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The Militarization of America A Women’s Issue PREPARED BY FUND OUR COMMUNITIES NOT THE PENTAGON AND PEACE ACTION MONTGOMERY HTTP://OURFUNDS.ORG
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Page 1: Costs of Militarization to Women

The Militarization of AmericaA Women’s Issue

PREPARED BY

FUND OUR COMMUNITIESNOT THE PENTAGON

AND

PEACE ACTION MONTGOMERY

HTTP://OURFUNDS.ORG

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IS THERE A PROBLEM? MILITARY SPENDING IN THE US

WOMEN’S NEEDS VS. MILITARISM

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND MILITARISM

MILITARISM AND SEXISM

MARYLAND ADVOCACY: FUND OUR COMMUNITIES

The Militarization of AmericaA Women’s Issue

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Is There a Problem? Military Spending in the U.S.

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President’s Proposed Budget, FY 20134

Source: National Priorities Project, President’s Budget 2013

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President’s Proposed Budget, FY 2013Discretionary

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“All Other” Includes:

•Transportation•Environment•Science•Education•Everything else!

Source: National Priorities Project, President’s Budget 2013

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Where Your Income Taxes Go6

Source: Friends Committee on National Legislation

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Spending, by Category2012 Budget, Billions of Dollars

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Source: National Priorities Project,

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Pentagon vs. NIH Spending8

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U.S. Military Spending vs. Other Countries, In Rank Order, FY 2010

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Billions of Dollars

Source: Computed from SIPRI

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Source: National Priorities Project

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Source: New Priorities Project

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Montgomery County Citizens’ Share of Pentagon Expenditures, FY2012

Budget

About $2.4 billion or

$2,000 per person

Source: National Priorities Project

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With $2.4 Billion, Montgomery County Could Instead Have Paid For:

All expenses at a public university for four years for every 18-year-old in the County, and

Renewable electricity for three years for all the homes in the county, and

Over 5,000 new affordable housing units.

Source: Computed from National Priorities Project and census

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Where Does the Money Go?

•War costs•Foreign military bases•War profiteers & weapons

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Military Budget, 201116

Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation

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122

0 50 100 150

China: Total Military

US: Afghanistan

Billions of Dollars, 2010

Afghanistan War vs. World Military Spending

In 2011, the United States spent more on the war in Afghanistan than any other country in the world spent in total on the military.

Billions of Dollars, 2011

Source: Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation; Reuters

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Total Estimated Costs of Iraq & Afghanistan: $4 to $6 Trillion

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Source: Bilmes

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U.S. Foreign Military Bases

The US maintains about 1,000 foreign military bases

Foreign bases cost taxpayers about $250 billion per year

Source: Foreign Policy in Focus, Anita Dancs

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Opposition to U.S. Bases21

Jeju Island

Okinawa

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War ProfiteersExample: Lockheed Martin

82% Percent of L/M profits derived directly from US tax payers,

2012: plus about 8% indirectly (foreign “aid”)

$5 billion Amount of profit derived from tax-payers, 2012

$16.9 million Total compensation of Lockheed Martin CEO, 2012. For

2013: golden parachute for him of $36.6 million

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Sources:LM Annual Report 2012 and Proxy Statement 2013

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The F-35: Most Expensive Boondoggle in Human History

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F-35 Joint Strike

Fighter

Cost/plane: $163 million

Cost for production of planes on order: $397 billion

Revenue to Lockheed Martin from F-35 in 2012: $6.5 billion

Cost to fly one F-35 for one hour (operating costs only): $51,000

Cost to develop, build, fly and maintain all the F-35s on order for 55 years — the lives of the planes: $1.5 trillion

Source: ProPublica

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We Spend $64 Billion/Year So We Can Do This Again?

Nuclear Weapons

Number nuclear weapons in US arsenal: 5,113

Number US deployed nuclear weapons: 1,722

Nuclear weapons-related costs: “triad” (planes, submarines, missiles), unproven missile defense, cleanup, weapons maintenance

Total estimated cost of US nuclear arsenal over next decade: $640 billion

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Sources: Ploughshares; Arms Control Association

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Drones

Reaper drone costs over life of program: $11.8 billion

Cost of one weapons load for a Reaper: $320,000

Civilian deaths: number disputed, range from 9 to several thousand

Can a democracy have a secret “kill list”?

Blowback—a real security issue for us

$30,000:

Cost per flight hour to operate a Global Hawk Drone (operational costs, not cost of drone itself)

Cost of Montgomery County’s entire Community Development and Housing program budget for three years.

