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NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. DSock – DOS TCP/IP by ICOP / DMP Group DSock DSock DOS TCP/IP DOS TCP/IP by ICOP / DMP Group by ICOP / DMP Group
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DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

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Page 1: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

DSock – DOS TCP/IPby ICOP / DMP Group

DSockDSock –– DOS TCP/IPDOS TCP/IPby ICOP / DMP Groupby ICOP / DMP Group

Page 2: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

What is WinSock?What is WinSock?What is WinSock?• The Windows Sockets specification defines a network

programming interface for Microsoft Windows which is based on the "socket" paradigm popularized in the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) from the University of California at Berkeley.

• Released at 1993 of Windows Sockets 1.1• An open interface for network programming under Microsoft

Windows version 1.1• Application programming interface – API

• WinSock.dll (Windows Sockets)• WinSock is a Windows TCP/IP library for users who want to

program their network application software under Windows.

Page 3: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSockStructure of WinSockUser

Ethernet

Application

Ethernet

Application

WindowsWindows

WinSock

TCP/IP

Hardware

WinSock

Page 4: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

What is DSock?What is What is DSockDSock??• Based on the platform of DoD Model

• DoD – Department of Defense

• DSock.lib (DMP DOS Sockets)

• Issued by DMP group at 1998• DSocks is a DOS TCP/IP library for users who want to

program their application software through network interface under DOS.

• It provides C function calls for programmers to create internet applications.

Page 5: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Structure of DSock on DOS EnvironmentStructure of Structure of DSockDSock on DOS Environmenton DOS Environment

Network Interface

DSocksLibrary

PacketDriver

DOS

Application (NET) User

Hardware

TCP/IP

Page 6: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Conditions to Use DSock?Conditions to Use Conditions to Use DSockDSock??• Hardware Requirements

• ICOP Single Board Computers with Ethernet interface only• Realtek 8019 10 Base-T• Realtek 8139 10/100 Base-T

• Driver Requirements• Packet Drivers for RTL8019 and RTL8139 are necessary

• RTL8019: NE2000 compatible• RTL8139: Support by Realtek

• Operating System• MS-DOS / Dr-DOS• X-DOS

Page 7: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Structure of DSock LibraryStructure of DSock Library

Page 8: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

OSI Reference Model & TCP/IPOSI Reference Model & TCP/IPOSI Reference Model & TCP/IP

Application

Presentation

Session

Transport

Network

Data Link

Physical

Telnet FTP SMTP

TCP UDP

IP ICMP, ARP, OSPF, RIP

Logical Link Control Media Access Control

7 Layer of Open System

Interconnection Model

More …

..

5 Layer of TCP/IP Protocol M

odel

Page 9: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

OSI Reference Model & DSockOSI Reference Model & OSI Reference Model & DSockDSock

Application

Presentation

Session

Transport

Network

Data Link

Physical

TCP UDP

IP ICMP, ARP

Packet DriverTelnet

FTP

HTTP

SMTP

DN

S

BO

OTP/D

HC

P

4 Layer of DoD

(Departm

ent of Defense) M

odel

Page 10: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of Dsock LibraryFunction Call of Function Call of DsockDsock LibraryLibrary

Function Call for C

LanguageTCP UDP

IP ICMP, ARP

Packet Driver

DSock.lib

4 Layer of DoD

(Departm

ent of Defense) M

odel

Telnet

FTP

HTTP

SMTP

DN

S

BO

OTP/D

HC

P

Page 11: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of DSock LibraryFunction Call of DSock Library

Page 12: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of WinSock- 1/3Function Call of WinSockFunction Call of WinSock-- 1/31/3

• Socket Functions (BSD 4.3-like)

• accept() bind() closesocket()• connect() getpeername() getsockname()• getsockopt() htonl() htons()• inet_addr() inet_ntoa() ioctlsocket()• listen() ntohl() ntohs()• recv()* recvfrom()* select()*• send()* sendto()* setsockopt()• shutdown() socket()

• Note: * The routine can block if acting on a blocking socket.

Page 13: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of WinSock - 2/3Function Call of WinSock Function Call of WinSock -- 2/32/3

• Database Functions (BSD 4.3-like)

• gethostbyaddr()*• gethostname()• gethostbyname()*• getprotobyname()*• getprotobynumber()*• getservbyname()*• getservbyport()*

• Note: * The routine can block under some circumstances.

