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Educ351genrereport Classical Music

May 06, 2015



  • 1.Classical Music Ashlee Holland andHannah Quirey

2. Timeline ofClassical Music

  • Medieval
  • Renaissance
  • Baroque
  • Classical
  • Early Romantic
  • Romantic
  • Modern

3. Medieval

  • Gregorian chant is monophonic--meaning music that consists of only one melodic line without accompaniment
  • Gradually developed during the 11th to 13th centuries into organum
  • Organum two or three lines moving simultaneously but independently, therefore almost inadvertently representing the beginnings of harmony

4. Renaissance

  • The rediscovery of ancient Greek ideals in the Renaissance inspired many musicians to explore the eloquent possibilities of their art.
  • New instruments were invented, including the clavichord and virginal and many existing instruments were improved.
  • Composers were still almost entirely devoted to choral writing, and the few instrumental compositions which have survived often create the impression of being vocal works in disguise.
  • Instrumental music came into its own for the first time, especially keyboard music in the form of fantasias, variations, and dance movements

Clavichord Virginal 5. Baroque

  • The foundations were laid for the following 300 or so years of musical expression
  • The idea of the modern orchestra was born
  • The rather soft-grained string family of the Renaissance was gradually replaced by the bolder violin, viola and cello, the harpsichord was invented, and important advances were made in all instrumental groups.
  • Classical music began to work its way into society, being played outdoors at dinner parties or special functions

6. Baroque Period

  • Bach had jobs such as working for a duke, working for a prince, and working at St. Thomas Church and the School in Leipzig Germany.
  • Bach is known as greatest geniuses in music history.
  • He was known for composing: organs, various instruments, orchestras, choirs, and concertos.
  • March 21, 1685- July 28, 1750
  • A sample of his work:

Johann Sebastian Bach 7. Baroque Period

  • He was a composer, a teacher, and a priest.
  • He was known as the Red Priest because he had red hair.
  • He is considered the best Italian composer of his era.
  • He composed: concertos, operas, and church music.
  • His most famous concertos is The Four Seasons.
  • A sample of his work:

Antonio Vivaldi 8. Classical

  • Introduction to sonata form.
  • Development of the modern concerto, symphony, sonata, trio and quartet
  • The late Baroque style was complex and ornate. The composers of the early Classical period changed direction, writing music that was much simpler in texture.
  • One of the most important developments of the Classical period is the growth of the public concert.
  • It was now possible for composers to survive without being the employee of one person or family. Composers started organizing concerts featuring their own music, and often attracted large audiences.
  • The increasing popularity of the public concert had a strong impact on the growth of the orchestra

9. Classical Period

  • During his lifetime he composed: operas, symphonies, concertos,masses and chamber music.
  • January 27, 1756 December 5, 1791
  • A sample of his work:

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 10. Romantic

  • Romanticism implies fantasy, spontaneity and sensuality.
  • Classical music was expressive, but not so passionate.
  • Beethoven who was in some ways responsible for igniting the flame of romanticism, always struggled to maintain that balance
  • Musical story-telling became important, and not just in opera, but in "pure" instrumental music as well.

11. Romantic Period Cont.

  • His works are beautiful in spite of his deafness.
  • He is most famous for his nine symphonies.
  • He composed: choral music, piano music, string quartets, and opera.
  • December 16, 1770 -March 26, 1827
  • A sample of his work:

Ludwig van Beethoven 12. Romantic Period Cont.

  • He had his first concert at only eight years old.
  • He is known asthe greatest pianist ofhis era.
  • He died of tuberculosis.
  • March 1, 1810- October 17, 1849
  • A sample of his work:

Frederic Chopin 13. Modern

  • Technology has played a increasingly important role in the development of 20th century music.
  • Composers have used recording tape as a compositional tool
  • Electronically generated sounds have been used both on their own and in combination with traditional instruments.
  • More recently, computer technology has been used in a variety of ways, including manipulating the performance of instruments in real time.

14. Manheim SteamRoller

  • Known for their Christmas albums but they also have a Halloween album too
  • Pioneers of neo-classical electronic music, emerging as one of the driving forces behind the New Age phenomenon
  • Composer Chip Davis

15. Classroom Activities

  • Have children listen to the music and move/create any way they want to (Story, move around classroom, play instruments, dance, and artwork)
  • Make your body match the music (ie. If the music is happy, make your body look happy, if the music is sad, make your body look sad)
  • Highlight a composer by providing information and samples.
  • Teach math by highlighting patterns
  • in the music
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