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Oct 19, 2020
Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging
Congolese Foresters Network Réseau Congolais des Forestiers Coordination Générale Av. Kibombo Ibanda, Bukavu, Sud-Kivu Enceinte de la poste au Rez-de-chaussée République Démocratique du Congo E-mail : [email protected] http://www.foreigninterest.com/Portals/CongoleseForesters.html Tel : +243 997 781 189 ;
Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic
Pollution with Sustainable Packaging
In collaboration with the NGO member ABEFA
mailto:[email protected] http://www.foreigninterest.com/Portals/CongoleseForesters.html
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 2
II. GENERAL OVERVIEW OF PLASTIC AND BIODEGRADABLE
1. DEFINITION OF SOME CONCEPTS
2. TYPES OF MATERIALS
3. DIMENSION OF PAPER
4. QUALITIES OF PAPERS
5. SCIENTIFIC DRAWING
8. DIFFERENT FORMS OF PACKAGING AND LEARNING EXERCISES
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 3
Packaging is the set of techniques for containing, protecting and preserving
products during storage, handling and distribution.
- Maintain quality by preserving the products of damage (damage)
- Ensure the possibility of self-service
- Give the guarantee of the transport services
- Contribute to maintaining the degree of product sterility
- Contribute to the psycho-chemical stability of the product
There are several criteria for the choice of packaging. In relation to the theme of
today, we have chosen those related to the conservation of the environment:
- Choose the crushable packaging to avoid pollution;
- recycling packaging;
- Can be cremated but without toxic emanation;
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 4
II. OVERVIEW OF PLASTICS AND BIODEGRADABLE PACKAGING
A. Plastic packaging
Delayed environment, human health in danger.
Mistakes against the environment and nature pay cash! Let's be careful.
For decades, the DRC has been confronted with pollution from plastic bags and
packaging due to their heavy use in all sectors.
Practical and less expensive, non-biodegradable plastic bags have reached an
1. The suffering environment
Plastics influence many thousands of life and their consequences on the
environment are multiple:
• Aesthetic / visual pollution
The plastic bags, once used, are hundreds of millions in the nature, very often
thrown and / or carried by the wind. They are everywhere strewn on soils, beaches,
along rivers, the lake and even in trees; leading to landscape degradation and
destruction of biodiversity.
• Atmospheric pollution
African pollution, to reduce sachets, incineration for lack of infrastructure,
recycling and treatment; yet the product of the incineration of plastic bags is
carbon dioxide and water vapor reinforcing the greenhouse effect and contributing
to the phenomena of global warming which constitutes one of the major
environmental problems for which the whole world is mobilized. According to
firefighters, 10 kilos of plastics that burn are 25m3 of smoking.
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 5
• Modification of ecosystems
According to several studies, plastic bags whose lifespan varies between 100 and
400 years depending on the conditions have harmful effects on the aquatic fauna
and flora. In the aquatic environment, it causes the modification of ecosystems by
preventing the penetration of the light carrying necessary for photosynthesis of
• Threat to animals and plants
According to research, 30% of livestock mortality is attributed to plastic bags due
to their indigestion on animals. For example, in Togo, high chickens and sheep
have been found to die of stomach obstruction after having mistaken plastics for
worms and leaf tips.
In plants, these plastics asphyxiate the soil and constitute a brake on plant growth,
thus favoring the wilting of the plates.
Research has shown that mismanagement of plastic bags can also lead to flooding
with clogging of runoff water.
2. Human health in danger
Petroleum-based product and many other components, plastic poses a great threat
to human health.
• Cancer and malformation
The smoke produced by the incineration of the plastic bags contains carcinogenic
dioxin, notes a specialist of the human health which specifies that the plastic bag
causes the cancer.
Indeed, this toxic gas attacks lungs and hormones, causing cancer or malformations
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 6
• Reproductive problem
Chemical substances present in plastic bags would be accused of falling sperm
quality and diseases related to the genital tract through indoctrin disturbances. The
two incriminated elements: Phthalate and Bisphenol A.
• Diabetes and cardiovascular disease
The American Medical Association had published on a conclusive study on an
increase in the concentration of bisphenol A (B.P.A) in urine increased 39% risk of
diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
• Food poisoning
Chemical substances present in the plastic bag migrate to food, especially when
they are hot.
2. TO REMEMBER
- Avoid discarding plastic packaging around tracks, in gutters but rather in the
places indicated to facilitate collection and recycling.
- Avoid burning the plastic bag to make the cooking fire.
B. Biodegradable packaging
Nowadays, there are packaging that respects the environment, it is biodegradable
and composable packaging.
Made from natural and renewable raw materials, plastic packaging is CO2 neutral.
We recognize three great benefits:
- They are made from renewable materials and even agricultural waste;
- Production emits significantly less CO2;
- Can be composted, which makes a complete cycle.
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 7
Need to find an alternation
CFN and the Association ABEFA (Acting for the Wellbeing of the Child and the
Family) in its program of the manufacture of fire lights "SAIDIA" to fight against
the use of small pinus tree sticks and plastic bags to make the fire took the
initiative of shaping packaging from the papers commonly known as "bizeta" in
order to reduce the risks involved. In the same vein, we also welcome the decision
of the Congolese Minister of Industry Remy MUSUNGAI, prohibiting the import,
manufacture and marketing of plastic bags
So, we organized training in the manufacture of paper packaging.
B) Paper: material made from dough of rags or vegetable fiber spread in layers of
threats that are made dry and begin with a sheet to write; print or wrap.
C) Shaping: all the operations done to give a shape to any material
D) Cut: it is a plane gives to a thing to show the relative dimension and the details.
E) Dimension: measure of a thing to each direction of the space; combination of
fundamental unit in which a value is measured
F) Measure: rule with wisdom
II. CHOICE OF MATERIALS TO USE
II.1. GENERAL CONTEXT
Materials are sets of materials and tools necessary for the manufacture, design,
creation or production of a good.
The choices of these materials depend on the product to be manufactured; here we
must choose the materials to use because the quality of the good we will reproduce
depends on the choice we will use here it is shaping the paper packaging.
And so the choice of materials to use will be based on paper.
CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 8
II.2. DIFFERENT MATERIALS USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF
a) Paper: There are several categories and shapes of paper according to the use that
will be made of it (image)
Chisel and or trimmer: There are two types o