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Chapter One (Section One)

Feb 21, 2016

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Chapter One (Section One). What is “Civics”?. “Civics” is the study of the rights and duties of citizens. Greek Citizenship. Greek Citizenship. Roman Citizenship. Ruled by the Landowners…. Who are “citizens”?. Citizens are part of a country or nation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Chapter One (Section One)

  • What is Civics?

    Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens.

  • Greek Citizenship

  • Greek Citizenship

  • Roman Citizenship

  • Ruled by the Landowners

  • Who are citizens?

    Citizens are part of a country or nation.Citizens share a common history, common customs, or common values.Citizens agree to follow a set of rules and to accept the governments authority.

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

    Citizens are part of a country or nation.Citizens share a common history, common customs, or common values.Citizens agree to follow a set of rules and to accept the governments authority.

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

    Citizens are part of a country or nation.Citizens share a common history, common customs, or common values.Citizens agree to follow a set of rules and to accept the governments authority.

  • Who are citizens?

  • Who are citizens?

  • The Citizen & Government

    Each citizen owes loyalty to their government.

  • The Citizen & Government

    Each citizen also is entitled to protection from that government.

  • What is government?

    Government is the ruling authority for a community.It has the power to make laws, enforce laws, and make decisions for the community.

  • What is government?

  • What is government?

  • What is government?

  • Why do we NEED government?

  • Thomas Hobbes

  • Thomas HobbesHuman beings will naturally compete for territory, resources, and power.Life without government would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.

  • No government???

  • No government???

  • No government???

  • Who rules without government?

  • This guy?

  • Or this guy?

  • Functions of Government

  • Functions of Government

    Keep Order

  • Functions of Government

    Provide Security

  • Functions of Government Provide Services

  • Functions of GovernmentGuide the Community

  • Levels of Government

  • Local government (Tallahassee / Leon County)

  • State government(Florida)

  • Federal government(United States of America)

  • Types of Government

  • Dictatorship

  • Democracy

  • DemocracyDirect Democracy is when ALL citizens met to debate government matters and vote first hand. Virtually impossible in todays world due to populations.Representative Democracy is when citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf. The people still remain the governments source of authority.

  • Principles of American Democracy

  • 1) Rule of LawAll citizens, including those who govern, are bound by the law.

  • 2) Limited GovernmentGovernment is not all powerful it may do only those things that the people have given it the power to do.

  • 3) Consent of the GovernedAmerican citizens are the source of all governmental power.

  • 4) Individual RightsIn the American democracy, individual rights are protected by the government.

  • 5) Representative GovernmentPeople elect government leaders to make laws and govern on their behalf.

  • Majority Rules vs. Minority Rights

  • Who Wins?

  • Majority Rule vs. Minority Rights

    Majority Rule is the principle that says Americans will abide by what most people want. The most votes (or horns and hooves) wins

  • Majority Rule vs. Minority Rights

    The difficulty arises when the rights of the minority are threatened. American democracy demands these rights are maintained

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