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Contekan DocBook XML Berbasis GNU/Linux Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR)
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Page 1: Contekan DocBook XML - openstorage.gunadarma.ac.idopenstorage.gunadarma.ac.id/linux/docs/v06/Kuliah/DocBook/DocBook.pdfPersembahan Buku ini dipersembahkan dari Masyarakat Digital Gotong

Contekan DocBook XML

Berbasis GNU/Linux

Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR)

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Contekan DocBook XML: Berbasis GNU/Linuxoleh Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR)

Diterbitkan $Date: 2006/05/15 10:16:29 $Hak Cipta © 2005, 2006 Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR).

Silakan menyalin, mengedarkan, dan/atau, memodifikasi bagian dari dokumen – $Revision:0.9 $ – – yang dikarang oleh Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR), sesuai denganketentuan "GNU Free Documentation License versi 1.2" atau versi selanjutnya dari FSF(Free Software Foundation); tanpa bagian "Invariant", tanpa teks "Front-Cover", dan tanpateks "Back-Cover". Lampiran A ini berisi salinan lengkap dari lisensi tersebut. Ketentuanini TIDAK berlaku untuk bagian dan/atau kutipan yang bukan dikarang oleh MasyarakatDigital Gotong Royong (MDGR). Versi digital terakhir dari buku ini dapat diambil darihttp://bebas.vlsm.org/v06/Kuliah/DocBook/ [http://bebas.vlsm.org/v06/Kuliah/DocBook/].

Catatan RevisiRevisi 0.9 15-Mei-2006 RMS46Memulai kembali.Revisi 0.8 28-Juli-2005 RMS46Meneruskan penulisan buku.Revisi 0.6 27-Juli-2005 RMS46Konversi dari SGML ke XML.Revisi 0.5 12-Juli-2005 RMS46Mulai mengisi contoh-contoh DocBook.Revisi 0.1 09-Juli-2005 RMS46Memulai.

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Persembahan

Buku ini dipersembahkan dari Masyarakat Digital Gotong Royong (MDGR), oleh MDGR, untuksiapa saja yang ingin mempelajari DocBook.

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Daftar IsiKata Pengantar Revisi 1.0 (kapan?) ......................................................................... ixI. Persiapan .......................................................................................................... 1

1. Instalasi ................................................................................................... 32. Editor ...................................................................................................... 5

II. Cuplikan DocBook ............................................................................................ 73. Contoh-contoh .......................................................................................... 9

3.1. Persiapan ....................................................................................... 93.1.1. Judul Section ....................................................................... 9

3.2. Atribut Kata ................................................................................... 93.3. DLL ............................................................................................133.4. X ................................................................................................163.5. Tanda Baca ...................................................................................183.6. DLL ............................................................................................18

4. DocBook .................................................................................................195. Bahan Diskusi ..........................................................................................216. Persiapan ................................................................................................23

6.1. Contekan ......................................................................................236.2. Pemilihan Perangkat Lunak ..............................................................23

7. TIP dan TRIK ..........................................................................................257.1. Rujukan dan Daftar .........................................................................257.2. Penyisipan Gambar .........................................................................257.3. Example, Programlisting, dan Screen .................................................26

8. Hal-hal Yang Belum Terpecahkan (Format FAQ) ...........................................279. Penutup ..................................................................................................29

III. Source SGML ................................................................................................3110. Bagian I ................................................................................................3311. Bagian II ...............................................................................................35

IV. Penutup .........................................................................................................3712. Rujukan ................................................................................................41A. GNU Free Documentation License ..............................................................43

A.1. PREAMBLE ................................................................................43A.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS ............................................43A.3. VERBATIM COPYING .................................................................44A.4. COPYING IN QUANTITY .............................................................44A.5. MODIFICATIONS ........................................................................45A.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS .........................................................46A.7. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS .................................................46A.8. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS ...........................47A.9. TRANSLATION ...........................................................................47A.10. TERMINATION .........................................................................47A.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE .....................................47A.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents ................48

Indeks ........................................................................................................49

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Daftar Tabel1.1. Contekan Rangkuman Perintah .......................................................................... 3

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Daftar Contoh3.1. <para> <section> <sectioninfo> <abstract> <copyright> <year> <holder> <title><sgmltag> < & & ; > ............................................................................................. 93.2. <abbrev> <acronym> <emphasis> <foreignphase> <quote> <phrase> <wordasword> .. 93.3. <trademark> ..................................................................................................103.4. <link> <anchor> ............................................................................................103.5. <itemizedlist> <orderedlist> .............................................................................103.6. <segmentedlist> .............................................................................................113.7. <simplelist> ..................................................................................................123.8. <variablelist> ................................................................................................137.1. Programlisting ...............................................................................................267.2. Screen ..........................................................................................................26

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Kata Pengantar Revisi 1.0 (kapan?)Revisi 1.0 direncanakan akan terbit kapan-kapan.

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Bagian I. PersiapanBagian ini berisi persiapan-persiapan sebelum menjalankan DocBook.

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Bab 1. InstalasiGunakan De2.UI, semua telah ada dalam satu CDROM

Tabel rangkuman contekan berikut ini berisi perintah untuk mengolah berkas "SGML" kedalamformat lainnya seperti "TXT", "HTML", "PDF", dan "RTF".