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Sources: Know Drones; FCNL and Montgomery County

Global Hawk Drone

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What Constitutes Real Security?27

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Women’s Needs Vs.Militarism

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Women and Poverty

Overall Poverty Rate:Women: 15%Men: 11%

Poverty rate for families with children:Female-headed: 41%Male-headed: 22%

Elderly: Women are over 2/3 of the elderly poor

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Source: National Women’s Law Center

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Women who head families:

Rely on government programs for low-income people

In FY 2011:

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF):

85% of TANF adult recipients were women

Medicaid70% of non-elderly adult recipients were

women—mostly pregnant women and low-income parents

Section 8 Rental Assistance (HUD) 82% of households served by this program

were headed by women

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Source: National Women’s Law Center

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Dollars and Sense

$500,000

The cost of flying one F-35 plane for 10 hours

The cost of nutritional supplements to 10,000 babies and high-risk pregnant and nursing women in MD for one month, cut off the WIC program through “sequestration”

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Sources: Coalition on Human Needs; US Dept of Agriculture; Time

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Dollars and Sense

$18 million

Cost to maintain the U.S. nuclear arsenal for one day

Cost to provide over 1,200 low income families in Montgomery County affordable housing vouchers for one year

 

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Source: Waging Peace

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Elderly women:

Rely on programs for low-income people.

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Source: National Women’s Law Center

Medicaid:

About 70% of elderly recipients are women.

Supplemental Security Income:

Over 2/3 of elderly SSI beneficiaries are women.

Social Security: Only source of income for nearly

30% of female beneficiaries Average Social Security benefit

Women : $12,700/year Men: $16,700/year

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Other government programs women need

Child Care Assistance

86% of families served by the Child Care & Development Block Grant program in 2011 were single-parent households. All were poor.

Education Assistance

66% of Pell grant recipients are women

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Sources: CLASP; National Women’s Law Center

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The Pentagon is Taking Your Education!35

If the U.S. cut its spending on nuclear weapons by one third (by $22 billion) and used that money for education, we could cover all expenses for every community college student in the country.

Chart Source: Maryland Budget & Tax Policy Institute

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The Pentagon is Taking Your Education!

In 2006, economists estimated total Iraq war costs at $3.5 trillion. With $3.5 trillion, we could have done this:

For the next 133 years, send every 18-year-old in the U.S. to a state university: tuition, fees, room and board--for four years.

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Latest total estimated cost of wars in Iraq & Afghanistan: $6 trillion

Source: Bilmes; computations

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The Pentagon is Taking Your Job!War is a Lousy Jobs Project

Num

ber

of J

obs

Cre

ated

Education Health Care Clean Energy Consumption Military

Source: U of MA, Political Economy Research Institute

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U.S. Job Creation with $1 Billion Spending

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The Pentagon is Taking Your FutureLet’s Spend Money on Wars, Not Infrastructure!

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Defense Expenditures Per Capita, 200839

Source: Friedman and Preble

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Summary

The diversion of such huge sums to the Pentagon means greater poverty for women and children, unmet social needs, and a poorer future for all of us.

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It’s a Choice:Militarism or a Peace Economy

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Militarism and Violence:Death and Injury of Women

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A Huge Military Budget Fosters War43

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0

1,000,000,000

2,000,000,000

3,000,000,000

4,000,000,000

5,000,000,000

6,000,000,000

7,000,000,000

Military Recruiting Budget

Peace Corps Total Budget

Military Recruiting Budget Compared to Peace Corps Total Budget

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A Huge Military Budget Fosters War

Material brake on going to war eliminated.No reason for weapons to sit in warehouses!

War justifies previous purchases and budget decisions.

Effective ways of preventing conflict crowded out.

The huge profits of military contractors used to promote more wars.

With major political donations, thousands of lobbyists.

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War is Bad for WomenIt is Mainly About Civilians

10 civilian deaths to 1 soldier?

Vietnam: Over 58,000 American combat deaths; 2 million Vietnamese deaths?

Iraq: About 4,800 American deaths. 122,000 Iraqi civilians? Over one million?

Afghanistan: About 2,200 American deaths. No civilian counts before 2007; for 2007-2011: U.S. says 12,000 civilians killed during that time period.

Wounded? No data.

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Women’s Bodies: Terrain of WarRape as a Weapon

To punish and degrade the losers

To establish dominance

To take the spoils of war—women are part of the booty

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Summary

A huge military budget leads to war, and women and children are its victims.

