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CONCEPTUAL ART photography. DEFINITIONS & EXAMPLES The inception of the term in the 1960s referred to a strict and focused practice of idea-based art

Dec 28, 2015



  • CONCEPTUAL ARTphotography

  • DEFINITIONS & EXAMPLESThe inception of the term in the 1960s referred to a strict and focused practice of idea-based art that often defied traditional visual criteria associated with the visual arts in its presentation as text.Conceptual art or Conceptual Art - Art that is intended to convey an idea or a concept to the perceiver, rejecting the creation or appreciation of a traditional art object such as a painting or a sculpture as a precious commodity.

  • HISTORICAL OVERVIEWThe French artist Marcel Duchamp paved the way for the conceptualists, providing them with examples of prototypically conceptual works -- the readymades, for instance. The most famous of Duchamp's readymades was Fountain (1917), a standard urinal basin signed by the artist with the pseudonym "R.Mutt", and submitted for inclusion in the annual, un-juried exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists in New York--it was rejected.[5] I

  • DUCHAMP MarcelThe Fountain, Lurinoir1917

  • Conceptual art emerged as a movement during the 1960s.Conceptual art also reacted against the commodification of art; it attempted a subversion of the gallery or museum as the location and determiner of art, and the art market as the owner and distributor of artThe first wave of the "conceptual art" movement extended from approximately 1967 to 1978.

  • BELLOCQ Ernest JamesStoryville Portrait, 1912

  • DRTIKOL FrantisekThe Soul, 1930

  • MAN RAYTears, 1930

  • EDGERTON, Harold E.Milk Drop Coronet, 1957

  • TOMATSU, ShomeiRuinous Garden, 1964

  • HEINEKEN, RobertCostume for Feb68, 1968

  • BERMAN WallaceUntitled (A1-Cross), 1970

  • VAN ELK, GerThe discovery of the Sardines, 1971

  • GRESTER, GeorgLabbzanga, Mali, 1972

  • BALDESSARI JohnThrowing Four Balls in the Air to get a Square (Best of Thirty-Six Tries), 1974