Tabel 1.1. Contekan Rangkuman Perintah

Format Perintah

TXT % sgmltools -b txt os-buku.sgml<ENTER>

HTML Satu Berkas % sgmltools -b onehtmlos-buku.sgml<ENTER>

HTML Dalam Direktori % sgmltools -b htmlos-buku.sgml<ENTER>

PDF % sgmltools -b pdf os-buku.sgml<ENTER>

RTF % sgmltools -b rtf os-buku.sgml<ENTER>

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Bab 2. EditorSebaiknya belajar vi

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Bagian II. Cuplikan DocBookBagian ini merupakan gabungan contekan dari buku DocBook: The Definitive Guide karanganNorman Walsh and Leonard Muellner, © 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.

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Bab 3. Contoh-contohIni paragrap biasa, deh!

3.1. Persiapan

Contoh 3.1. <para> <section> <sectioninfo> <abstract> <copyright> <year><holder> <title> <sgmltag> < & & ; >

<para>Mulailah semua paragrap atau pun kalimat dengan<sgmltag>&lt;para&gt;</sgmltag> yang kemudian ditutup dengan<sgmltag>&lt;/para&gt;</sgmltag>.</para><section><sectioninfo><copyright><year>1996</year><year>1997</year><holder>O'Reilly

&amp; Associates, Inc.</holder></copyright><abstract><para>Ternyata, pada &lt;section&gt; dapat disisipkaninformasi tambahan seperti &lt;copyright&gt; dan&lt;abstract&gt;.</para></abstract></sectioninfo>

<title>Judul Section</title><para>Sebuah <sgmltag>&lt;chapter&gt;</sgmltag> dapat dibagimenjadi beberapa <sgmltag>&lt;section&gt;</sgmltag>.</para><section id='nextsect'><title id='nextsect.title'>A Subsection</title><para><sgmltag>&lt;section&gt;</sgmltag> tersebut dapat kembalidibagi menjadi beberapa <sgmltag>&lt;section&gt;</sgmltag>.Jangan lupa bentuk asli dengan keempat karakter berikut:&lt; &#38; &amp; &#59; &gt;.</para></section></section>

Mulailah semua paragrap atau pun kalimat dengan <para> yang kemudian ditutup dengan</para>.

3.1.1. Judul SectionHak Cipta © 1996, 1997 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.

Abstrak

Ternyata, pada <section> dapat disisipkan informasi tambahan seperti <copyright> dan <abstract>.

Sebuah <chapter> dapat dibagi menjadi beberapa <section>.

3.1.1.1. A Subsection

<section> tersebut dapat kembali dibagi menjadi beberapa <section>. Jangan lupa bentuk aslidengan keempat karakter berikut: < & & ; >.

3.2. Atribut Kata

Contoh 3.2. <abbrev> <acronym> <emphasis> <foreignphase> <quote><phrase> <wordasword>

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<para><abbrev>Combro</abbrev> merupakan kependekan dari <quote>Oncomdi jero</guote>. Sedangkan <acronym>DLL</acronym> merupakan singkatandari <emphasis>Dan Lain Lain</emphasis>. <emphasisrole="bold">Terkadang</emphasis> terdapat <wordasword>TAG</wordasword><emphasis role="strong">yang</emphasis> <phrase>tidak ada arti secaralangsung</phrase>. <foreignphrase>I do not know,lah</foreignphrase>!</para>

Combro merupakan kependekan dari “Oncom di jero”. Sedangkan DLL merupakan singkatan dariDan Lain Lain. Terkadang terdapat TAG yang tidak ada arti secara langsung. I do not know, lah!

Contoh 3.3. <trademark>

<para>Kecap cap <trademark>Onta</trademark>.<trademark class="copyright">De2.UI</trademark> merupakan merek berhak-cipta.<trademark class="registered">TuWaGa</trademark> merupakan merek terdaftar.<trademark class="service">Bukan Basa-Basi</trademark> merupakan layananterdaftar.<trademark class="trade">Trade</trademark> merupakan layanan dagang.</para>

Kecap cap Onta™. De2.UI© merupakan merek berhak-cipta. TuWaGa® merupakan merekterdaftar. Bukan Basa-BasiSM merupakan layanan terdaftar. Trade™ merupakan layanan dagang.

Contoh 3.4. <link> <anchor>

<para>In this sentence <link linkend='nextsect'>this</link> wordis hot and points to the following section. There is also a linkto the section called <quote><link linkend='nextsect'endterm="nextsect.title"/></quote> in this sentence. The anchorelement<anchor id="example.anchor.1"/> is empty and contributesnothing to the flow of the content in which it occurs.

In this sentence this word is hot and points to the following section. There is also a link to thesection called “A Subsection” in this sentence. The anchor element is empty and contributes nothingto the flow of the content in which it occurs.

Contoh 3.5. <itemizedlist> <orderedlist>

<itemizedlist mark='opencircle'><listitem><para>Opencirle</para></listitem><listitem override='bullet'><para>Bullet hasilnya sama dengan opencircle?

</para></listitem></itemizedlist><orderedlist numeration="upperroman"><listitem><para>XXXX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan upperroman xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx<orderedlist numeration="upperalpha"><listitem><para>XXX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan upperalpha xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx<orderedlist numeration="loweralpha"><listitem><para>XX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan loweralpha xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxx<orderedlist numeration="lowerroman"><listitem><para>X</para></listitem>

3.2. Atribut Kata

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<listitem><para>Menggunakan lowerroman xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxx<orderedlist numeration="arabic"><listitem><para>XXXX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan arabic xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx</para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist><orderedlist spacing="compact"><listitem><para>XXXXX XXXX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan spacing compact xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx x<orderedlist spacing="normal"><listitem><para>XXXXX XXXX</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan spacing normal xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx x<orderedlist continuation="continues"><listitem><para>X</para></listitem><listitem><para>Menggunakan continues xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxx</para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist></para></listitem></orderedlist>

• Opencirle

• Bullet hasilnya sama dengan opencircle?

