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Fiziko: baza kurso, unua parto

Apr 03, 2016

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Lernolibro pri baza fiziko, far Walter Bernard

  • Enhavo1eneralajfundamentoj.....................................................................................................1

    1.1Natursciencalabormetodo...........................................................................................11.2Mezuro........................................................................................................................21.3SistemointernaciadeunuojSIsistemo...................................................................3

    1.3.1Metro...................................................................................................................41.3.2Kilogramo...........................................................................................................41.3.3Sekundo...............................................................................................................5

    1.4Prefiksoj......................................................................................................................51.5Kelkajsimplajderivitajgrandoj..................................................................................6

    1.5.1Areo.....................................................................................................................61.5.2Volumeno............................................................................................................7

    1.6Precizodemezurokajprecizodekalkulado...............................................................81.6.1Signifajciferoj.....................................................................................................81.6.2Regulojporlasolvodeproblemoj......................................................................91.6.3Solvendajproblemoj............................................................................................9

    1.7Movokajrapido........................................................................................................101.7.1Prezentodemovo...............................................................................................101.7.2Mezarapidomomentarapido.........................................................................121.7.3Ekzemploj..........................................................................................................131.7.4Solvendajproblemoj..........................................................................................141.7.5Respondojallasolvendajproblemojdeapitro1.............................................14

    2Kelkajbazajgrandoj.......................................................................................................15

    2.1Forto..........................................................................................................................152.1.1Mezurodeforto..................................................................................................152.1.2Fortokielvektoro...............................................................................................162.1.3LeojdeNewtonprimovo................................................................................162.1.4FortokajetendoleodeHooke.......................................................................182.1.5Kompensoliniokompensorekto.......................................................................19

    2.2Maso.........................................................................................................................202.2.1Mezurodemaso................................................................................................202.2.2Pezoforto...........................................................................................................212.2.3Solvendajproblemoj.........................................................................................22

    2.3Denso........................................................................................................................222.3.1Denso.................................................................................................................232.3.2Solvendajproblemoj.........................................................................................252.3.3Respondojalsolvendajproblemojdeapitro2................................................25

    3Transmisiodefortoenfluidoj........................................................................................26

    3.1Strukturodematerio.................................................................................................263.1.1Grandodepartikloj............................................................................................263.1.2Statojdematerio................................................................................................27

    3.2Transmisiodefortopremo.....................................................................................283.2.1Kalkuladodepremo..........................................................................................303.2.2Atmosferapremoabsolutapremorelativapremo........................................303.2.3Hidralikajsistemoj..........................................................................................32

  • 3.3Hidrostatikapremo...................................................................................................333.3.1Kalkuladodehidrostatikapremo......................................................................333.3.2Hidrostatikaparadokso.....................................................................................343.3.3Utubajmanometroj..........................................................................................343.3.4Atmosferapremo...............................................................................................353.3.5Suprenforto........................................................................................................363.3.6Naado..............................................................................................................383.3.7Ekzemploj.........................................................................................................383.3.8Solvendajproblemoj.........................................................................................393.3.9Respondojallasolvendajproblemojdeapitro3.............................................39

    4PremoVolumenoTemperaturo.................................................................................40

    4.1Premokajvolumenodegasoj...................................................................................404.1.1Premokajdensodegasoj...................................................................................414.1.2Ekzemploj..........................................................................................................41

    4.2Temperaturo..............................................................................................................434.2.1Termometroj......................................................................................................43

    4.3Dilatotermika...........................................................................................................444.3.1Liniadilatodesolidajkorpoj............................................................................444.3.2Volumenadilatodesolidajkorpoj.....................................................................474.3.3Volumenadilatodelikvoj.................................................................................484.3.4Ekzemploj.........................................................................................................504.3.5Volumenadilatodegasoj..................................................................................514.3.6Ekvaciodestatodegasoj..................................................................................534.3.7Ekzemploj.........................................................................................................544.3.8Solvendajproblemoj.........................................................................................55

    5LaboroEnergioPovumo...........................................................................................56

    5.1Laboro.......................................................................................................................565.2Energio......................................................................................................................575.3Transformodeenergio..............................................................................................585.4Mezurodelaboro......................................................................................................595.5Mezurodeenergio....................................................................................................605.6Konservadokajsenvalorigodeenergio...................................................................615.7Simplajmainoj........................................................................................................62

    5.7.1Klinitaebeno.....................................................................................................625.7.2Takelo................................................................................................................64

    5.8Rendimento...............................................................................................................655.9Eternamovilo............................................................................................................665.10Froto........................................................................................................................67

    5.10.1Frotkoeficiento.................................................................................................685.10.2Frotlaboro........................................................................................................68

    5.11Etendlaboro

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