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Conservation Beyond Borders - UF/IFAS OCI | · PDF file Conservation Beyond Borders Balancing the Needs of International Development and the Environment Bob Tansey, Ben Roth, Le Zhu

May 29, 2020

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  • Conservation Beyond Borders Balancing the Needs of International Development and the Environment

    Bob Tansey, Ben Roth, Le Zhu

    Methods Development by Design (DbD) - A set of planning tools to balance development needs with biodiversity conservation.

    A science-based approach to avoid siting conflicts, maintain biodiversity, and determine suitable mitigation options.

    Follows the “mitigation hierarchy” of avoid, minimize/restore, and offset to ensure the long-term survival of critical species and habitats.

    Opportunities The Conservancy will collaborate with Chinese development actors overseas to realize effective conservation outcomes.

    The application of DbD in the earliest stages of a project’s lifecycle will result in the greatest environmental and economic returns.

    Key players: In addition to the Local Developer, Chinese Policy Banks and Chinese Contractors play critical roles during the lifespan of an overseas development project.

    Background

    China’s ascendant role on the world stage is reshaping global economic and political dynamics. One of the Conservancy’s responses to the globalization of conservation is a new China-based cross-regional initiative, Conservation Beyond Borders.

    The initiative is focused on four areas we believe will provide the greatest return on investment: 1) Green Development, 2) Project Financing, 3) Responsible Sourcing, and 4) China’s Foreign Aid.

    © 2011, The Heritage Foundation

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    Anticipated impacts

    Residual impacts

    Avoided impacts

    Minimize/ Restore

    Avoided impacts

    Impact offset

    Avoided impacts

    Positive contributions to biodiversity

    Residual impacts

    From Kiesecker et al. 2009

    AVOID MINIMIZE/RESTORE OFFSET

    Minimize/ Restore

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    “Early warning” & planning: development projects and

    conservation priorities

    Selection of offset portfolio & accounting

    for no net loss

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    Goals Green Development – Support Chinese companies in the application of the Development by Design planning framework to avoid and/or mitigate environmental impacts of development through good planning and design of high-value, measurable biodiversity offsets.

    Project Financing – Improve the environmental sustainability of Chinese projects overseas by incorporating best practices into the application of lending and investment policies of China’s top financing institutions.

    Responsible Sourcing – Green supply chains through public-private partnerships that strengthen the case for government and businesses to adopt legal and responsible sourcing practices for soy, tropical timber, and palm oil.

    China’s Foreign Aid– Inform China’s overseas development assistance strategy by demonstrating the value of nature-based aid projects, including through debt-for-nature swaps.

    Conceptual Project Proposal

    Mature Project Proposal

    Project Implementation

    Concession Loan Pool

    Trading or Diplomatic Agreement

    Local Developer

    Chinese Contractor

    Chinese Contractor

    Local Government

    Chinese Government

    Chinese Policy

    BANK

    Local Developer

    Opportunities

    Project(s) Evaluation & Loan Agreement

    EPC Contract

    Supervision

    Supervision

    Support

    For Reference Only

    Approval