I. XXXX

II. Menggunakan upperroman xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx

A. XXX

B. Menggunakan upperalpha xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx

a. XX

b. Menggunakan loweralpha xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxx

i. X

ii. Menggunakan lowerroman xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxx

1. XXXX

2. Menggunakan arabic xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx

1. XXXXX XXXX2. Menggunakan spacing compact xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx x

a. XXXXX XXXX

b. Menggunakan spacing normal xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx x

iii. X

iv. Menggunakan continues xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxx

Contoh 3.6. <segmentedlist>

3.2. Atribut Kata

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<para><segmentedlist><title>Ibukota Provinsi</title><segtitle>Provinsi</segtitle><segtitle>Ibukota</segtitle><seglistitem><seg>Banten</seg><seg>Serang</seg></seglistitem><seglistitem><seg>DKI</seg><seg>DKI</seg></seglistitem><seglistitem><seg>Jawa Barat</seg><seg>Bandung</seg></seglistitem></segmentedlist></para>

Ibukota Provinsi

Provinsi: BantenIbukota: SerangProvinsi: DKIIbukota: DKIProvinsi: Jawa BaratIbukota: Bandung

Contoh 3.7. <simplelist>

<para>Here is a <sgmltag>SimpleList</sgmltag>, rendered inline:<simplelist type='inline'>

<member>A</member><member>B</member><member>C</member><member>D</member><member>E</member><member>F</member><member>G</member><member>H</member><member>I</member><member>J</member><member>K</member><member>L</member><member>M</member><member>N</member><member>O</member><member>P</member><member>Q</member><member>R</member><member>S</member><member>T</member>

</simplelist>.Here is the same <sgmltag>SimpleList</sgmltag> rendered horizontally withthree columns:<simplelist type='horiz' columns='5'>

<member>A</member><member>B</member><member>C</member><member>D</member><member>E</member><member>F</member><member>G</member><member>H</member><member>I</member><member>J</member><member>K</member><member>L</member><member>M</member><member>N</member><member>O</member><member>P</member><member>Q</member><member>R</member><member>S</member><member>T</member>

</simplelist>Finally, here is the list rendered vertically:<simplelist type='vert' columns='5'>

<member>A</member><member>B</member><member>C</member><member>D</member><member>E</member><member>F</member><member>G</member><member>H</member><member>I</member><member>J</member><member>K</member><member>L</member><member>M</member><member>N</member><member>O</member><member>P</member><member>Q</member><member>R</member><member>S</member><member>T</member>

</simplelist></para>

Here is a SimpleList, rendered inline: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T.Here is the same SimpleList rendered horizontally with three columns:

A B C D EF G H I JK L M N OP Q R S TFinally, here is the list rendered vertically:

A E I M QB F J N RC G K O S

3.2. Atribut Kata

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D H L P T

Contoh 3.8. <variablelist>

<para><variablelist><title>Font Filename Extensions</title><varlistentry><term><filename>TTF</filename></term><listitem><para>TrueType fonts.</para></listitem></varlistentry><varlistentry><term><filename>PFA</filename></term>

<term><filename>PFB</filename></term><listitem><para>PostScript fonts. <filename>PFA</filename> files arecommon on <acronym>UNIX</acronym> systems, <filename>PFB</filename>files are more common on Windows systems.</para></listitem></varlistentry></variablelist></para>

Font Filename Extensions

TTF TrueType fonts.

PFA,PFB,

PostScript fonts. PFA files are common on UNIX systems, PFB files are more common onWindows systems.

3.3. DLLxxxx

<address> <street> <city> <state> <postcode> <country>

<para>An example of a postal mail address in the United States:<address>John and Jane Doe<street>100 Main Street</street><city>Anytown</city>, <state>NY</state> <postcode>12345</postcode><country>USA</country></address></para>

An example of a postal mail address in the United States:

John and Jane Doe100 Main StreetAnytown, NY 12345USA

<answer> <qandaset> <qandaentry> <question>

<qandaset defaultlabel='qanda'><qandaentry>

<question><para>To be, or not to be?</para></question>

3.3. DLL

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<answer><para>That is the question.</para></answer></qandaentry><qandaentry>

<question><para>Bagaimana bunyi pertanyaan berikut?</para></question><answer><para>Tidak berbunyi!</para></answer>

</qandaentry></qandaset><qandaset defaultlabel='number'><qandaentry>

<question><para>To be, or not to be?</para></question><answer><para>That is the question.</para></answer>

</qandaentry><qandaentry>

<question><para>Bagaimana bunyi pertanyaan berikut?</para></question><answer><para>Tidak berbunyi!</para></answer>

</qandaentry></qandaset>

Tanya:To be, or not to be?

Jawab:That is the question.

Tanya:Bagaimana bunyi pertanyaan berikut?

Jawab:Tidak berbunyi!

3.3.1.To be, or not to be?

That is the question.

3.3.2.Bagaimana bunyi pertanyaan berikut?

Tidak berbunyi!

<application>

<para><application>Word Perfect</application> is one of several wordprocessors to claim support for <acronym>SGML</acronym>.</para>

Word Perfect is one of several word processors to claim support for SGML.

