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Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968 Student Protestors at Univ. of CA in Berkeley, 1968 Anti-War Demonstrations
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Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Feb 23, 2016

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Anti-War Demonstrations. Student Protestors at Univ. of CA in Berkeley, 1968. Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968. Anti-War Demonstrations. May 4, 1970 4 students shot dead. 11 students wounded. Jackson State University May 10, 1970 2 dead; 12 wounded. Kent State University. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Page 1: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Student Protestors

at Univ. of CA in Berkeley, 1968

Anti-War Demonstrations

Page 2: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Anti-War Demonstrations

z May 4, 1970

z 4 students shot dead.

z 11 students wounded

Kent State University

z Jackson StateUniversity

z May 10, 1970z 2 dead; 12

wounded

Page 3: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Nixon on Vietnam

z Nixon’s 1968 Campaign promised an end to the war: Peace with HonorP Appealed to the great

“Silent Majority”z Vietnamizationz Expansion of the

conflict The “Secret War”P CambodiaP Laos

z Agent Orange(chemical defoliant)

Page 4: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

“Pentagon Papers,” 1971

z Former defense analyst Daniel Ellsbergleaked govt. docs. regarding war efforts during Johnson’s administration to the New York Times.

z Docs. Govt. misled Congress & Amer. People regarding its intentions in Vietnam during mid-1960s.P Primary reason for fighting not to

eliminate communism, but to avoid humiliating defeat.

P New York Times v. United States (1971) *

Page 5: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Ceasefire, 1973

z Peace is at hand Kissinger, 1972P North Vietnam attacks SouthP Most Massive U.S. bombing

commences

z 1973: Ceasefire signed between P U.S., South Vietnam, & North

Vietnam

z Peace with honor (President Nixon)

Page 6: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Peace Negotiations

z US & Vietnamese

argue for 5 months over the size of theconferencetable!

Dr. Henry Kissinger & Le Duc Tho

Page 7: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Ceasefire, 1973

z Conditions:1.U.S. to remove all troops2.North Vietnam could leave

troops already in S.V.3.North Vietnam would

resume war4.No provision for POWs or

MIAsz Last American troops left South

Vietnam on March 29, 1973z 1975: North Vietnam defeats South

Vietnamz Saigon renamed Ho Chi Minh City

Page 8: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Fall of Saigon

South Vietnamese Attempt to Flee the Country

Page 9: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Fall of Saigon

America Abandons Its Embassy

April 30, 1975

Page 10: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Fall of Saigon

North Vietnamese at the Presidential Palace

Page 11: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Formerly Saigon

A United Vietnam

Page 12: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Costs

1. 3,000,000 Vietnamese killed2. 58,000 Americans killed;

300,000 wounded3. Under-funding of Great Society

programs4. $150,000,000,000 in U.S.

spending5. U.S. morale, self-confidence,

trust of government, decimated

Page 13: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Impact

z 26th Amendment: 18-year-olds votez Nixon abolished the draft

all-volunteer armyz War Powers Act, 1973 ٭

P President must notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying military force

P President must withdraw forces unless he gains Congressional approval within 90 days

z Disregard for Veterans seen as “baby killers”

z POW/MIA issue lingered

Page 14: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Some American POWs Returned from the “Hanoi Hilton”

Senator John McCain(R-AZ)

Page 15: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

2,583 American POWs / MIAs

still unaccounted for today.

Page 16: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

If we have to fight, we will fight. You will kill ten of our men and we will kill one of yours, and in the end it will be you who tires of it.

Andin the End….

Ho Chi Minh:

Page 17: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

The Vietnam Memorial,

Washington, D.C.

Page 18: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Memorial to US Servicemen in

Vietnam

Page 19: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

Memorial to US Nurses in Vietnam

Page 20: Democratic Convention in Chicago, 1968

58,000