Click here to load reader
Jan 05, 2016
Day 17 Maintaining a Secure and Healthy EnvironmentStandard 3 Objective 1B (page 4)CDA Goal #1
What would you do?All the children have arrived in the preschool and are involved in free play. The teachers are all busy trying to decide what to do that day. How could this be a possible hazardous situation?
A prepared teacher creates a safe environment2What would you do?It is snack time and you notice that the knife used for cutting the apples has been left on the table. How could this be a possible hazardous situation?
A safe environment is a clean and organized environment3CHILDHOOD SAFETY:THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH AMONG PRESCHOOLERS ARE:ACCIDENTS1. Secure EnvironmentThe promotion of areas of development adults who supervise the space space that is pleasingaccess to materials and spaces where children can play safe and comfortablyhave minimum teacher child ratio have safety limits know and practice emergency safety plans (ie: fire drills) recognize and report signs for child abuse maintain a secure environmentuse proper check in and check out procedures
2. Healthy EnvironmentDevelop center health policies that are used and carried out.Include health and sanitization related practices in the curriculum.observing washing and sanitation practicesEstablish healthy routines & model healthy choices.Making daily health observations Recognize ill children and taking center policy action when there is a child who is ill.Provide first aid treatment when necessary and be certified.Review childrens health records to ensure that they are up to date on immunizations.
3. What are communicable diseases?Diseases that can be passed on to other people.
Common Examples: Conjunctivitis Pink eyeInfluenzaPolio Chicken pox MeaslesMumpsHep A and BRubella
4. . What are immunizations?Medicine that helps to prevent the spread of diseases. Common reactions that children may have to the immunization shots. FeverCranky Red bumps SorenessSwelling or redness
Polio, DPT, MMR, HIB, Hep B, Chicken Pox What Should You Know about immunizations?Review childrens health records to ensure that they are up to date on immunizations. If they are not up to date they need to be picked up and cannot return until they are.In order for a child to attend a child care facility or enroll in school, they must have proof of immunization and a current physical.
Remember ConfidentialityAll of the childrens records and information are to be kept confidential and in a secure location.5. What do you do if a child seems ill while in a childcare situation?Children should be observed upon arrival and throughout the day to assess their well-being. If a child coughs or sneezes in excess the teacher should be notified. If the child seems to be listless or feverish notify the teacher.Isolate children who may have an illness form the group.Notify a parent or guardian to come and get them.
- Policy Handbook
What disease do these children have? What will you do?Jason has redness in the whites of his eyes. He is often rubbing away a mild discharge.
Sammy has fever, chills, headaches, lacks energy, muscle aches, coughs, and sore throat.
Sidney is running a fever and has the chills. She complains that her head aches and body hurts.
Phil has a temperature over 100 degrees, is vomiting, and has nasal discharge.
Leon is breaking out in small red bumps all over his body. They are starting to itch.
6. Whose permission must you have before giving medicine to children?All medicine must be left in original container.All medicine given to children must be authorized by the parent.All medication is to be administered (given) by the child care director.Aspirin should never be given to children. It can cause Ryes Disease and other organ complications.7. The best way to prevent the spread of germs and disease:Hand Washing Keeping hands away from noses and eyesIsolate sick childrenNotify parents of any exposure to a communicable disease.
a. Wash your hands:When you first get to work.After using the toilet.After playing outsideBetween tasks before sensory timeBefore eatingAfter eating After touching hair and face.After handling dirty dishes.When your hands become contaminated.b. Hand Washing Procedure1. Remove all jewelry.2. The paper towel should be hanging down.3. Turn the water on.4. Obtain soap and lather for at least 20 seconds.- Happy Birthday Song 2x or the Alphabet Song5. Grab the paper towel and dry your hands.6. Use the paper towel to shut off the faucet.7. Use the paper towel to open the door.
Other personal hygiene practicesAlways wear a hair restraint.Come to work in clean clothes.Do not work if you are ill.Dont touch food with bare hands.Wear rubber gloves when you are serving food, changing diapers, cleaning up toileting accidents or illnesses.If you have an infected cut on your hands double glove.Get Immunizations.Dont store personal items in the kitchen area.8. Clean and SanitizeInfants toys dailyOlder childrens toys weeklyTables are done MANY times a day.Serving dishes, serving utensils, Plates, bowls, silverware, and cups after each meal.Proper Cleaning and Sanitizing
20WasherThe first sink must have hot water and detergent.
RinserThe second sink must have hot clear water.
SanitizerThe third sink must have hot water with the appropriate sanitizer.Let the dishes sit in the sink for 1 minute.Do not towel dry the dishes.
COOKING HYGIENE:Be attentive to cleanliness.Hand washingWear rubber glovesTable and utensil cleanlinessSpray all surfaces with chlorine bleach solution before and after all food experiences. Leave 15 seconds.
Fight BAC!Step OneWash hands for 20 secondsWash equipment with hot soapy waterDry with paper towels or air dry
Fight BAC!Step TwoUse a separate cutting board for produce, and meatNo cooked food back on raw food plateSeparate meat and other items
Fight BAC!Step ThreeCook food to appropriate temperaturesKeep hot food hot
Fight BAC!Step FourRefrigerate or freeze within 2 hoursDefrost food properlySeparate large amountsRotate
9. Safety Rules for Indoor and Outdoor playHelp to teach children the importance of following the center rules that you have for both indoor and outdoor use.All of the following items should be checked regularly to help ensure childrens safety.Toys and MaterialsPlayground EquipmentCenter VehiclesBuilding SafetyFire Safety
The caregiver should be able to see all areas of the play easily.Play equipment should be strong and durable.Children in one unit cannot reach children in another unit.The children should not have to walk through one area to get to another.Outdoor play areas must be fenced in with a five foot fence.It should be cleared of trash.
10. Safety GuidelinesHave all children visible to you at all times and easy to supervise.Children are curious therefore we need to be alert in order to prevent accidents.Provide a physically safe environment for children to play and explore.Fix or Tell the director of any unsafe conditions.Provide space where children can work and play comfortably.Provide space that is pleasing to the eye for both adults and children.CHILDHOOD SAFETY: contdProvide children with areas that promote cognitive, emotional, social, and physical growth.Provide easy access to materials when needed so children are able to direct themselves.First Aid kits are essential in child care.