<attribution> <blockquote> <literallayout>

<blockquote><attribution>William Shakespeare</attribution><literallayout>What say you? Will you yield, and this avoid?Or, guilty in defense, be thus destroyed?</literallayout></blockquote>

3.3. DLL

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What say you? Will you yield, and this avoid?Or, guilty in defense, be thus destroyed?

—William Shakespeare

<blockquote> <attribution>

<blockquote><attribution>Richard Dawkins</attribution><para>The universe that we observe has precisely the properties we shouldexpect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil andno good, nothing but pitiless indifference.</para></blockquote>

The universe that we observe has precisely the properties we should expect ifthere is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good, nothing but pitilessindifference.

—Richard Dawkins

<bibliography>

<bibliography><title>A Test Bibliography</title><bibliodiv><title>Books</title><biblioentry><abbrev>AhoSethiUllman96</abbrev><authorgroup><author><firstname>Alfred V.</firstname><surname>Aho</surname></author><author><firstname>Ravi</firstname><surname>Sethi</surname></author><author><firstname>Jeffrey D.</firstname><surname>Ullman</surname></author>

</authorgroup><copyright><year>1996</year>

<holder>Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.</holder></copyright><editor><firstname>James T.</firstname><surname>DeWolf</surname></editor><isbn>0-201-10088-6</isbn><publisher><publishername>Addison-Wesley Publishing Company</publishername>

</publisher><title>Compilers, Principles, Techniques, and Tools</title>

</biblioentry><biblioentry xreflabel="Kites75"><authorgroup><author><firstname>Andrea</firstname><surname>Bahadur</surname></author><author><firstname>Mark</firstname><surname>Shwarek</surname></author>

</authorgroup><copyright><year>1974</year><year>1975</year>

<holder>Product Development International Holding N. V.</holder></copyright>

<isbn>0-88459-021-6</isbn><publisher><publishername>Plenary Publications International, Inc.</publishername>

</publisher><title>Kites</title><subtitle>Ancient Craft to Modern Sport</subtitle><pagenums>988-999</pagenums>

</biblioentry></bibliodiv><bibliodiv><title>Periodicals</title><biblioentry><abbrev>Walsh97</abbrev><biblioset relation='journal'><title>XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques</title><publisher>

3.3. DLL

15

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<publishername>O'Reilly &amp; Associates, Inc.</publishername></publisher><issn>1085-2301</issn><editor><firstname>Dan</firstname><surname>Connolly</surname></editor>

</biblioset><biblioset relation='article'><title>A Guide to XML</title><author><surname>Walsh</surname><firstname>Norman</firstname></author><copyright><year>1997</year><holder>ArborText, Inc.</holder></copyright><pagenums>97-108</pagenums>

</biblioset></biblioentry></bibliodiv><bibliodiv><title>MIX</title><bibliomixed><bibliomset relation='article'><surname>Walsh</surname>, <firstname>Norman</firstname>.<title role='article'>Introduction to Cascading Style Sheets</title>.

</bibliomset><bibliomset relation='journal'><title>The World Wide Web Journal</title><volumenum>2</volumenum><issuenum>1</issuenum>.<publishername>O'Reilly &amp; Associates, Inc.</publishername> and<corpname>The World Wide Web Consortium</corpname>.<pubdate>Winter, 1996</pubdate></bibliomset>.

</bibliomixed></bibliodiv></bibliography>

A Test Bibliography

Books[AhoSethiUllman96] Alfred V. Aho, Ravi Sethi, dan Jeffrey D. Ullman. Hak Cipta © 1996 Bell

Telephone Laboratories, Inc.. James T. DeWolf. 0-201-10088-6. Addison-WesleyPublishing Company. Compilers, Principles, Techniques, and Tools.

[Kites75] Andrea Bahadur dan Mark Shwarek. Hak Cipta © 1974, 1975, Product DevelopmentInternational Holding N. V.. 0-88459-021-6. Plenary Publications International, Inc.. Kites.Ancient Craft to Modern Sport. 988-999.

Periodicals[Walsh97] XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques. O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.. 1085-2301. Dan

Connolly. “A Guide to XML”. Norman Walsh. Hak Cipta © 1997 ArborText, Inc.. 97-108.

MIXWalsh, Norman. “Introduction to Cascading Style Sheets”. The World Wide Web Journal 21.

O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. and The World Wide Web Consortium. Winter, 1996.

3.4. XPerhatikan Ukuran Bridgehead

X

3.4. X

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Perhatikan Bridgehead sect1X

Perhatikan Bridgehead sect2X

Perhatikan Bridgehead sect3

X

Perhatikan Bridgehead sect4

X

Perhatikan Bridgehead sect5

X

Perhatikan Bridgehead otherX

<caution>

<caution><title>No User Servicable Parts Inside</title><para>Breaking this seal voids all warranties.</para></caution>

No User Servicable Parts Inside

Breaking this seal voids all warranties.

<citation>

<para>Consult <citation>AhoSethiUllman96</citation> for more details onabstract syntax tree construction.</para>

Consult [AhoSethiUllman96] for more details on abstract syntax tree construction.

<citerefentry>

<para>For a further description of print formats, consult the<citerefentry><refentrytitle>printf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3S</manvolnum></citerefentry> manual page.</para>

For a further description of print formats, consult the printf(3S) manual page.

<citerefentry>

<para>For a complete methodology for DTD creation, see

Perhatikan Bridgehead sect2

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<citetitle pubwork="book">Developing SGML DTDs: From Text to Modelto Markup</citetitle> by Eve Maler and Jeanne El Andaloussi.</para>

For a complete methodology for DTD creation, see Developing SGML DTDs: From Text to Modelto Markup by Eve Maler and Jeanne El Andaloussi.

