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Developing A Conceptual Regulatory Framework for GNEP ... June 2007 US NRC FCIX 1 DEVELOPING A CONCEPTUAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR GNEP Amy M. Snyder US NRC Division of Fuel Cycle

Apr 17, 2020

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  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 1

    DEVELOPING A CONCEPTUAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR GNEP

    Amy M. Snyder US NRC Division of Fuel Cycle Safety and Safeguards Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards Washington, DC

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 2

    Outline

    • NRC’s Current GNEP Role

    • NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Challenges

    • Stakeholder Input

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 3

    NRC GNEP Project Managers • Amy M. Snyder, Sr. Project Manager

    GNEP Fuel Separations and Fuel Fabrication [email protected] 301-415-8580

    • Wilkins Smith, Sr. Project Manager Advanced Recycling Reactors [email protected] 301-415-5788

    • Yawar Farez, Sr. Project Manager GNEP Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility Issues [email protected] 301-415-8113

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 4

    NRC’s GNEP Role

    • Currently- no commercial GNEP facilities

    • Commission asked staff to develop a conceptual licensing process for GNEP (SRM-SECY-06-0066)

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 5

    NRC’s GNEP Role (continued)

    • If GNEP is to be commercialized, then: – NRC regulatory authority

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 6

    NRC’s GNEP Role (continued)

    • Potential facilities NRC could regulate:

    – Reprocessing facility – Fuel fabrication facility – Interim storage and/or vitrification facility – Fast reactor facility – Associated Special Nuclear Material

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 7

    NRC’s GNEP Role (continued)

    • “NRC’s role is not to judge the policy merits of pursuing a domestic reprocessing capability.

    • Our job is to provide a fair and workable regulatory framework under which such a facility could be licensed while achieving reasonable assurance of adequate protection of public health and safety and common defense of security.”

    Commissioner McGaffigan (COMEXM-06-0003)

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 8

    Outline

    • NRC’s Current GNEP Role

    • NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Challenges

    • Stakeholder Input

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 9

    NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • NMSS Lead on Developing Regulatory Licensing Process

    • Agency-wide effort • SECY-07-0081 : GNEP Facilities • Obtain stakeholder input on licensing process

    • DOE/NRC Memorandum of Understanding – Obtain an understanding of new technology

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 10

    NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • SECY-07-0081

    – 4 Options – Staff Recommendation – Commission Decision

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 11

    NRC’s GNEP Activities • SECY-07-0110 Options

    Potentially One rulemaking

    FRN- solicit stakeholder input (Order vs. Reg] -Staff concurrently develops technical basis documents to support next step

    4

    One RulemakingGNEP Regulation3

    Two Rulemakings-Create Part -5XSane as Option 12

    Rulemaking for CFTC Potential Rulemaking for ABR

    -Use Part 50 -Explore suitable modification to Part 52

    -Revise Part 70 -Consider additional safety analysis requirements

    1

    CommentsAdvanced Recycling Reactor (ABR)

    Fuel Sep/Fuel Fab (CFTC)

    Option

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 12

    NRC’s GNEP Activities SECY-07-0081 Staff Recommendation

    • Option 1: Phased Approach

    • Develop Technical Basis Documents to Support Rulemaking

    • After DOE Secretarial Decision on Scope of GNEP: Move to new GNEP Regulation.

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 13

    NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • NEXT STEPS – Agency wide Effort/Stakeholder Input – Waste Management – Safeguards – Decommissioning – Environmental Review

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 14

    NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • DOE/NRC GNEP MOU – Information Exchange – Knowledge gathering – Learn about new technologies

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 15

    NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Factors affecting future NRC activities: – Commission Decision on SECY-07-0081. – June 2008 DOE Secretarial Decision- on the

    scope of GNEP? – Letter of Intent? – Appropriations?

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 16

    Outline

    • NRC’s Current GNEP Role

    • NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Challenges

    • Stakeholder Input

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 17

    Challenges - Regulatory

    • Interdependence of facilities (each facility affects the safety, quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of the others):

    – Broad array of applicable NRC regulations – Multiple NRC program offices

    • Ensure a stable and reliable regulatory infrastructure is in place well before application is submitted

    – Provides guidance to applicants – Supports timely NRC licensing review

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 18

    Challenges - Other

    • Congress on Board? – Near term funding – Sustaining funding for out years – Supplier vs User Nations issues

    • New Administration • New Technology • Industry on Board?

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 19

    Challenges - Other

    • Technology – DOE has not selected technologies

    • Lab scale tested

    – Validated Models? – Cross section data

    • Potential Health and Safety Challenges

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 20

    Challenges - Potential Health and Safety

    Issues • Time after discharge – short versus long • Intense/lethal radiation • Self-heating materials • Criticality (particularly in liquid phases) • Chemicals, toxicity, and reactivity (organics and gases) • Dissolution and insolubles/solid fines • Fire and explosion (e.g., hydrogen) • Environmental qualification of equipment • HVAC/filters/offgas. • Waste treatment, forms (e.g., HLW, hulls, LLW)

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 21

    Challenges - Potential Differences from

    Current Part 70 Facilities

    • Usually mixtures of Pu/TRU isotopes (which ones and %s)

    • Radiation • Alpha effects • “Chemically toxic” (complexed/soluble and

    reactions) • Thermal – frequently “warm” • Criticality

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 22

    Challenges - Potential Differences between

    LWR technology

    • Liquid metal (Na) coolant? • Intermediate heat transfer loop • Higher enrichment/fissile fuels • Higher burnup SNF • Larger actinide source term

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 23

    NRC Oversight of Potential GNEP Facilities Phased Approach

    (Yellow boxes could enter licensing now)

    SNF Storage Part 72

    Reprocessing and Separations Part 7X

    ABR/Actinide Fuel Fabrication And SNM,TRU, and New Fuel Storage

    Part 7X

    HLW Vitrification And Storage Part 70 or 7X

    Cs/Sr/non-TRU Waste Solidification

    And Storage Part 30 or 7X

    TRU Stabilization, Waste Solidification,

    And Storage Part 7X

    REPU Storage Part 70

    ABR 1 Part 50/52

    ABR 2 Part 50/52

    Site Boundary

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 24

    Outline

    • NRC’s Current GNEP Role

    • NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Challenges

    • Stakeholder Input

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 25

    Stakeholder Input

    • Licensing Process for Regulating GNEP – Licensable versus licensed? – Facilities on DOE sites? – Co-location of GNEP facilities?

    • Potential Health and Safety Concerns

    • Potential Safeguard Concerns

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 26

    Stakeholder Input

    • Ways to obtain your input – FCIX conference:

    • NRC to summarize your GNEP input and place on NRC website.

    • NRC staff to consider your comments in conceptual licensing process development

    – NRC Feedback Forms – Other?

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 27

    Stakeholder Input

    • Licensing Process for GNEP – How should GNEP facilities and associated

    Special Nuclear Materials be regulated?

    – Comments on SECY-07-0081

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 28

    Stakeholder Input

    • What are your potential health and safety concerns as related to GNEP?

    » Worker » Public » Environment

    • How would you address these potential health and safety concerns in the licensing framework?

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 29

    Stakeholder Input

    • What are your potential safeguards concerns as related to GNEP?

    • How should they be addressed in the licensing framework?

  • June 2007 US NRC FCIX 30

    Overview

    • NRC’s Current GNEP Role

    • NRC’s GNEP Activities

    • Challenges

    • Stakeholder Input

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