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Civics review powerpoint

Dec 22, 2014

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  • 1. North Carolina Civics Economics Review

2. The uprising known as Shays Rebellion was in protest of A. The Intolerable Acts B. The lack of representation in Parliament C. High tea prices D. High state taxes that forced farmers into debt 3. The meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia in September 1774 to discuss concerns about Britains Intolerable Acts was known as the A. B. C. D.First Continental Congress Mayflower Compact Boston Tea Party Declaratory Act 4. American colonists resented British taxes because A. American members of Parliament voted against the taxes B. Americans grew their own tea C. The Mayflower Compact did not allow for taxes D. They had no representatives in the British Parliament 5. One of the major Anti-Federalist objections to the Constitution was that it A. Allowed for freedom of religion B. Gave too much power to state governments C. Did not contain a bill of rights D. Did away with the Electoral College 6. All of the following are protected by the 1st Amendment in the Bill of Rights except A. B. C. D.Freedom of assembly Freedom of religion Freedom of speech Freedom from self-incrimination 7. The first representative assembly, or legislature, in the English colonies was called the A. B. C. D.Virginia Company House of Burgesses Mayflower Compact Parliament 8. In colonial America, tobacco and rice were crops grown mainly in A. B. C. D.New England The Northern Colonies The Southern Colonies New York and Pennsylvania 9. In a totalitarian state, A. The governments control extends to almost all aspects of peoples lives B. Political opposition to the ruler is openly accepted C. There are few restrictions on individual freedoms D. Industries and farms produce whatever they wish for maximum profit 10. The Mayflower Compact established a tradition of direct democracy, as evidenced by A. The creation of the House of Burgesses B. The rejection of common law C. Town meetings in which citizens discuss and vote on important issues D. A governor appointed by the English king 11. In a parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is not only the chief executive, but also A. A member of the judicial branch B. A member of the parliament C. A hereditary ruler, such as a king or queen D. The president, or head of state 12. The Federalists believed that the United States A. Did not need to replace the Articles of Confederation B. Needed a strong central government C. Needed to keep all government power within the individual states D. Should not adopt the Constitution 13. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress A. Had no power to tax B. Had full power to enforce the laws it created C. Was made up of a legislature in which each state had two or more votes D. Had nearly unlimited central powers 14. In the pamphlet Common Sense, Thomas Paine argued A. Against the Declaration of Independence B. Against the Articles of Confederation C. For repairing relations with Britain and continuing as a colony D. For complete independence from Britain 15. After 1763, Great Britain began to place steep taxes on the American colonies becauseA. Tea had become much more expensive B. Britain needed the money to pay off heavy war debts following the French and Indian War C. The Americans had fought in the battles of Lexington and Concord D. For complete independence from Britain 16. The American colonists acceptance of common law and belief that a ruler was not above the law were based on A. B. C. D.The Mayflower Compact French political traditions Town meetings English political traditions 17. The notion that power lies with the people is called A. B. C. D.Expressed power Popular sovereignty Concurrent power Checks and balances 18. For a bill to become a law A. It must be approved by the Supreme Court B. Only the president needs to approve it C. It must be approved by a general vote of the population D. A majority of both senators and representatives must vote for it 19. In the system of checks and balances, to check the power of the Supreme Court, Congress can A. Veto laws proposed by the Supreme Court B. Block treaties approved by the Supreme Court C. Remove judges through the impeachment process D. Overturn executive policies it finds contrary to the U.S. Constitution 20. The first step in the process for amending the U.S. Constitution is A. B. C. D.Proposal Ratification Interpretation Presidential action 21. The ruling in the 1819 McCulloch v. Maryland Supreme Court case demonstrated that A. Local powers take precedence over state powers B. Local powers take precedence over federal powers C. Federal powers take precedence over state powers D. Concurrent powers are unconstitutional 22. The Supreme Courts decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas found that A. Racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional B. Armbands worn to school to protest the war were a form of speech and protected by the First Amendment C. Protections in the Bill of Rights did not apply to the states D. Students 18 years and older could vote in all elections 23. Americans who favor states rights over federal powers believe that the national governments powers should be limited because A. people, not the states, created the national government B. State governments are closer to the people C. Congress has the right to adopt any means it needs to carry out its delegated powers. D. Most citizens identify more closely with the national government. 