<classname>

<para>All user-interface components must be descendants of the<classname>Widget</classname> class.</para>

All user-interface components must be descendants of the Widget class.

<classname>

<cmdsynopsis><command>emacs</command><arg>-t <replaceable>file</replaceable></arg><arg>-q</arg><arg>-u <replaceable>user</replaceable></arg><arg>+<replaceable>number</replaceable></arg><arg rep='repeat'>-f <replaceable>function</replaceable></arg><arg rep='repeat'>-l <replaceable>file</replaceable></arg><arg rep='repeat' choice='plain'><replaceable>file</replaceable></arg>

</cmdsynopsis>

emacs [-t file] [-q] [-u user] [+number] [-f function...] [-l file...] file...

3.5. Tanda Baca<xxx>

<para>XXX YYY ZZZ</para>

XXX YYY ZZZ

&hellip;

Titik-titik …

&ldquo;

Titik-titik “

&rdquo;

Titik-titik ”

3.6. DLLYou can exit most Windows applications by selecting Quit or Exit from the File menu.

3.5. Tanda Baca

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Bab 4. DocBookLampiran ini merupakan sekedar contoh penggunaan SGMLTOOLS-LITE semata. Namun jelas, inibukan tutorial! Alur pembahasannya tidak teratur, karena sekedar bertujuan sebagai contekanDocBook [http://www.DocBook.org/]. Sumber tulisan ini ialah berturut-turut berkas"SistemOperasi.sgml", "0awal.sgml", "00revisi.sgml", "1pendahuluan.sgml","2proses1.sgml", "3proses2.sgml", "4memori.sgml", "5berkas.sgml","6iodisk.sgml", "7linux.sgml", "8referensi.sgml", "Alampiran.sgml","Blampiran.sgml", dan "Xindex.sgml".

Silakan membandingkan kode berkas ini ("SistemOperasi.sgml") dengan hasilnya seperti"SistemOperasi.html" (HTML), "SistemOperasi.pdf" (PDF),"SistemOperasi.txt" (TXT), dan juga "SistemOperasi.rtf" (RTF). Jika inginmempelajari lebih lanjut, silakan mampir di situs Sustainable Debian Network — Unified NiftyDocuments Project, yaitu http://debid.vLSM.org/. Jika berada di intranet JUITA, silakan jugamerujuk ke http://sdn.vLSM.org/.

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Bab 5. Bahan DiskusiBuku ini akan dikerjakan oleh sejumlah kelompok kerja yang masing-masing terdiri dari beberapaanggota. Banyak hal yang masih harus diputuskan oleh seluruh anggota kelompok kerja secarakonsensus. Untuk itu, dibentuk kelompok kerja 21 yang secara khusus akan mengkoordinasikankegiatan ini. Berikut ini merupakan beberapa masalah yang perlu mendapatkan perhatian.

1. Apa judul buku ini? Apakah akan diberi judul "Sistem Operasi — Bahan Kuliah IKI-20230",atau mungkin akan diberi judul yang lebih keren?

2. Bagaimana bentuk lisensi buku ini? Apakah Hak Cipta dipecah per bab (atau per kelompokkerja), dengan kelompok kerja 21 sebagai "tim editor"? Atau, menggunakan Hak Cipta kolektifuntuk seluruh buku?

3. SGML DTD manakah yang akan digunakan? Apakah menggunakan DocBook? Apakah akanmenggunakan DocBook XML? Versi DocBook manakah yang akan digunakan?

4. Apakah sempat untuk belajar DocBook secara rinci? Atau cukup dengan percepatan, yaitubelajar dari contoh tulisan DocBook ini.

5. Dst.

Segera Ungkapkan Permasalahan!

Setiap masalah agar segera diungkapkan, agar segera dicarikan penyelesaiannya!Untuk itu, diperlukan kerja sama dari seluruh anggota kelompok kerja.

Selanjutnya lihat juga .

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Bab 6. PersiapanBerikut ini merupakan beberapa contoh penggunaan TAG dari DocBook.

6.1. ContekanSilakan mencermati unix shell script "shsh.txt", yang berisi rincian cara membuat buku inidengan DocBook. Perhatikan bahwa berkas "os-lindex.txt [shsh.txt]" (indeks dari tulisan),dibentuk secara otomatis dengan menggunakan perl script "collateindex.pl".

6.2. Pemilihan Perangkat LunakPerangkat Lunak

Jika menggunakan Debian GNU/Linux, paket "sgmltools-lite" akan sekalianmenginstallkan beberapa paket-paket terkait lainnya seperti "docbook","docbook-dsssl", "python", "jade" (atau "openjade"), "sgml-base", dan seterusnya.

Paket JADETEX

Agar dapat mengolah format "PDF", perlu ditambahkan paket "jadetex", serta perluada "symlink" dengan nama "usr" ke direktori "/usr/".

Bahasa Indonesia

Berkas /usr/share/sgml/docbook/stylesheet/dsssl/modular/common/dbl1id.dsl, berisi istilah-istilah dalam bahasa Indonesia. Jika tidakmerasa cocok, silakan diubah sesuai dengan keyakinan dan kepercayaanmasing-masing. OK, ini bukan cara yang baek, tapi cara yang paling cepat.

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Bab 7. TIP dan TRIK7.1. Rujukan dan Daftar

Jika bete, silakan langsung saja melompat ke Bagian Penutup tulisan ini. Terdapat sekurangnya duacara menyatakan rujukan pada <itemizedlist> seperti pada contoh berikut ini:

• Rujukan dapat berbentuk "linkend" ke berkas itu sendiri, [ ].