Page 14: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of WinSock - 3/3Function Call of WinSock Function Call of WinSock -- 3/33/3

• Microsoft Windows-specific Extensions

• WSAAsyncGetHostByAddr() WSAAsyncGetHostByName()• WSAAsyncGetProtoByName() WSAAsyncGetProtoByNumber()• WSAAsyncGetServByName() WSAAsyncGetServByPort()• WSAAsyncSelect() WSACancelAsyncRequest()• WSACancelBlockingCall() WSACleanup()• WSAGetLastError() WSAIsBlocking()• WSASetBlockingHook() WSASetLastError()• WSAStartup() WSAUnhookBlockingHook()

Page 15: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of DSock- 1/3Function Call of Function Call of DSockDSock-- 1/31/3

• Socket Functions (WinSock-like)

• accept() SocketAccept()• bind() SocketBind()• closesocket() SocketClose()• connect() SocketConnect()• htonl() htonl()• htons() htons()• inet_addr() inet_addr()• inet_ntoa() inet_ntoa() • listen() SocketListen()• ntohl() ntohl()• ntohs() ntohs()

WinSock

DSock

Page 16: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of DSock- 2/3Function Call of Function Call of DSockDSock-- 2/32/3

• Socket Functions (WinSock-like)

• recv() SocketRecv()• recvfrom() SocketRecvFrom()• send() SocketSend()• sendto() SocketSendTo()• socket() SocketCreate()• WSAStartup() DSock_Open()• WSACleanup() DSock_Close()

WinSock

DSock

Page 17: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Function Call of DSock - 3/3Function Call of Function Call of DSockDSock -- 3/33/3

• DSock-specific Extensions

• DSock_DoBootp() DSock_LoadConfigFile()• DSock_AddGateway() DSock_GetGateway()• DSock_Resolve DSock_GetMacAddr()• DSock_GetHostIp() DSock_SetHostIp()• DSock_GetNetMask() DSock_SetNetMask()• SocketDestory() SocketAbort()• SocketDataReady() SocketIsConnected()• SocketPutChar() SocketGetChar()• SocketPutString() SocketGetString()• DSock_AddDomainNameServer()• DSock_GetDomainNameServer()

Page 18: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Procedure of TCP Server-Client ModelProcedure of TCP ServerProcedure of TCP Server--Client ModelClient Model

DSock_Open()

SocketCreate()

SocketBind()SocketListen()

SocketAccept()

SocketSend()

SocketClose()SocketDestory()

DSock_Close()

DSock_Open()

SocketCreate()

SocketConnect()

SocketRecv()

SocketClose()SocketDestory()

DSock_Close()

Server

Client

connection

Page 19: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Procedure of UDP Server-Client ModelProcedure of UDP ServerProcedure of UDP Server--Client ModelClient Model

DSock_Open()

SocketCreate()

SocketRecvFrom()

SocketClose()SocketDestory()

DSock_Close()

Server

Client

SocketBind()

DSock_Open()

SocketCreate()

SocketSendTo()

SocketClose()SocketDestory()

DSock_Close()

SocketBind()

Page 20: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Demo Program of DSockDemo Program of DSock

Page 21: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Demo Program of DSockDemo Program of Demo Program of DSockDSock

• BOOTP Demo program of BOOTP/DHCP.• DNS To get IP address of domain name.• EXE Exectue files for all samples.• FTPD Demo program of FTP server.• HTTPD Demo program of Web server.• SMTP A simple program to send mail.• TALK_TCP Example of Talk with TCP.• TALK_UDP Example of Talk with UDP (broadcast).• TELNETD Simple TELNET server example.• talk_tcp_win Talk with TCP (Windows version by WinSock).• talk_udp_win Talk with UDP (Windows version by WinSock).

Filename Description

Page 22: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Example of DSock to DSockExample of Example of DSockDSock to to DSockDSock

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

TALK_TCP

DO

S

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

TALK_TCP

DO

S

TCP/IP

Page 23: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Example of DSock to WinSockExample of Example of DSockDSock to WinSockto WinSock

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

TALK_UDP

DO

S

Ethernet

talk__udp_win

WinSock

Windows

TCP/IP

Page 24: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Example of DSock ServersExample of Example of DSockDSock ServersServers

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

FTPD

DO

S

TCP/IP

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

HTTPD

DO

S

Ethernet

DSockLibrary

PacketDriver

TELNETD

DO

S

Client

Page 25: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Why DSock?Why DSock?

Page 26: DSock - DOS TCP/IPusers.telenet.be/mydotcom///download/tcpip/dsock2.pdf · NUCLEUS Electronics Corp. Structure of WinSockStructure of WinSock. User. Ethernet Application Ethernet

NUCLEUS Electronics Corp.

Advantages of DOS TCP/IPAdvantages of DOS TCP/IPAdvantages of DOS TCP/IP• Running under dedicate operating system – DOS

• 100% dedicate for single tasking• Complete development tools for x86 and DOS

• C compiler• Debug tools

• Easy to up-to-date• Fast time-to-market• Lowest cost of TCP/IP solution

(Compare with simple work under Windows system)• Small size and low cost of storage for software

• Can store in a 512k single chip flash disk