  • FURUYA, SeichiIzu (Japan), 1978

  • MICHALS, DuaneI Build a Pyramid, 1978

  • GROOVER, JanTybee Forks and Starts (K), 1978

  • LELE, OukaLemons, 1979

  • BECHER Bernd & HillaIndustrial Facades #23, 1980

  • DATER JudyMs. Cling-Free, 1982

  • CALLE SophieThe Hotel, Room 44, 1983

  • BOONSTRA RommertUntitled, 1984

  • SIMMONS, LauriePink Stonehenge, 1984

  • DEN HOLLANDER PaulUntitled, 1984

  • KLEIN, AstridNight Matter I, 1985

  • VILARINO, ManuelSula Bassana, 1985

  • GRAHAM, PaulFrancos Head on Coins, Vigo, Spain, 1988

  • LEVINTHAL, DavidUntitled, 1988

  • ARNATT, KeithObject from a Rubbish Tip, 1989

  • SKOGLUND, SandyFox Games, 1989

  • KAILA, JanUntitled, 1991

  • BLUME Anna & BernhardTranscendental Constructivism, 1993

  • FLORSCHUETZ, ThomasTriptych #77, 1993

  • HAMMERSTIEL, Robert F.make it up, 1994

  • KRIMS, LesStilted, 1996

  • The endTHE PHOTOGRAPHY BOOKPhaidon Press Limited1997

    Portrait of prostitute of Storyville, New Orleans.Conceptual? Face erased, butterfly drawing*Figure cut from cardboard representing the soul.Drtikol was interested in Theosophy and Buddhism.He was in touch with Rudolf Steiner: according to Steiner we absorb through the limbs the movement of the world into ourselves, which he calls the Spirit.*Trained as a sculptor and a painter in New York, was a co-founder of the New York Dada group. In 1921 he went to Paris, where he became acquainted with the Surrealists.Glass tears are a sign of insincerity.*Dye transfer print.A drop of milk falling onto a thin layer of milk on a plate makes a nearly symmetrical splash.Edgerton worked as an electrical engineer; he began experimenting with this particular figure in the early 1930s. In 1931 he introduced the stroboscope, a device able to produce quick bursts of intense light.Edgertons experiments and invention coincided with Cartier-Bressons idea of the decisive moments in photo-reportage. *Shrimps, feathers, seeds and dried leaves make this composition.Tomatsu gives larger meanings to the feel of things and to their appreciation.*Before Photoshop and digital imagery.Constructed photography. This collage has been achieved by projecting negatives onto a collection of pictures mounted on a wall. American cultural commentators in the 1960s to remark on the conjunction between sex and violence.*Verifax collage: early photocopying process.Hand-held transistor radio plus verifaxed images from popular culture.Bermans art was premised on the idea of a national consciousness somehow held together by representative popular imagery.*Tragi-comic staged photographs.Dutch Fotografia Buffa movement.Sardines in both pictures; the passing car on the right is there to suggest that cars can also pass on the left. If this happens the sardines will be pulped into the road.*Gerster was a specialist aerial photographer; he spotted this village during a reconnaissance flight along the bend in the Niger River.This village looked like the most beautiful village.This government wanted to move this village to a more convenient site but because of this photograph the plans were dropped.*Why?For the sake of serendipity or to prove that things can work out the way we want them to.Baldessaris proposal is that ordinary time is readily available, and that it might well be used to enact miracles, no matter how small.*This picture introduces Furuyas Mmoires of 1989, a book devised in memory of his wife, who died in 1985.Performance art: the passage towards death is interspersed with snapshot incidents and motifs from their life together.In this picture the woman has a scar on her neck, and as the book progresses the scar heals, although it is often obscured by shadow. However as the scar heals. Christines health deteriorates and her features appear more and more drawn and wasted.*Michals is here making his own mark in the face of the kind of timelessness represented by the ancient pyramids.His photographs are often put together in sets like this.*Abstract photograph: fragments of objects.Picture is an arrangement; the objects speak about touch and pressure.Jan Groover was originally an abstract painter.*Peluqueria is a series of portraits of people oddly coiffed (model aircraft, books, irons).This picture is an allegory to taste.Ouka Lele takes black-and-white photographs and then hand-colours them, giving them vivid saturate or unnatural backgrounds. The end result looks like advertising images.*From a book on industrial buildings Anonymous Sculptures: A Typology of technical Construction.The Bechers like to draw attention to the grandeur of industrial buildings, but their chief aim is to invite audiences to pay attention to the processes under consideration and to become aware of that often involuntary attention. *Tradition of Californian avant-garde.You have to go along with the combination of fantasy and intimacy.Personal and autobiographical art.Artist is posing for her own pictures.*The importance of Sophie Calles work has been to raise questions about what is that interests us: the ordinary fabric of others lifes for instance.For this project:Venetian hotel room ; February 1983; Temporary chambermaid in charge of 12 bedrooms for three weeks. *Dutch installation photographyStaged photography using painted models and back projections (no Photoshop)Represents last days of civilization. *Unique colour photograph.From Tourism series.A cast of model characters pose and appear to move against a back-projected view of reddened Stonehenge, symbol of timeless antiquity. *Subject: perception of time*Photogram: a form of printing that displays the negative.Large scale photo-work: h245xw428German artists were often concerned by claustrophobia.*From publication Bestias InvoluntariasA preserved specimen is placed with tools and equipment, prompting ideas of striking and cutting.Vilarino brings into conjunction the fact and the idea of death. *Graham has always chosen to work with symptoms, and with scarcely inscribed evidence such as this which will tell another story bearing on life beyond the headlines.Story: a bench near a public telephone in Spain. Smokers, preoccupied by the problems of dialling and inserting coin, have left their cigarettes to burn onto the painted surface. *Polaroid.From Wild West series.Uses toys and models.Fight between cowboy and Indian.Purpose: audience is forced to reflect on ideas: heroism, struggle, action, catastrophe.

    *From a series of pictures of discarded objects called The Tears of Things.Arte Povera art contrived from despised materials.*22 red foxes; a single grey in a frame , arrangement flawless, no supports or wires visible.Questions about art and its objects.*Collaborative artwork between the photographer and Eli Sinist, an acrobat, dancer and magician.From book: Elis Sinist.The model acts expressively in response to Kailas prompting:greedy, proudImprovisation from material on hand; here the model lies beneath a blanket of daisies in the sunlight. *Staged photo-narrativeThis pair of pictures is part of a series in which the photographers appear as .In this picture, artistic creativity as represented by a work of art by the Russian painter Kasimir Malevitch has surprised a housewife in the thick of ordinary life. *Large scale C-type prints: total h150xw300cmThese pictures are intended to be shown in gallery spaces, and to challenge audience responses.Florshuetzs aim is to draw attention to the sort of things which are easily taken for granted: physical processes for example.*Dolls outfits packaged in transparent plastic are part of everyday commercial reality. Hammerstiels tactic is to photograph and reproduce such miniatures on a scale large enough to make them objects for thought. His strategy is