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CLAIM AND COUNTERCLAIM Persuasive/Argumentative Writing
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Claim and Counterclaim

Feb 23, 2016

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Claim and Counterclaim . Persuasive/Argumentative Writing . November 4 th. Write the definition: A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your thesis, or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position. November 4 th. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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Page 1: Claim and Counterclaim

CLAIM AND COUNTERCLAIM Persuasive/Argumentative Writing

Page 2: Claim and Counterclaim

November 4th Write the definition:A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your thesis, or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position.

Page 3: Claim and Counterclaim

November 4th

Why would you include a counter-argument in your essay? Doesn’t that weaken your argument?

Page 4: Claim and Counterclaim

November 4th PRE-AP Write the definition: A counter-argument is an

argument opposed to your thesis, or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of a person who disagrees with your position.

Why would you include a counter-argument in your essay? Doesn’t that weaken your argument?

Page 5: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answer Actually, no. Done well, it makes

the argument stronger. This is because it gives you the chance to respond to your reader’s objections before they have finished reading. It also shows that you are a reasonable person who has considered both sides of the debate. Both of these make an essay more persuasive.

Page 6: Claim and Counterclaim

Tuesday, November 5th Not all evidence is created equal. You must evaluate, or judge your evidence.

1. What does evaluate mean?

2. What can be done to evaluate evidence?

Page 7: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answers 1. What does evaluate mean? Evaluate means to judge the worth. 2. What can be done to evaluate

evidence? Ask if the evidence is- 1.) clearly

related to the thesis 2.) a fact or expert opinion 3.)up to date 4.) unbiased and objective

Page 8: Claim and Counterclaim

Tuesday, November 5th 1. How can a counter-argument be rebutted, or disproven?

2. What are faulty assumptions?

Page 9: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answer 1. One of the most effective ways to

rebut a counter-argument is to show that it is based on faulty assumptions. Either the facts are wrong, the analysis is incorrect, or the values it is based on are not acceptable.

2. Faulty assumptions are expectations or understandings that are based on incorrect facts or reasons that make no sense.

Page 10: Claim and Counterclaim

Wednesday, Nov. 6th Topic: You want to persuade your parents to get a dog.

1. What could be one of their concerns?

2. How could you respond to their counterargument?

Page 11: Claim and Counterclaim

Wednesday, Nov 6th Topic: You want to persuade your

parents to get a dog. Your parent’s counterargument- The

money we could save not getting a dog could go toward a family vacation.

1. What is your response? Create a one-three sentence counterargument.

Page 12: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answer Possible Counterargument response: “We would have more frequent family-

bonding opportunities if we were taking care of a dog together. These would be low cost! Also, a compromise would be to go on a smaller, more inexpensive vacation and adopt a dog.”

Page 13: Claim and Counterclaim

Thursday, Nov. 7th You are putting together an

argument for year-round school. Evaluate the evidence. Write down the one that supports the argument, then explain why.

--using the building all year would be cost effective

--many people would have strong feelings about the change

Page 14: Claim and Counterclaim

Thursday, November 7th Cont’d- You are putting together an argument for year-round school.

Possible Evidence- continuing school without a long break would help students better remember what they learn.

1. This could support your thesis IF what is done with the evidence?

Page 15: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answer

1. This could support your thesis IF the evidence is True! It needs to be verified (proven true) by a reliable source.

Page 16: Claim and Counterclaim

Friday, November 9th 1. When should a counter-argument be conceded, or accepted?

2. How can you agree with a counter-argument to your point but still maintain your stance?!

Page 17: Claim and Counterclaim

BW Answer 1. When you find a counter-argument that is TRUE

and it responds to your actual argument, you might need to agree with the point it makes.

Then you are faced with a choice: Do you abandon your thesis and adopt the counter-argument as your position?

2. Often it turns out you don’t need to abandon your thesis, but you might need to modify or refine it.

Example of a modified thesis: Students should learn what causes bullying, but should not be constantly lectured that “bullies are bad people.” Instead, they should be taught the causes and motivations in a way that they find interesting and that lets them make their own judgments.

Page 18: Claim and Counterclaim

November 8th Bellwork- get out your bellwork to study

for a quiz!

Page 19: Claim and Counterclaim

Bellwork Quiz- Question 1 1. What does evaluate mean? A. to understand B. to break apart C. to synthesize D. to judge E. to tell all about

Page 20: Claim and Counterclaim

Question 2 2. A fact is statement that can be

proven: A. with persuasive writing B. correct or incorrect C. as a person’s view, belief, or way of

thinking about something D. incorrect

Page 21: Claim and Counterclaim

Question 3 3. What is a counter-argument? A. An argument opposed to your thesis,

or part of your thesis. B. Your secondary argument. C. Added information to give a detailed

response. D. The same argument given by another

writer.

Page 22: Claim and Counterclaim

Question 4 4. What questions can be asked to

evaluate evidence? A. Is it a fact or expert opinion? B. Is it up to date? C. Is it unbiased and objective? D. All of the above. E. A and C only.

Page 23: Claim and Counterclaim

Question 5 5. What is the definition of faulty

assumptions? A. assuming that doctors who cut people

are criminals B. expectations or understandings that

are based on incorrect facts or reasons that make no sense.

C. assuming something about a person without asking them first

D. assumptions are wrong to think about others