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Militarism and Sexism

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A Syllogism58

If war = ultimate form of violence and aggression

If masculinity = defined in large part as violence and aggression

Then, war = ultimate form of masculinity

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Militarism, Masculinity & Violence59

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Propositions: Agree or Disagree?64

Glorifying war normalizes and glorifies male violence generally.

The more militaristic a society, the more violence against women.

A syllogism:

Male sexual violence is a key enforcer of sexism.Militarism increases male violence, including sexual violence.Thus, the more militaristic a society, the more sexism and gender inequality.

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Militarism is a Women’s Issue!65

Militarism and war divert money at home that women need

War causes untold deaths and injuries of women

Militarism leads to violence against women, at home and abroad

Militarism entrenches sexism

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Fund Our Communities:Not the Pentagon

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Labor

Civil Rights

Immigrant Rights

Environmental Groups

Religious Congregations

Social Service Groups

Community Organizations

Advocacy Groups

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Fund Our Communities: Goals

Significant increases in domestic spending

Major reductions in the Pentagon budget

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Strategies to Build Power

Growing our coalition— showing strength in numbers

Providing information— gaining public support

Political engagement— taking action for change

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Pull the Pork on the Pentagon

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Prosperity Not Austerity Bus Tour

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A Legislative Campaign:

No Corporate Welfare for Lockheed Martin in Montgomery County

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Lockheed Martin’s Center for Learning Excellence

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http://ourfunds.org

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Fund Our Communities

Not the Pentagon

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Sources

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Books, 2010. Bilmes, Linda:

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Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation: http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/

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Sources, continued

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Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=1258 Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3925 Center for Economic and Policy Research:

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http://www.comw.org/pda/fulltext/1110bm50.pdf CNN , Congress to Probe Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan:

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Sources, continued

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Congressional Research Service Report RL 33110, September 28, 2009 http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33110.pdf

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Congressional Research Service Report RL 33222, US Foreign Aid to Israel, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf

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Anita Dancs, Mary Orisich, Suzanne Smith, The Military Costs of Securing Energy (National Priorities Project – October 2008) http://www.nationalpriorities.org/auxiliary/energy_security/executive_summary.pdf

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Sources, continued

Experts Letter on Defense Spending, Nov. 18, 2010, http://www.comw.org/pda/fulltext/NCFRRexpertsletter.pdf

Fastweb: http://www.finaid.org/educators/ProfileofPellGrantRecipients.pdf FCNL: http://fcnl.org/issues/foreign_policy/understanding_drones Forbes: http://people.forbes.com/profile/robert-j-stevens/49897 Foreign Policy in Focus: Anita Dancs, The Cost of the Global U.S. Military Presence, July

2009: http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/0907dancs.pdf Foreign Policy in Focus, A Unified Security Budget:

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Nation’s Priorities,” March 16, 2009. http://www.fcnl.org/issues/item.php?item_id=3538&issue_id=19

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Huck Gutman, http://www.redrat.net/BUSH_WAR/mercenaries/index.htm#mercs

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Sources, continued

Iraq Coalition Casualties: http://icasualties.org/oif/ Jeremy Scahill, interviewed by Bill Moyers, June 2009.

http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_18211.cfm John Feffer, “Good War vs. Great Society,” Foreign Policy in Focus, Sept. 22, 2009.

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http://www.lockheedmartin.com/data/assets/corporate/documents/ir/2011/2010-LM-annual-report.pdf Lockheed Martin Annual Report:

http://www.lockheedmartin.com/content/dam/lockheed/data/corporate/documents/2012-Annual-report.pdf

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Montgomery County: http://www6.montgomerycountymd.gov/content/PIO/budget/pdf/FY13_OperatingBudgetForum_BCC_1-9- 2012.pdf

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Sources, continued

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National Women’s Law Center: http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/povertysnapshot2011version2.pdf

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Newser: http://www.newser.com/story/38814/pentagon-seeks-152b-fighter-sale-to-israel.html

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Sources, continued

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Sources, continued

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Rand, “How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering Al Qa’ida ” http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG741-1/

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http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6230A720100304 Right Web: Committee for the Liberation of Iraq:

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dc.org/reports/USB_fy_2011

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Sources, continued

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price.htm and vouchers at 15K/year War Resisters League: http://www.warresisters.org/ Ycharts: Lockheed Martin: http://ycharts.com/companies/LMT

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