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Foundations of American Political Philosophy

Feb 24, 2016




Foundations of American Political Philosophy. Magna Carta. Protections from unjust punishment Protection of life, liberty, and property Certain taxes must have the consent of Parliament. English Bill of Rights. Rejection of absolutism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Foundations of American Political Philosophy

Foundations of American Political Philosophy

Magna CartaProtections from unjust punishmentProtection of life, liberty, and propertyCertain taxes must have the consent of Parliament

English Bill of Rights

Rejection of absolutismParliament must approve: Suspension of laws, Taxes, Standing ArmyMonarch cannot interfere in Parliamentary elections or debateGuarantee of fair and speedy trial by peersForbids Cruel and Unusual Punishments

Locke: Two Treatises on GovernmentSocial Contract: rulers given authority by the consent of the governedInalienable rights: Life, liberty, and PropertyGovernments formed to protect rights

The Mayflower Compact

Civil Body Politick

FACT:The American Revolution was a bad break-up that was just waiting to happen taxes were just the straw that broke the Camels backLike the lemons in The Break-UpColonial HistoryVirginia Jamestown (1607)Chartered as a merchant colony; tobacco main cash crop (hoped for gold); indentured service and rough men; slavery first natives then20:1 ration men to women; drinking gamblingMassachusetts (1620; 1630)Pilgrims: Plymouth; first go to Netherlands, then to America; working class and humblePuritans: Boston; very religious (intolerant); high education and professional; carefully plan colony, legislature based on English government; high living standardMaryland (1632)Founded as catholic refuge later begin to allow protestants; becomes slave colony

Colonial HistoryNew York (1670)Originally New Amsterdam; set up as trading post (fur) with no future plans and no military presence; English take over in 1670 and renameCarolinas Settled by plantation owners from Barbados, bring system with them; rice plantations spring up, need for slave labor (African); slaves out number colonists 2:1 by 1700sPennsylvaniaFounded by Quakers; radical and egalitarian, universal suffrage; maintain friendly relations with natives, outlaw slavery

Colonial GovernmentsDiversity Religious vs. Commercial rootsEscape from primacyWritten ConstitutionsSeparation of PowersLimited governmentColonial LegislaturesMade policy for day-to-day issuesBritish policy of Salutary Neglect

9Road To RevolutionThe Proclamation Line (1763)barring colonial settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains in PennsylvaniaThe Sugar Act (1764)establish a British monopoly in the American sugar marketallowed royal officials to seize colonial cargo with little or no legal causeRoad To RevolutionThe Stamp Act (1765)taxation without representation.Sons of Liberty and Stamp Act CongressThe Townshend Duties (1767)taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea entering the colonies.profits used to pay the salaries of the royal governorsBoston Massacre (1770)Committees of Correspondence (1770-1772)

Road To RevolutionBoston Tea Party (1773)Tea Act in 1773 eliminated import tariffs on tea entering England a group of colonists dressed as Native Americans dumped about $70,000 worth of the tea into Boston HarborIntolerable Acts (1774)Closed Boston Harbor to trade until the city paid for the lost tea. Removed certain democratic elements of the Massachusetts government, most notably by making formerly elected positions appointed by the crown. Restricted town meetings, requiring that their agenda be approved by the royal governor Declared that any royal agent charged with murder in the colonies would be tried in Britain. Instated the Quartering Act, forcing civilians to house and support British soldiers