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Fighting the Civil War: Americas First Total War

Mar 26, 2015

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Fighting the Civil War: Americas First Total War Slide 2 Writing My First 17B Paper Was A. A better experience than I thought. B. A worse experience than I thought. C. The worse experience of my college career. Slide 3 How Do We Define Total War? Number of Casualties (620,000 dead or 5.9 million in todays terms). Growth of Government and Mobilization of Resources War Against Civilian Population Thesis: North was able to attack southern home front and thus won the war. Slide 4 A Quick War? Huge Northern Advantages Manpower, Industrial Capacity Slide 5 Slide 6 A Quick War? Huge Northern Advantages Manpower, Industrial Capacity Naval Power (Move Supplies, Attack) Slide 7 Southern Advantages Win by Not Losing (Example of American Revolution) Slide 8 Southern Advantages Win by Not Losing South Has Best Officers in Early Years Slide 9 Southern Advantages Win by Not Losing South Has Best Officers in Early Years South Attacked Northern Supply Lines Slide 10 Southern Advantages Win by Not Losing South Has Best Officers in Early Years South Attacked Northern Supply Lines Advent of Rifled Musket Slide 11 The Rifled Musket Inflicts Staggering Casualties The Rifled Musket Increased Range From 80 Yards to More than 400 Yards. Slide 12 Glory Demonstrates Impact of Rifled Musket Story of Robert Gould Shaw and the Massachusetts 54 th Regiment Massed Attacks Face Huge Casualties Amputations Frequent and Dangerous Officers Have Particularly High Casualty Rates Slide 13 The Development of Trench Warfare Adds to the Slaughter Between May 4 and June 20, 1864, U. S. Grants Army Suffered 65,000 Causalities. Slide 14 Huge Causalities Made Home Front Crucial How does your side maintain support of the war over long period of time? Slide 15 North Made Political Decision to Make War on Southern Homefront Emancipation of slaves (Thursdays lecture) Slide 16 North Effectively Made War on Southern Homefront Emancipation of slaves Naval blockade caused severe shortages, inflation. Slide 17 North Effectively Made War on Southern Homefront Emancipation of slaves Naval blockade caused severe shortages, inflation. Direct destruction of southern homes, farms, and railroads Slide 18 Decisive Blow: Shermans March to the Sea, 1864- 1865 Slide 19 Impact on Confederate Morale: Desertion and Manpower Women and children suffered greatly: honorable to come home. Lee in February 1865: Hundreds of men are deserting nightly. Eight percent of his army deserts that month. Slide 20 Was Total War Justified? A. Yes B. No Slide 21 Costs of Total War A. The Moral Problem of Civilian Deaths B. Reconciliation More Difficult C. The Rise of the Corporatist State