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Dairy Farming By Grace Krick
Dairy Farming Dairy farming was very important in the late
1800s. Dairy farms produced food like cheese and milk. Dairy
farming also blessed families with good, healthy lives.
Typical Farm The typical farm in the late 1800s was between
twenty and fifty acres with about 4 cows. On the farm would be a
house and a shed or barn. On the rest of the land there would be
crops, some of which would be used for feeding the cattle.
Typical Day On a typical day on a dairy farm, the farmer would
milk feed the cattle in the morning at five or six. They would milk
them again in twelve hours. Their children would help with the
chores. During the summer day the farmers and their kids would
raise their crops. In the winter they would not have to plant; but
they would milk and feed their cows and deal with the harsh
weather. They would keep, sell, or trade their product.
Machinery On the farms they could use mechanic equipment like
the Metallic Spring Tooth Sulky Horse Hay Rake which was as horse
drawn rake. Also they used the Kirby Self Rake which could be
pulled by two mules to show how effortless it was. Another machine
they could have used was the Corn and Cob Mill which had rollers
that would grind the corn into meal for humans and animals.
Dairy Products The milk that the farmers get from the cows can
be used for milk, buttermilk, butter, ice cream and cheese. It
could also be made into dried milk so it can last longer. It can
also be used for glue and can be made into a plastic material to be
used for buttons and combs. It is also be added to baby food.
Farming It was very hard for the farmers back then because they
didnt have the conveniences that we have now. They didnt have the
machines to milk the cows so they had to milk them by hand. Even so
they worked very hard on what they did.
Summary Dairy Farming in the late 1800s was very important
because it gave people products like milk and cheese. Also it
provided families with good, health lives.
Sources Farm Machinery of the i86o's in Minnesota,
4/v24i04p287-306.pdf Post Civil War Farm Equipment,
http://www.lyndonirwin.com/cweqpt.htm History of agriculture in the
_United_States Britannica Junior Encyclopedia, volume 5, Dairying,
p. 3- 6