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Oct 19, 2020

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  • Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging

    Congolese Foresters Network Réseau Congolais des Forestiers Coordination Générale Av. Kibombo Ibanda, Bukavu, Sud-Kivu Enceinte de la poste au Rez-de-chaussée République Démocratique du Congo E-mail : [email protected] http://www.foreigninterest.com/Portals/CongoleseForesters.html Tel : +243 997 781 189 ;

    Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic

    Pollution with Sustainable Packaging

    In collaboration with the NGO member ABEFA

    mailto:[email protected] http://www.foreigninterest.com/Portals/CongoleseForesters.html

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 2

    TRAINING MODULE

    I. INTRODUCTION

    II. GENERAL OVERVIEW OF PLASTIC AND BIODEGRADABLE

    PACKAGING

    1. DEFINITION OF SOME CONCEPTS

    2. TYPES OF MATERIALS

    3. DIMENSION OF PAPER

    4. QUALITIES OF PAPERS

    5. SCIENTIFIC DRAWING

    6. CUTTING

    7. FANCONNAGE

    8. DIFFERENT FORMS OF PACKAGING AND LEARNING EXERCISES

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 3

    I. INTRODUCTION

    Packaging is the set of techniques for containing, protecting and preserving

    products during storage, handling and distribution.

    a. Role

    - Maintain quality by preserving the products of damage (damage)

    - Ensure the possibility of self-service

    - Give the guarantee of the transport services

    b. Function

    - Contribute to maintaining the degree of product sterility

    - Contribute to the psycho-chemical stability of the product

    c. Choice

    There are several criteria for the choice of packaging. In relation to the theme of

    today, we have chosen those related to the conservation of the environment:

    - Choose the crushable packaging to avoid pollution;

    - recycling packaging;

    - Can be cremated but without toxic emanation;

    - Biodegradable;

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 4

    II. OVERVIEW OF PLASTICS AND BIODEGRADABLE PACKAGING

    A. Plastic packaging

    Delayed environment, human health in danger.

    Mistakes against the environment and nature pay cash! Let's be careful.

    For decades, the DRC has been confronted with pollution from plastic bags and

    packaging due to their heavy use in all sectors.

    Practical and less expensive, non-biodegradable plastic bags have reached an

    extraordinary use.

    1. The suffering environment

    Plastics influence many thousands of life and their consequences on the

    environment are multiple:

    • Aesthetic / visual pollution

    The plastic bags, once used, are hundreds of millions in the nature, very often

    thrown and / or carried by the wind. They are everywhere strewn on soils, beaches,

    along rivers, the lake and even in trees; leading to landscape degradation and

    destruction of biodiversity.

    • Atmospheric pollution

    African pollution, to reduce sachets, incineration for lack of infrastructure,

    recycling and treatment; yet the product of the incineration of plastic bags is

    carbon dioxide and water vapor reinforcing the greenhouse effect and contributing

    to the phenomena of global warming which constitutes one of the major

    environmental problems for which the whole world is mobilized. According to

    firefighters, 10 kilos of plastics that burn are 25m3 of smoking.

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 5

    • Modification of ecosystems

    According to several studies, plastic bags whose lifespan varies between 100 and

    400 years depending on the conditions have harmful effects on the aquatic fauna

    and flora. In the aquatic environment, it causes the modification of ecosystems by

    preventing the penetration of the light carrying necessary for photosynthesis of

    living organisms.

    • Threat to animals and plants

    According to research, 30% of livestock mortality is attributed to plastic bags due

    to their indigestion on animals. For example, in Togo, high chickens and sheep

    have been found to die of stomach obstruction after having mistaken plastics for

    worms and leaf tips.

    In plants, these plastics asphyxiate the soil and constitute a brake on plant growth,

    thus favoring the wilting of the plates.

    • Flood

    Research has shown that mismanagement of plastic bags can also lead to flooding

    with clogging of runoff water.

    2. Human health in danger

    Petroleum-based product and many other components, plastic poses a great threat

    to human health.

    • Cancer and malformation

    The smoke produced by the incineration of the plastic bags contains carcinogenic

    dioxin, notes a specialist of the human health which specifies that the plastic bag

    causes the cancer.

    Indeed, this toxic gas attacks lungs and hormones, causing cancer or malformations

    in newborns.

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 6

    • Reproductive problem

    Chemical substances present in plastic bags would be accused of falling sperm

    quality and diseases related to the genital tract through indoctrin disturbances. The

    two incriminated elements: Phthalate and Bisphenol A.

    • Diabetes and cardiovascular disease

    The American Medical Association had published on a conclusive study on an

    increase in the concentration of bisphenol A (B.P.A) in urine increased 39% risk of

    diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

    • Food poisoning

    Chemical substances present in the plastic bag migrate to food, especially when

    they are hot.

    2. TO REMEMBER

    - Avoid discarding plastic packaging around tracks, in gutters but rather in the

    places indicated to facilitate collection and recycling.

    - Avoid burning the plastic bag to make the cooking fire.

    B. Biodegradable packaging

    Nowadays, there are packaging that respects the environment, it is biodegradable

    and composable packaging.

    Made from natural and renewable raw materials, plastic packaging is CO2 neutral.

    We recognize three great benefits:

    - They are made from renewable materials and even agricultural waste;

    - Production emits significantly less CO2;

    - Can be composted, which makes a complete cycle.

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 7

    Need to find an alternation

    CFN and the Association ABEFA (Acting for the Wellbeing of the Child and the

    Family) in its program of the manufacture of fire lights "SAIDIA" to fight against

    the use of small pinus tree sticks and plastic bags to make the fire took the

    initiative of shaping packaging from the papers commonly known as "bizeta" in

    order to reduce the risks involved. In the same vein, we also welcome the decision

    of the Congolese Minister of Industry Remy MUSUNGAI, prohibiting the import,

    manufacture and marketing of plastic bags

    So, we organized training in the manufacture of paper packaging.

    1. Definition:

    A) Packaging;

    B) Paper: material made from dough of rags or vegetable fiber spread in layers of

    threats that are made dry and begin with a sheet to write; print or wrap.

    C) Shaping: all the operations done to give a shape to any material

    D) Cut: it is a plane gives to a thing to show the relative dimension and the details.

    E) Dimension: measure of a thing to each direction of the space; combination of

    fundamental unit in which a value is measured

    F) Measure: rule with wisdom

    II. CHOICE OF MATERIALS TO USE

    II.1. GENERAL CONTEXT

    Materials are sets of materials and tools necessary for the manufacture, design,

    creation or production of a good.

    The choices of these materials depend on the product to be manufactured; here we

    must choose the materials to use because the quality of the good we will reproduce

    depends on the choice we will use here it is shaping the paper packaging.

    And so the choice of materials to use will be based on paper.

  • CFN-ABEFA | Community Efforts to Reduce Plastic Pollution with Sustainable Packaging, page 8

    II.2. DIFFERENT MATERIALS USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF

    PACKAGING

    a) Paper: There are several categories and shapes of paper according to the use that

    will be made of it (image)

    b)

    Chisel and or trimmer: There are two types o