• Atau, rujukan dapat juga berbentuk URL, seperti [ vLSM.org [http://vLSM.org/] ].

Selanjutnya, kita menggunakan <orderedlist> untuk menjabarkan hal-hal lainnya:

1. Terdapat berbagai cara penekanan seperti — penguatan arti —, atau – penggunaan italic –,atau pun #X

i2.

2. Jika terdapat banyak karakter seperti ">>>>"; gunakanlah direktif CDATA, daripada capekmenulis "&gt;&gt;&gt;&gt;".

Berikut, merupakan contoh <variablelist>:

Buah Rambutan, Pisang, Jambu.

Sayur Bayam, Kentang, Timun.

Terakhir, contoh dari <segmentedlist>:Provinsi: BantenIbu Kota: SerangProvinsi: Jawa BaratIbu Kota: BandungProvinsi: Jawa TimurIbu Kota: Surabaya

7.2. Penyisipan Gambar

Ini merupakan lambang dari vLSM.org Pamulang.

[http://vLSM.org/]

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7.3. Example, Programlisting, dan Screen

Contoh 7.1. Programlisting

Digunakan khusus untuk kode program.

Ini merupakan contoh "programlisting".

Ini merupakan contoh "programlisting".Ini merupakan contoh "programlisting".Ini merupakan contoh "programlisting".

Ini merupakan contoh "programlisting".

Ini catatan kakinya.Ini juga catatan kaki.

Contoh 7.2. Screen

Hampir sama dengan programlisting, untuk keperluan serba guna.

Ini merupakan contoh "screen", bedanya apa ya? .

Ini merupakan contoh "screen", bedanya apa ya?i ,Ini merupakan contoh "screen", bedanya apa ya?

Ini merupakan contoh "screen", bedanya apa ya?Ini merupakan contoh "screen", bedanya apa ya?

Ini catatan kakinya.Ini juga catatan kaki.

7.3. Example, Programlisting, danScreen

26

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Bab 8. Hal-hal Yang BelumTerpecahkan (Format FAQ)

8.1.Bagaimana caranya menghilangkan #$^(*^&^%^&% warnings pada saat mengolah TeX(untuk membentuk berkas PDF)?

Tidak tahu...

8.2.Bagaimana caranya membuat/ merancang sampul buku (termasuk gambar)?

Tidak tahu...

8.3.Bagaimana caranya mengganti bahasa?

Tidak tahu...

8.4.Bagaimana caranya mengedit berkas DSL?

Tidak tahu...

8.5.Bagaimana caranya menggabungkan buku dengan transparan kuliah?

Tidak tahu...

8.6.Sebutkan karakter khusus yang tersedia

(!) (33) (") (34) (#) (35) ($) (36) (%) (37) (&) (38) (') (39) (() (40) ()) (41) (*) (42) (+) (43) (,)(44) (-) (45) (.) (46) (/) (47)

(0) (48) (1) (49) (2) (50) (3) (51) (4) (52) (5) (53) (6) (54) (7) (55) (8) (56) (9) (57)

(:) (58) (;) (59) (<) (60) (=) (61) (>) (62) (?) (63) (@) (64)

(A) (65) (B) (66) (C) (67) (D) (68) (E) (69) (F) (70) (G) (71) (H) (72) (I) (73) (J) (74) (K) (75)(L) (76) (M) (77) (N) (78) (O) (79) (P) (80) (Q) (81) (R) (82) (S) (83) (T) (84) (U) (85) (V)(86) (W) (87) (X) (88) (Y) (89)

(Z) (90) ([) (91) (\) (92) (]) (93) (^) (94) (_) (95) (`) (96)

(a) (97) (b) (98) (c) (99) (d) (100) (e) (101) (f) (102) (g) (103) (h) (104) (i) (105) (j) (106) (k)(107) (l) (108) (m) (109) (n) (110) (o) (111) (p) (112) (q) (113) (r) (114) (s) (115) (t) (116) (u)(117) (v) (118) (w) (119) (x) (120) (y) (121) (z) (122) ({) (123)

(|) (124) (}) (125) (~) (126)

(¡) (161) (¢) (162) (£) (163) (¤) (164) (¥) (165) (¦) (166) (§) (167) (¨) (168) (©) (169) (ª) (170)(«) (171) (¬) (172) (-) (173) (®) (174) (¯) (175) (°) (176) (±) (177) (²) (178) (³) (179) (´) (180)(µ) (181) (¶) (182) (·) (183) (¸) (184) (¹) (185) (º) (186) (») (187) (¼) (188) (½) (189) (¾)(190) (¿) (191) (À) (192) (Á) (193) (Â) (194) (Ã) (195) (Ä) (196) (Å) (197) (Æ) (198) (Ç)

27

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(199) (È) (200) (É) (201) (Ê) (202) (Ë) (203) (Ì) (204) (Í) (205) (Î) (206) (Ï) (207) (Ð) (208)(Ñ) (209) (Ò) (210) (Ó) (211) (Ô) (212) (Õ) (213) (Ö) (214) (×) (215) (Ø) (216) (Ù) (217) (Ú)(218) (Û) (219) (Ü) (220) (Ý) (221) (Þ) (222) (ß) (223) (à) (224) (á) (225) (â) (226) (ã) (227)(ä) (228) (å) (229) (æ) (230) (ç) (231) (è) (232) (é) (233) (ê) (234) (ë) (235) (ì) (236) (í) (237)(î) (238) (ï) (239) (ð) (240) (ñ) (241) (ò) (242) (ó) (243) (ô) (244) (õ) (245) (ö) (246) (÷) (247)(ø) (248) (ù) (249) (ú) (250) (û) (251) (ü) (252) (ý) (253) (þ) (254) (ÿ) (255)

