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EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY February 13, 2009
25

Educational Psychology

Oct 30, 2014

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Education

Lauren Pressley

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Page 1: Educational Psychology

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGYFebruary 13, 2009

Page 2: Educational Psychology

Educational Psychology

Studies how people learn in educational settings. Tends to focus on the classroom.May often focus on specific groups such as gifted students or those with disabilities.

Page 3: Educational Psychology

An analogy perhaps?

Educational Psychology : Psychology ::

Medicine : Biology ::

Engineering : Physics

Page 4: Educational Psychology

Aspects We Won’t Address Today

Individual differences (too much!)Social, moral, or cognitive development (we’ve touched on this!)Research methodology (we’ll talk about this later)

Page 5: Educational Psychology

Four Important Ideas

Behavioral CognitiveSocial cognitiveConstructivistConnectivist (a bonus!)

Page 6: Educational Psychology

Behaviorism

Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning (late 1890s)BF Skinner’s radical behaviorism (1930-1950s)

Page 7: Educational Psychology

Behaviorism

Focus on behavior outcomesSystematic rewards Operant Conditioning

Page 8: Educational Psychology

Behaviorism

How do you use this?When might it be useful?

Page 9: Educational Psychology

Cognitivism

The idea that traits, beliefs, memories, motivations, and emotions can determine how information in perceived, processed, stored, retrieved, and forgotten.Dual coding theory Cognitive loadSpaced Learning EffectMnemonicsProblem solving as fundamental to learning

Involves long term memory, mapping between problem and pre-existing schema

Page 10: Educational Psychology

Cognitivism

Allan Paivo’s Dual-Coding Theory (1970s-80s)John Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory

Page 11: Educational Psychology

Cognitivism

How do you use this?When might it be useful?

Page 12: Educational Psychology

Social Cognitivism(Social Learning Theory)

Blends behavioral, cognitive, and social thinkingObservational learning: watching others and change own behavior as a result of observationLast few decades: self-regulated learning and metacognition

These both hypothesize effective learners are active agents who construct knowledge by setting goals, analyzing tasks, planning strategies, and monitoring understanding

Those who are better at goal setting and self-monitoring have a greater intrinsic task interest and self-efficacy

Page 13: Educational Psychology

Social Cognitivism(Social Learning Theory)

NE Miller and J Dollard’s Social Learning Theory (1941)Albert Bandura (1977)

Page 14: Educational Psychology

Social Cognitivism

How do you use this?When might it be useful?

Page 15: Educational Psychology

Constructivism

Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural learning focuses on internalization based on interaction with adults, more capable peers, and cognitive tools.

Page 16: Educational Psychology

Constructivism

Places emphasis on agency and prior knowledge of the learner and often on social/cultural determinants of the learning processRelated to Piaget’s individual/psychological constructivism from social constructivismLearners socialized through social interactions within community of practice

Page 17: Educational Psychology

Constructivism

How do you use this?When might it be useful?

Page 18: Educational Psychology

Connectivism

George Siemens (2000s!)Learning in a digital ageBuilds on previous modelsCommunity of Learning

Page 19: Educational Psychology

Connectivism

How do you use this?When might it be useful?

Page 20: Educational Psychology

Four Important Ideas

Behavioral CognitiveSocial cognitiveConstructivistConnectivist (a bonus!)

Page 21: Educational Psychology

MOTIVATION!

Page 22: Educational Psychology

Motivation

Internal state that activates, guides, and sustains behavior.Will, interest, intrinsic motivation, personal goals, belief about the causes of their success or failure

Page 23: Educational Psychology

Motivation

Bernard Weiner’s Attribution Theory:Focuses on students’ beliefs about their success level

Page 24: Educational Psychology

Motivation

Goals: Mastery goals increase ability and knowledge

Performance approach goals strive for high grades and seek opportunities to demonstrate their abilities

Performance avoidance goals driven by fear of failure and where abilities are exposed

Page 25: Educational Psychology

Motivation

Issues in motivation?