24. Nearly half of the federal governments revenue is supplied by A. B. C. D.Estate taxes The income tax Fees from national parks Taxes on tobacco and alcohol 25. A federal welfare program that provides help with nutrition and health care to low-income women, infants, and children up to age 5 is A. B. C. D.Workfare EITC WIC Social security 26. The idea that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern, is called A. B. C. D.Due process Rule of law Popular sovereignty Checks and Balances 27. According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress has the power to do all of the following except A. B. C. D.Regulate foreign and interstate trade Coin money Declare war Favor one state over another 28. The powers that the U.S. Constitution does not give to the national government, but which are kept by the states, are called A. B. C. D.Implied powers Limited powers Reserved powers State powers 29. The Twenty-fourth Amendment made illegal a tax that some southern states collected before allowing a person to vote, called a A. B. C. D.Poll tax Discrimination tax Suffrage tax Popular vote tax 30. The Social Security and Medicare programs are funded by A. B. C. D.The entry fees for national parks Taxes on tobacco and alcohol Estate taxes Payroll taxes 31. The principles underlying the Constitution include all of the following except A. B. C. D.Federalism Popular sovereignty Limited voting rights Separation of powers 32. To support the principle of personal achievement, the North Carolina constitution of 1776 called for A. The creation of a state militia B. Voting rights for all women and enslaved people C. A literacy test requirement for voting D. The establishment of public schools and a university 33. According to the North Carolina constitution of 1776, the governor was A. Elected by the general public, including women and enslaved people B. Appointed by the General Assembly C. Appointed by the states judges D. Appointed by officials in Great Britain 34. Besides the governor and lieutenant governor, North Carolinas executive branch consists of A. B. C. D.The members of the Senate The General Assembly The Council of States 39 district attorneys 35. A 1996 amendment to the North Carolina constitution gave the governor the power to A. B. C. D.Choose key county officials Appoint the Council of State Veto legislation Dismiss the Council of State 36. In the court case, Leandro v. State of North Carolina, the North Carolina Supreme Court ruled that the state constitution A. Requires low-wealth counties to have free universities B. Allows for all public schools to charge tuition C. Allows the grandfather clause to be in effect for education issues D. Does not require equal funding of education for every student 37. The Fourteenth Amendment did all of the following except A. Outlawed slavery B. Defined a U.S. citizen as any one born or naturalized in the United States C. Required states to grant citizens equal protection of the laws D. Forbade states from taking an individuals life, liberty, or property, with out due process of law 38. A large portion of North Carolina county revenues comes from A. B. C. D.Property taxes County park entrance fees Utility user fees Individual income taxes 39. The second largest category of municipal expenditures in North Carolina is for public safety, which includes A. B. C. D.Parks and recreation Police and fire services Utilities Water and suffrage 40. As evidence by its creation of a states militia, the North Carolina constitution of 1776 also upheld the political value of A. B. C. D.Prosperity Individual rights War Safety 41. According to the original North Carolina constitution of 1776, members of both the senate and the house of representatives were A. B. C. D.Chosen by the governor Chosen by the king Elected for one-year terms Elected to serve lifelong terms 42. The North Carolina constitution of 1776 did not give the governor much power because A. The governor was to be appointed for life B. They believed more power should be placed with the judicial branch C. They did not want the governor competing with the president D. Under British rule, the king-appointed governor and the legislature had competed for power 43. The revision of the North Carolina constitution in 1868 A. Completely changed the basic structure of government from the first constitution B. Greatly opened up participation in government C. Granted North Carolina women the right to vo