(# # AGR) (# # BGR) (# # GGR) (# # DGR) (# # EGR) (# # ZGR) (# # EEGR) (# # THGR)(# # IGR) (# # KGR) (µ # MGR) (# # NGR) (# # XGR) (# # OGR) (# # PGR) (# # RGR) (# #SGR) (# # TGR) (# # UGR) (# # PHGR) (# # KHGR) (# # PSGR) (# # OHGR)

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Bab 9. Penutup

Seribu Rupiah:Ini baru lumayan,Buat foya-foya,Kalau di Nirwana...Cihuy...

—Harry Roesli, Ken Arok

That is it! Anda telah mencapai akhir dari tulisan ini. Silakan melompat kembali ke menggunakanxreflabel. Silakan menekan F1 atau ctrl-X, lalu kirimkan ke

vLSM.orgPamulang Permai B33/3Pamulang, Banten, 15417

IndonesiaTelepon: ++62-21-786-3419

Faks: ++62-21-786-3415

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Bagian III. Source SGMLIni SGML

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Bab 10. Bagian I

Blahblahblah...

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Bab 11. Bagian II

Blahblahblah...

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Bagian IV. Penutup

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Daftar Isi12. Rujukan ........................................................................................................41A. GNU Free Documentation License ......................................................................43

A.1. PREAMBLE ................................................................................43A.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS ............................................43A.3. VERBATIM COPYING .................................................................44A.4. COPYING IN QUANTITY .............................................................44A.5. MODIFICATIONS ........................................................................45A.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS .........................................................46A.7. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS .................................................46A.8. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS ...........................47A.9. TRANSLATION ...........................................................................47A.10. TERMINATION .........................................................................47A.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE .....................................47A.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents ................48

Indeks ................................................................................................................49

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Bab 12. RujukanBerikut merupakan rangkuman dari semua rujukan yang digunakan di buku ini:

[AU]

http://www.atnf.csiro.au/people/rgooch/linux/docs/vfs.txt

Bibliografi[KennethRosen1999] Kenneth H. Rosen. Hak Cipta © 1999. Discrete Mathematics and Its

Application. McGraw Hill.

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Lampiran A. GNU FreeDocumentation License

Version 1.2, November 2002

Copyright © 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place,Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy anddistribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

A.1. PREAMBLEThe purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document"free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this Licensepreserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being consideredresponsible for modifications made by others.

This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of the document mustthemselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is acopyleft license designed for free software.

We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free softwareneeds free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedomsthat the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for anytextual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book. Werecommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.

A.2. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONSThis License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that contains a notice placed bythe copyright holder saying it can be distributed under the terms of this License. Such a noticegrants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that work under theconditions stated herein. The "Document", below, refers to any such manual or work. Any memberof the public is a licensee, and is addressed as "you". You accept the license if you copy, modify ordistribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law.

A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the Document or a portion of it,either copied verbatim, or with modifications and/or translated into another language.

A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section of the Document that dealsexclusively with the relationship of the publishers or authors of the Document to the Document'soverall subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly within that overallsubject. (Thus, if the Document is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may notexplain any mathematics.) The relationship could be a matter of historical connection with thesubject or with related matters, or of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political positionregarding them.

The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose titles are designated, as being thoseof Invariant Sections, in the notice that says that the Document is released under this License. If asection does not fit the above definition of Secondary then it is not allowed to be designated asInvariant. The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections. If the Document does not identifyany Invariant Sections then there are none.

The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are listed, as Front-Cover Texts orBack-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that the Document is released under this License. AFront-Cover Text may be at most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may be at most 25 words.

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A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy, represented in a formatwhose specification is available to the general public, that is suitable for revising the documentstraightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of pixels) generic paintprograms or (for drawings) some widely available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input totext formatters or for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input to textformatters. A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file format whose markup, or absence ofmarkup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent modification by readers is notTransparent. An image format is not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text. A copythat is not "Transparent" is called "Opaque".

Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain ASCII without markup, Texinfoinput format, LaTeX input format, SGML or XML using a publicly available DTD, andstandard-conforming simple HTML, PostScript or PDF designed for human modification. Examplesof transparent image formats include PNG, XCF and JPG. Opaque formats include proprietaryformats that can be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for whichthe DTD and/or processing tools are not generally available, and the machine-generated HTML,PostScript or PDF produced by some word processors for output purposes only.

The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself, plus such following pages as areneeded to hold, legibly, the material this License requires to appear in the title page. For works informats which do not have any title page as such, "Title Page" means the text near the mostprominent appearance of the work's title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document whose title either is preciselyXYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses following text that translates XYZ in another language. (HereXYZ stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as "Acknowledgements","Dedications", "Endorsements", or "History".) To "Preserve the Title" of such a section when youmodify the Document means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according to this definition.

The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which states that this Licenseapplies to the Document. These Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference inthis License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other implication that these WarrantyDisclaimers may have is void and has no effect on the meaning of this License.

