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FINAL YEAR PROJECT SYNOPSIS · PDF file FINAL YEAR PROJECT SYNOPSIS 3-D MAPPING AUTONOMOUS FLIGHT QUADCOPTER WITH INDUCTIVE CHARGING Submitted by: Muhammad Ayaz Qureshi 2013-EE-27

Oct 30, 2020

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  • FINAL YEAR PROJECT SYNOPSIS 3-D MAPPING AUTONOMOUS FLIGHT QUADCOPTER WITH

    INDUCTIVE CHARGING

    Submitted by:

    Muhammad Ayaz Qureshi 2013-EE-27

    Muhammad Ismail Saleem 2013-EE-29

    Wajid Ali 2013-EE-35

    Hummad Ahmed Usmani 2013-EE-46

    Supervised by: Dr. Khalid Mahmood ul Hassan

    Department of Electrical Engineering

    University of Engineering and Technology Lahore

  • FINAL YEAR PROJECT SYNOPSIS 3-D MAPPING AUTONOMOUS FLIGHT QUADCOPTER WITH

    INDUCTIVE CHARGING

    Submitted to the faculty of the Electrical Engineering Department

    of the University of Engineering and Technology Lahore

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of

    Bachelor of Science

    in

    Electrical Engineering.

    Final Year Project Advisor Final Year Project Coordinator

    Department of Electrical Engineering

    University of Engineering and Technology Lahore

    i

  • Declaration

    I declare that the work contained in this synopsis is my own, except where explicitly

    stated otherwise. In addition this work has not been submitted to obtain another degree

    or professional qualification.

    Signed:

    Date:

    ii

  • Acknowledgments

    We express our deep sense of gratitude to Professor Dr. Khalid Mahmood ul Hassan,

    for accepting our final year project proposal. May Almighty Allah gives us health and

    ability to complete this project sucessfully.

    iii

  • To our parents, teachers and all the well wishers out there . . .

    iv

  • Contents

    Acknowledgments iii

    Abbreviations vii

    Abstract viii

    1 Introduction 1

    2 History 2

    2.1 Recent Developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    3 Objectives 4

    3.1 Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    3.2 Wireless Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    3.3 Wireless Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    3.4 Self-Balanced System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    3.5 3-D Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    3.6 Techniques to Implement 3-D Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    4 Rough Cost Analysis 6

    5 Software Tools 7

    6 Project Feasibility 8

    7 Estimated Completion Time and Flow Chart 9

    7.1 Deliverable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    7.2 Project Flow Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    8 Prospective Problems 11

    9 Future Work and Applications 12

    9.1 Future Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    9.2 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    10 Block Diagram 13

    v

  • Contents vi

    References 15

  • Abbreviations

    UAVs Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    GUI Graphical User Interface

    SFM Structure From Motion

    ESC Electronic Speed Control

    PMA Powermat compatible standard

    Qi Wireless Power Consortium standard

    vii

  • Abstract

    Quad-Copter is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) which is operated to fly indepen-

    dently. In our project, we are designing a fully automated Quad-Copter programmed

    in a manner, that will fly a specific amount of distance for specific period of time and

    then it will sense its landing pad and will land there. Quad copter will move and hover

    around by keeping its stability maintained. The conventional quad copters requires a

    continuous charging of quad copters but in this project we are including wireless charg-

    ing system also named as inductive charging. In addition to automation we are boosting

    it up with wireless communication system. So in wireless communication Quad-Copter

    can be controlled manually by using a graphical user interface, giving full control to the

    user. Conventional Quad-Copters are provided with 2-D mapping capability but our

    project surpass their 2-Ds map because we are introducing 3 D map in which concept

    of rasterization and image processing is employed. After landing image processing soft-

    ware will stitch these photos into 3-D map. So our automated Quad-Copter is capable

    of taking the flight after some specified interval of time, collecting all the possible data

    regarding 3D-layout (digitized sketch) of any section, and on returning back to its pad,

    Quad-Copter send this sketch to working unit on GUI interface.

  • Chapter 1

    Introduction

    With the advancement in engineering and technology, there was a dire need of an in-

    troduction of device which can go to places where humans cannot, which will enable

    them to do much. Also there was a need of device which help take human in the air

    in a very much fascinating way. A device was needed which can capture aerial images.

    These devices which have revolutionized the flight are called as drones and quad-copter.

    The way in which these devices are developed through decades is fascinating. Drones

    belongs to a class of air vehicles known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). These

    vehicles can take off in the air without pilots. Drones are basically flying robots. They

    have software control integrated in their environment.

    1

  • Chapter 2

    History

    The quad-copter designs have been around for a very long time, but the design is inher-

    ently unstable. With 4 rotors spinning, keep them moving at the right speed to keep the

    quad-copter level and stable is difficult. In November of 1922, Etienne first flew improved

    helicopter featuring vertically mounted rotors which rotated in the opposite direction

    from the large top rotors. Quad-copters today still use this same basic design. The

    Convertawings Model A quad-copter designed by Doctor George E Bothezat appeared

    in 1956. It was the first to use propulsion, or a propellers forward thrust to control an

    aircrafts roll, pitch and yaw. Recent advances in technology have addressed issues that

    plagued early quad-copter design, including poor stability, limited control and complex-

    ity. Modern quad-copters are very stable, easy to control and easy to fly. At a small size,

    quad-copters are cheaper and more durable than conventional helicopters due to their

    mechanical simplicity. Their smaller blades are also advantageous because they possess

    less kinetic energy, reducing their ability to cause damage. For small-scale quad-copters,

    this makes the vehicles safer for close interaction. Increasing blade size improves effi-

    ciency as it takes less energy to generate thrust by moving a large mass of air at a slow

    speed than by moving a small mass of air at high speed but it takes at the cost of control.

    2.1 Recent Developments

    In the last few decades, unmanned aerial vehicles including quad-copters have been used

    for many applications. The need for aircraft with greater hovering ability has led to a

    rise in quad-copter research. The four-rotor design allows quad-copters to be relatively

    simple in design yet highly reliable. Research is continuing to increase the abilities

    of quad-copters by making advances in multi-craft communication, environment explo-

    ration. If these developing qualities can be combined, quad-copters would be capable of

    advanced autonomous missions that are currently not possible with other vehicles.

    2

  • Chapter 2. 3

    Some current programs include:

    • Bell Boeing Quad Tilt Rotor : concept takes the fixed quad-copter concept further by combining it with the tilt rotor concept.

    • Parrot A.R.Drone : is a small radio controlled quad-copter with cameras at- tached to it, designed to be controllable by smartphones or tablet devices.

    • Nixie : is a small camera-equipped drone that can be worn as a wrist band.

    As far as recent development regarding inductive charging is concerned it is being em-

    ployed in mobile industry and electric vehicles. In 2015 Samsung announced the new

    S6 and S6 Edge with wireless inductive charging through both Qi and PMA compatible

    chargers. Blackberry also released phone to support wireless inductive charging through

    compatible chargers. In electric vehicles in one inductive charging system, one winding

    is attached to the underside of the car, and the other stays on the floor of the garage.

    While as far as 3 D mapping is concerned, in industry and in many applications there

    is a dire need of a system which can rapidly, reliably, remotely and accurately perform

    measurements in three-dimensional space for the mapping of environment. From now

    onwards there will be a lot of research on 3 D mapping. Previous work comprises of

    invention seeks to provide a method of locating at least a surface and modeling the

    surface using at least two image capture. A considerable amount of work has been done

    by researchers in the field of machine vision and image analysis.

  • Chapter 3

    Objectives

    3.1 Automation

    Designing a fully