerateanyonetamperingwith revolutionaryandliberatingcontentofthepresentmoment.' December1936. 'l'heGermanvolunteersintheDurrutiGolumn's InternationalGroupexpresstheirobjectionstomilitarisationimposed fromI'li thoutandlistanumberoffactorstheyinsistshouldbe incorporatedintoany militarycode;theywantthedelegatesystem tobere tainedalongId thegalitarianfeaturesandwantsoldiers' CouncilstorepresentthearmyasaI"hole. 17.12.36. InSolidaridadObrera,JaimeBaliussaysofopportunists andupstartsthat"rherevolutionmustbeharsh,wemightevensay brutal'l'hetimehascometopurifythecadresoftherevolution. Unlessdothis,Vieriskma

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