A.3. VERBATIM COPYINGYou may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially ornoncommercially, provided that this License, the copyright notices, and the license notice sayingthis License applies to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no otherconditions whatsoever to those of this License. You may not use technical measures to obstruct orcontrol the reading or further copying of the copies you make or distribute. However, you mayaccept compensation in exchange for copies. If you distribute a large enough number of copies youmust also follow the conditions in section 3.

You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and you may publicly displaycopies.

A.4. COPYING IN QUANTITYIf you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly have printed covers) of theDocument, numbering more than 100, and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, youmust enclose the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover Texts: Front-CoverTexts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on the back cover. Both covers must also clearlyand legibly identify you as the publisher of these copies. The front cover must present the full titlewith all words of the title equally prominent and visible. You may add other material on the coversin addition. Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve the title of theDocument and satisfy these conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in other respects.

If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit legibly, you should put the first oneslisted (as many as fit reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent pages.

A.3. VERBATIM COPYING

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If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering more than 100, you musteither include a machine-readable Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in orwith each Opaque copy a computer-network location from which the general network-using publichas access to download using public-standard network protocols a complete Transparent copy of theDocument, free of added material. If you use the latter option, you must take reasonably prudentsteps, when you begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this Transparentcopy will remain thus accessible at the stated location until at least one year after the last time youdistribute an Opaque copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to the public.

It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well beforeredistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updatedversion of the Document.

A.5. MODIFICATIONSYou may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the conditions of sections2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with theModified Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution and modification ofthe Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it. In addition, you must do these things in theModified Version:

A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct from that of the Document, andfrom those of previous versions (which should, if there were any, be listed in the Historysection of the Document). You may use the same title as a previous version if the originalpublisher of that version gives permission.

B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities responsible for authorship ofthe modifications in the Modified Version, together with at least five of the principal authors ofthe Document (all of its principal authors, if it has fewer than five), unless they release youfrom this requirement.

C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the Modified Version, as the publisher.

D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.

E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications adjacent to the other copyrightnotices.

F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice giving the public permissionto use the Modified Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in theAddendum below.

G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections and required Cover Textsgiven in the Document's license notice.

H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.

I. Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title, and add to it an item stating at leastthe title, year, new authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. Ifthere is no section Entitled "History" in the Document, create one stating the title, year,authors, and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an item describingthe Modified Version as stated in the previous sentence.

J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for public access to a Transparentcopy of the Document, and likewise the network locations given in the Document for previousversions it was based on. These may be placed in the "History" section. You may omit anetwork location for a work that was published at least four years before the Document itself,or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.

K. For any section Entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications", Preserve the Title of thesection, and preserve in the section all the substance and tone of each of the contributor

A.5. MODIFICATIONS

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acknowledgements and/or dedications given therein.

L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their titles.Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.

M. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements". Such a section may not be included in theModified Version.

N. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with anyInvariant Section.

O. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as SecondarySections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate someor all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in theModified Version's license notice. These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.

You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains nothing but endorsements ofyour Modified Version by various parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the texthas been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a standard.

You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a passage of up to 25 wordsas a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version. Only onepassage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or througharrangements made by) any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text for the samecover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalfof, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from theprevious publisher that added the old one.

The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License give permission to use theirnames for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

A.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTSYou may combine the Document with other documents released under this License, under the termsdefined in section 4 above for modified versions, provided that you include in the combination all ofthe Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and list them all as InvariantSections of your combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all their WarrantyDisclaimers.

The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical InvariantSections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the samename but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, inparentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a uniquenumber. Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the licensenotice of the combined work.

In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled "History" in the various originaldocuments, forming one section Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled"Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications". You must delete all sections Entitled"Endorsements".

A.7. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTSYou may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released under thisLicense, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various documents with a singlecopy that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License forverbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.

A.6. COMBINING DOCUMENTS

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You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under thisLicense, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow thisLicense in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.

A.8. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENTWORKS

A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and independent documents orworks, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if thecopyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the legal rights of the compilation'susers beyond what the individual works permit. When the Document is included in an aggregate,this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivativeworks of the Document.

If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if theDocument is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placedon covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers ifthe Document is in electronic form. Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket thewhole aggregate.

A.9. TRANSLATIONTranslation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Documentunder the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires specialpermission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all InvariantSections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include atranslation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any WarrantyDisclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and theoriginal versions of those notices and disclaimers. In case of a disagreement between the translationand the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail.

If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", or "History", therequirement (section 4) to Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actualtitle.

A.10. TERMINATIONYou may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided forunder this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document isvoid, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who havereceived copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated solong as such parties remain in full compliance.

A.11. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSEThe Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free DocumentationLicense from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, butmay differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.

Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document specifies thata particular numbered version of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the optionof following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or of any later version that hasbeen published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify aversion number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by theFree Software Foundation.

A.8. AGGREGATION WITHINDEPENDENT WORKS

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A.12. ADDENDUM: How to use this Licensefor your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the documentand put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:

Copyright © YEAR YOUR NAME.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under theterms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later versionpublished by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, noFront-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included inthe section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts, replace the "with...Texts."line with this:

with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the Front-CoverTexts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.

If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, mergethose two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing theseexamples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General PublicLicense, to permit their use in free software.

A.12. ADDENDUM: How to use thisLicense for your documents

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IndeksPPersiapan, 3

SSGML TAG

acronym, 19appendix, 23application, 23caution, 23foreignphrase, 29list

itemizedlist, 25orderedlist, 25segmentedlist, 25ulink, 25variablelist, 25

note, 23qandaset,table, 3warning, 23

SGMLTOOLS-LITE, 23

VvLSM.org, 25

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